How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Centre stage in Missouri. Nature. 2004 Oct;431(7009):720–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miroshnichenko AE, Kivshar YS. Applied physics. Polarization traffic control for surface plasmons. Science. 2013 Apr;340(6130):283–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davies JP, Chen FW, Ioannou YA. Transmembrane molecular pump activity of Niemann-Pick C1 protein. Science. 2000 Dec;290(5500):2295–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stephan KE, Marshall JC, Friston KJ, Rowe JB, Ritzl A, Zilles K, et al. Lateralized cognitive processes and lateralized task control in the human brain. Science. 2003 Jul;301(5631):384–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett JE, Johnson WB. Ethics Desk Reference for Counselors. Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association; 2015.
An edited book
Tixeuil S, Herman T, editors. Self-Stabilizing Systems: 7th International Symposium, SSS 2005, Barcelona, Spain, October 26-27, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Devetag G, Gaffeo E, Gallegati M, Giulioni G. Financial Fragility and Scaling Distributions in the Laboratory. In: Namatame A, Kaizouji T, Aruka Y, editors. The Complex Networks of Economic Interactions: Essays in Agent-Based Economics and Econophysics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006; pp 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. How I Dissected A T. Rex (It Took Chainsaws, Feathers And Lots Of Latex) [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Greater Emphasis on Information Resource Management Is Needed at the Federal Aviation Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez A. Impact of the Child and Family Services Improvement Act of 2006 on monthly caseworker visits to children in Los Angeles County on California’s foster care system. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. Firing Puts Public Split Over Media On Display. New York Times. 2017 May;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Research
AbbreviationJ. Vasc. Res.
ISSN (print)1018-1172
ISSN (online)1423-0135
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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