How to format your references using the Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lisse CM. Astronomy. The final flight of a Sun-diving comet. Science 2012;335:296–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Day J, Beamish J. Low-temperature shear modulus changes in solid 4He and connection to supersolidity. Nature 2007;450:853–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mulligan CJ, Kitchen A, Miyamoto MM. Comment on “Population size does not influence mitochondrial genetic diversity in animals.” Science 2006;314:1390.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Flora A, Klisch TJ, Schuster G, Zoghbi HY. Deletion of Atoh1 disrupts Sonic Hedgehog signaling in the developing cerebellum and prevents medulloblastoma. Science 2009;326:1424–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ponniah P. Data Warehousing Fundamentals for it Professionals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Padilla E, Phan PC, editors. Christianities in Migration: The Global Perspective. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gillispie CC, Pisano R. The Carnot Approach and the Mechanics of Work and Power, 1803–1829. In: Pisano R, editor. Lazare and Sadi Carnot: A Scientific and Filial Relationship, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 87–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. You Can Now Charge Your Smartphone With Your Pee. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/you-can-now-charge-your-smartphone-with-your-pee/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Traffic Congestion: Federal Efforts to Improve Mobility. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Tan SW. A pedagogical approach to selected études from Étude en douze exercices, S.136 and Études d ’exécution transcendante, S.139 by Franz Liszt. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J. Before Taking Shows to Audiences, Networks Try to Win Over Critics. New York Times 2016:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationKaohsiung J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1607-551X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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