How to format your references using the Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Lovell-Badge. 2001. The future for stem cell research. Nature 414, 6859 (November 2001), 88–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bjorn Stevens and Graham Feingold. 2009. Untangling aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation in a buffered system. Nature 461, 7264 (October 2009), 607–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mang Niu, Daojian Cheng, and Dapeng Cao. 2014. SiH/TiO2 and GeH/TiO2 heterojunctions: promising TiO2-based photocatalysts under visible light. Sci. Rep. 4, (May 2014), 4810.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Junyue Cao, Darren A. Cusanovich, Vijay Ramani, Delasa Aghamirzaie, Hannah A. Pliner, Andrew J. Hill, Riza M. Daza, Jose L. McFaline-Figueroa, Jonathan S. Packer, Lena Christiansen, Frank J. Steemers, Andrew C. Adey, Cole Trapnell, and Jay Shendure. 2018. Joint profiling of chromatin accessibility and gene expression in thousands of single cells. Science 361, 6409 (September 2018), 1380–1385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sihem Tebbani, Filipa Lopes, Rayen Filali, Didier Dumur, and Dominique Pareau. 2014. CO 2 Biofixation by Microalgae. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Andrew Dawson (Ed.). 2009. Water in Road Structures: Movement, Drainage and Effects. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Leopoldo S. García-Colín and Leonardo Dagdug. 2009. Solution of the Integral Equations. In The Kinetic Theory of a Dilute Ionized Plasma, Leonardo Dagdug (ed.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 51–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage.

Blog post
Robin Andrews. 2016. First Baby In Europe With Zika-Related Microcephaly Born In Spain. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Major Science and Technology Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hipolito Mendez. 2009. Examination of friendship and burnout among child welfare workers. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hannah Alani. 2017. Family Recalls Life of Avid Cyclist, as Questions Are Raised About His Death. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
ISSN (print)1556-4673
ISSN (online)1556-4711
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems

Other styles