How to format your references using the Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Daniel P. Schrag. 2009. Storage of carbon dioxide in offshore sediments. Science 325, 5948 (September 2009), 1658–1659.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steven C. Turgeon and Robert A. Creaser. 2008. Cretaceous oceanic anoxic event 2 triggered by a massive magmatic episode. Nature 454, 7202 (July 2008), 323–326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shou-Shu Gong, Wei Zhu, and D. N. Sheng. 2014. Emergent chiral spin liquid: fractional quantum Hall effect in a kagome Heisenberg model. Sci. Rep. 4, (September 2014), 6317.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eugene Losev, Catherine A. Reinke, Jennifer Jellen, Daniel E. Strongin, Brooke J. Bevis, and Benjamin S. Glick. 2006. Golgi maturation visualized in living yeast. Nature 441, 7096 (June 2006), 1002–1006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ludmila V. Yakushevich. 2005. Nonlinear Physics of DNA. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Hao Feng, Gustavo Barbosa-Canovas, and Jochen Weiss (Eds.). 2011. Ultrasound Technologies for Food and Bioprocessing (1st ed.). Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Manuel Berzosa and Michael B. Wallace. 2015. Advanced Endoscopic Imaging in the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract. In Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection: Principles and Practice, Norio Fukami (ed.). Springer, New York, NY, 41–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2014. Scientists Find Area Of The Brain That Motivates Us To Exercise. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Information Technology: HUD Needs to Strengthen Its Capacity to Manage and Modernize Its Environment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yong-Jin Choi. 2003. Function of Commissureless and Related Genes in Drosophila Neural Development. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Kelly. 1990. STEAL THIS REVIEW. New York Times, 719.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
ISSN (print)1556-4673
ISSN (online)1556-4711
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems

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