How to format your references using the Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. C. Daily. 2001. Ecological forecasts. Nature 411, 6835 (May 2001), 245.
A journal article with 2 authors
John Doyle and Marie Csete. 2007. Rules of engagement. Nature 446, 7138 (April 2007), 860.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jinhui Dong, Guangyong Yang, and Hassane S. McHaourab. 2005. Structural basis of energy transduction in the transport cycle of MsbA. Science 308, 5724 (May 2005), 1023–1028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chuan-Zhou Liu, Jonathan E. Snow, Eric Hellebrand, Gerhard Brügmann, Anette von der Handt, Anette Büchl, and Albrecht W. Hofmann. 2008. Ancient, highly heterogeneous mantle beneath Gakkel ridge, Arctic Ocean. Nature 452, 7185 (March 2008), 311–316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Christelle Camman, Claude Fiore, Laurent Livolsi, and Pascal Querro. 2017. Supply Chain Management and Business Performance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Giancarlo Fortino and Paolo Trunfio (Eds.). 2014. Internet of Things Based on Smart Objects: Technology, Middleware and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Juan Ramón Vidal-Romaní, Marcos Vaqueiro, and Jorge Sanjurjo. 2014. Granite Landforms in Galicia. In Landscapes and Landforms of Spain, Francisco Gutiérrez and Mateo Gutiérrez (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 63–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage.

Blog post
Josh Davis. 2016. Researchers Trace The Mutations That May Have Led To The Zika Outbreak In Brazil. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Highway Fund Audit. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Michael R. Schoettler. 2017. A Publish-Subscribe Framework for Embedded Systems: Simplifying the Development Process. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
John Koblin. 2017. Departing Fox Executive May Be Heading to AMC. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,5,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
ISSN (print)1556-4673
ISSN (online)1556-4711
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems

Other styles