How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wellems TE. Plasmodium chloroquine resistance and the search for a replacement antimalarial drug. Science. 2002 Oct;298(5591):124–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
State MW, Šestan N. Neuroscience. The emerging biology of autism spectrum disorders. Science. 2012 Sep;337(6100):1301–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grzybowski BA, Stone HA, Whitesides GM. Dynamic self-assembly of magnetized, millimetre-sized objects rotating at a liquid-air interface. Nature. 2000 Jun;405(6790):1033–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bragg AE, Verlet JRR, Kammrath A, Cheshnovsky O, Neumark DM. Hydrated electron dynamics: from clusters to bulk. Science. 2004 Oct;306(5696):669–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Design Solutions for Process Equipment Failures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
Gudmundsson J, editor. Algorithm Theory – SWAT 2008: 11th Scandinavian Workshop on Algorithm Theory, Gothenburg, Sweden, July 2-4, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Grancharova A, Johansen TA. Explicit MPC of Constrained Nonlinear Systems with Quantized Inputs. In: Johansen TA, editor. Explicit Nonlinear Model Predictive Control: Theory and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012; pp 111–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Research.

Blog post
Fang J. Turtles Seem Surprisingly Unafraid Of Sharks [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jul


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal-Aid Highways: Cost and Oversight of Major Highway and Bridge Projects--Issues and Options. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farooq AS. Singing the blues: Indicators of mental illness among nursing home elderly. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD. In Trump’s Silence, Pence Takes a Swipe at Russia. New York Times. 2017 Aug;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Research
AbbreviationJ. Vasc. Res.
ISSN (print)1018-1172
ISSN (online)1423-0135
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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