How to format your references using the Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smaglik P. Pitching ideas. Nature 2004;427:759.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sothmann B, Flindt C. Physics. Quantized electronic heat flow. Science 2013;342:569–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ziegler AD, Fox JM, Xu J. Agriculture. The rubber juggernaut. Science 2009;324:1024–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Paukstelis PJ, Chen J-H, Chase E, Lambowitz AM, Golden BL. Structure of a tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase splicing factor bound to a group I intron RNA. Nature 2008;451:94–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Srivastava SP. Developments in Lubricant Technology. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Schomburg D, Schomburg I, Chang A, editors. Class 4–6 Lyases, Isomerases, Ligases: EC 4–6. vol. S7. Second Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Juan-Albarracín J, Fuster-Garcia E, García-Gómez JM. An Online Platform for the Automatic Reporting of Multi-parametric Tissue Signatures: A Case Study in Glioblastoma. In: Crimi A, Menze B, Maier O, Reyes M, Winzeck S, Handels H, editors. Brainlesion: Glioma, Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke and Traumatic Brain Injuries: Second International Workshop, BrainLes 2016, with the Challenges on BRATS, ISLES and mTOP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 43–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. State Of The World’s Plants Report Highlights 28,000 Species With Medicinal Properties. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Head Start: Comprehensive Approach to Identifying and Addressing Risks Could Help Prevent Grantee Financial Management Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Sutton DL. Alumni perceptions of the role of field education in professional preparation. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kanter J. Celebrating Trade Deal, Trudeau Praises E.U. New York Times 2017:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationKaohsiung J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1607-551X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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