How to format your references using the Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Douglas N. Harris. 2011. Education. Value-added measures and the future of educational accountability. Science 333, 6044 (August 2011), 826–827.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benoit Pujol and John R. Pannell. 2008. Reduced responses to selection after species range expansion. Science 321, 5885 (July 2008), 96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kathryn D. Kavanagh, Alistair R. Evans, and Jukka Jernvall. 2007. Predicting evolutionary patterns of mammalian teeth from development. Nature 449, 7161 (September 2007), 427–432.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Luvena L. Ong, Nikita Hanikel, Omar K. Yaghi, Casey Grun, Maximilian T. Strauss, Patrick Bron, Josephine Lai-Kee-Him, Florian Schueder, Bei Wang, Pengfei Wang, Jocelyn Y. Kishi, Cameron Myhrvold, Allen Zhu, Ralf Jungmann, Gaetan Bellot, Yonggang Ke, and Peng Yin. 2017. Programmable self-assembly of three-dimensional nanostructures from 10,000 unique components. Nature 552, 7683 (December 2017), 72–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adrian M. T. Linacre and Shanan S. Tobe. 2013. Wildlife DNA Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sao-Jie Chen. 2006. IQ CALIBRATION TECHNIQUES FOR CMOS RADIO TRANSCEIVERS. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Humphreys and R. McIvor. 2005. Knowledge-Based Systems Technology in the Make or Buy Decision in Manufacturing Strategy. In Intelligent Knowledge-Based Systems: Business and Technology in the New Millennium, Cornelius T. Leondes (ed.). Springer US, Boston, MA, 83–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage.

Blog post
Stephen Luntz. 2014. Universe Reached Peak Heat 11 Billion Years Ago. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Student Loans: Limited Information Is Available to Determine How Students’ College Debt Affects Their School and Lifestyle Decisions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katherine Bates. 2017. Drivers of Engagement for Volunteers in a Nonprofit. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Susan Hodara. 2015. Canvases So Big They Are Seldom Seen. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
ISSN (print)1556-4673
ISSN (online)1556-4711
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems

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