How to format your references using the Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robert D. van der Hilst. 2004. Geophysics. Changing views on Earth’s deep mantle. Science 306, 5697 (October 2004), 817–818.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. M. Henderson and N. C. Slowey. 2000. Evidence from U-Th dating against Northern Hemisphere forcing of the penultimate deglaciation. Nature 404, 6773 (March 2000), 61–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kamran Behnia, Luis Balicas, and Yakov Kopelevich. 2007. Signatures of electron fractionalization in ultraquantum bismuth. Science 317, 5845 (September 2007), 1729–1731.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mintu Mondal, Anand Kamlapure, Somesh Chandra Ganguli, John Jesudasan, Vivas Bagwe, Lara Benfatto, and Pratap Raychaudhuri. 2013. Enhancement of the finite-frequency superfluid response in the pseudogap regime of strongly disordered superconducting films. Sci. Rep. 3, (2013), 1357.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yoon S. Lee. 2011. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chris Dale and Tom Anderson (Eds.). 2010. Making Systems Safer: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Safety-Critical Systems Symposium, Bristol, UK, 9-11th February 2010. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
S. N. Rajesh Raj and Mihir K. Mahapatra. 2009. On Measuring Productivity Growth in Indian Industry: Analysis of Organized and Unorganized Sector in Selected Major States. In Productivity, Efficiency, and Economic Growth in the Asia-Pacific Region, Jeong-Dong Lee and Almas Heshmati (eds.). Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, 81–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. New Species Of Human Discovered In South Africa. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Costs of Compliance With the Renegotiation Act of 1951. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Xinyan Zhao. 2006. Exfoliation Corrosion Kinetics of High Strength Aluminum Alloys. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by George Etheredge. 2016. Voyeur | Christmas Trees. New York Times, RE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
ISSN (print)1556-4673
ISSN (online)1556-4711
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems

Other styles