How to format your references using the Laser Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laser Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angell C A 2008 Insights into phases of liquid water from study of its unusual glass-forming properties Science 319 582–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Rogers G and Dragert H 2003 Episodic tremor and slip on the Cascadia subduction zone: the chatter of silent slip Science 300 1942–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Pawar S, Dell A I and Savage V M 2012 Dimensionality of consumer search space drives trophic interaction strengths Nature 486 485–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Cui L, Wang P, Chen X, Fang Y, Zhang Z and Sun M 2014 Plasmon-driven dimerization via S-S chemical bond in an aqueous environment Sci. Rep. 4 7221

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Summerhayes S D 2016 CDM Regulations 2015 Procedures Manual (Chichester, UK: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Carbó Valverde S, Cuadros Solas P J and Rodríguez Fernández F 2016 Liquidity Risk, Efficiency and New Bank Business Models (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Firoozye N B and Ariff F 2016 Probability Applied Managing Uncertainty, Mitigating Risk: Tackling the Unknown in Financial Risk Assessment and Decision Making ed F Ariff (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK) pp 81–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laser Physics.

Blog post
Andrew D 2016 Protect Your Privacy During Turbulent Times: A Hacker’s Guide To Being Cyber-Safe IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1987 Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Participants Give Program High Marks (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hwang Y J 2006 Three Essays on Economics and Risk Perception Doctoral dissertation (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear M D 2017 An Obscure Law Unravels Obama’s Legacy, One Rule at a Time New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaser Physics
AbbreviationLaser Phys.
ISSN (print)1054-660X
ISSN (online)1555-6611
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles