How to format your references using the Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mike Mortimer. 2007. The time is ripe. Nature 447, 7146 (June 2007), 884.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephen A. Goff and Harry J. Klee. 2006. Plant volatile compounds: sensory cues for health and nutritional value? Science 311, 5762 (February 2006), 815–819.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Roche, D. Paillard, and E. Cortijo. 2004. Constraints on the duration and freshwater release of Heinrich event 4 through isotope modelling. Nature 432, 7015 (November 2004), 379–382.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stig Helveg, Carlos López-Cartes, Jens Sehested, Poul L. Hansen, Bjerne S. Clausen, Jens R. Rostrup-Nielsen, Frank Abild-Pedersen, and Jens K. Nørskov. 2004. Atomic-scale imaging of carbon nanofibre growth. Nature 427, 6973 (January 2004), 426–429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arnaud Henry-Labordère. 2009. Virtual Roaming Systems for GSM, GPRS and UMTS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Diego Dalvit, Peter Milonni, David Roberts, and Felipe da Rosa (Eds.). 2011. Casimir Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Valerie Graw and Christine Husmann. 2014. Mapping Marginality Hotspots. In Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology, Joachim von Braun and Franz W. Gatzweiler (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Don’t Believe The Hype – We Are A Long Way From An HIV Cure. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Federal Library Support Programs: Progress and Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Silviya Nikolova. 2010. Health insurance transitions of SCHIP-eligible children in response to higher public premiums. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lin-Manuel Miranda. 2017. Stephen Sondheim. New York Times, M2143.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
ISSN (print)1556-4673
ISSN (online)1556-4711
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems

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