How to format your references using the Laser Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laser Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koriat A 2012 When are two heads better than one and why? Science 336 360–2
A journal article with 2 authors
Garcia-Pichel F and Pringault O 2001 Microbiology. Cyanobacteria track water in desert soils Nature 413 380–1
A journal article with 3 authors
Trainor P A, Ariza-McNaughton L and Krumlauf R 2002 Role of the isthmus and FGFs in resolving the paradox of neural crest plasticity and prepatterning Science 295 1288–91
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Calford M B, Chino Y M, Das A, Eysel U T, Gilbert C D, Heinen S J, Kaas J H and Ullman S 2005 Neuroscience: rewiring the adult brain Nature 438 E3; discussion E3-4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitola J III 2002 Software Radio Architecture (New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Murayama Y 2012 Progress in Geospatial Analysis (Tokyo: Springer Japan)
A chapter in an edited book
Spirin N and Vorontsov K 2011 Learning to Rank with Nonlinear Monotonic Ensemble Multiple Classifier Systems: 10th International Workshop, MCS 2011, Naples, Italy, June 15-17, 2011. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed C Sansone, J Kittler and F Roli (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 16–25

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laser Physics.

Blog post
Taub B 2016 Opioid Painkillers May Actually Make You More Sensitive To Pain IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1982 Improving the Collection of Debts Owed the Government (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dean D O 2012 A discrete-time multiple event process survival mixture (MEPSUM) model for investigating the order and timing of multiple non-repeatable events Doctoral dissertation (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines G G 2017 A Super Mission: Crashing the Closet New York Times AR17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaser Physics
AbbreviationLaser Phys.
ISSN (print)1054-660X
ISSN (online)1555-6611
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles