How to format your references using the Laser Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laser Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knowles J 2003 Chemistry. Seeing is believing Science 299 2002–3
A journal article with 2 authors
Szalay A and Gray J 2006 2020 computing: science in an exponential world Nature 440 413–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan W-B, Huang J-F and Fan H 2013 Tunable single-photon frequency conversion in a Sagnac interferometer Sci. Rep. 3 3555
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Wilson S D, Dai P, Li S, Chi S, Kang H J and Lynn J W 2006 Resonance in the electron-doped high-transition-temperature superconductor Pr0.88LaCe0.12CuO4-delta Nature 442 59–62

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrucelli J R and Peters J R 2016 Preventing Fraud and Mismanagement in Government (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Mout M E H N and Stauffacher W 2010 Truth in Science, the Humanities and Religion~ (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Beal T 2016 The Flowering of the Relationship China, New Zealand, and the Complexities of Globalization: Asymmetry, Complementarity, and Competition ed Y Kang (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US) pp 103–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laser Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Why We Need A Legal Definition Of Artificial Intelligence IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992 Transportation Infrastructure: Major Program Revisions Present Challenges (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kutash M 2015 The Relationship Between Nurses’ Emotional Intelligence and Patient Outcomes Doctoral dissertation (Tampa, FL: University of South Florida)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M 2011 Sky’s the Limit: Yogis Head Outdoors New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaser Physics
AbbreviationLaser Phys.
ISSN (print)1054-660X
ISSN (online)1555-6611
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles