How to format your references using the Laser Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laser Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ray L B 2008 Cell signaling. Getting your loops straight. Introduction Science 322 389
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu T L and Kim C-J C J 2014 Repellent surfaces. Turning a surface superrepellent even to completely wetting liquids Science 346 1096–100
A journal article with 3 authors
Davis M C, Dahn R D and Shubin N H 2007 An autopodial-like pattern of Hox expression in the fins of a basal actinopterygian fish Nature 447 473–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Di Toro G, Hirose T, Nielsen S, Pennacchioni G and Shimamoto T 2006 Natural and experimental evidence of melt lubrication of faults during earthquakes Science 311 647–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walke B, Seidenberg R and Althoff M P 2005 UMTS (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Kuger S, Klieme E, Jude N and Kaplan D 2016 Assessing Contexts of Learning: An International Perspective (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Bradonjić M, Kohler E and Ostrovsky R 2009 Near-Optimal Radio Use for Wireless Network Synchronization Algorithmic Aspects of Wireless Sensor Networks: 5th International Workshop, ALGOSENSORS 2009, Rhodes, Greece, July 10-11, 2009. Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed S Dolev (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 15–28

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laser Physics.

Blog post
Andrew D 2017 Weekend Warrior Exercise: Is It Good For You? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2012 Air Passenger Screening: Transportation Security Administration Needs to Improve Complaint Processes (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard J T 2010 Transracial adoption psychoeducational services for potential adoptive parents: A grant proposal Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M 1992 Little Rock Hopes Clinton Presidency Will Put Its Dogpatch Image to Rest New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaser Physics
AbbreviationLaser Phys.
ISSN (print)1054-660X
ISSN (online)1555-6611
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles