How to format your references using the Laser Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laser Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tu Y 2000 How robust is the Internet? Nature 406 353–4
A journal article with 2 authors
Heilbron J L and Bynum W F 2001 1901 and all that Nature 409 13–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Kotiaho J S, Simmons L W and Tomkins J L 2001 Towards a resolution of the lek paradox Nature 410 684–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Wehrens X H T, Lehnart S E, Reiken S R, Deng S-X, Vest J A, Cervantes D, Coromilas J, Landry D W and Marks A R 2004 Protection from cardiac arrhythmia through ryanodine receptor-stabilizing protein calstabin2 Science 304 292–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kwartler T 2017 Text Mining in Practice with R (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Agnoletti M 2013 Italian Historical Rural Landscapes: Cultural Values for the Environment and Rural Development vol 1 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Pedrini L A 2013 Techniques and Kinetics of Hemodiafiltration Modeling and Control of Dialysis Systems: Volume 2: Biofeedback Systems and Soft Computing Techniques of Dialysis Studies in Computational Intelligence ed A T Azar (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 1011–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laser Physics.

Blog post
Andrew D 2016 Second Detection Heralds The Era Of Gravitational Wave Astronomy IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2000 Environmental Protection Agency: Comparing Annual Budgets for Science and Technology (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer K A 2010 System for Identifying Plankton from the SIPPER Instrument Platform Doctoral dissertation (Tampa, FL: University of South Florida)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L 2017 On Spectrum of Extremism, Far Left Takes Relatively Little Space New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaser Physics
AbbreviationLaser Phys.
ISSN (print)1054-660X
ISSN (online)1555-6611
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles