How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bjorn G. Dissension in the ranks. Nature. 2008 Aug;454(7207):1024–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlesinger WH, Lichter J. Limited carbon storage in soil and litter of experimental forest plots under increased atmospheric CO2. Nature. 2001 May;411(6836):466–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brunet T, Leng J, Mondain-Monval O. Materials science. Soft acoustic metamaterials. Science. 2013 Oct;342(6156):323–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Moellering RE, Cornejo M, Davis TN, Del Bianco C, Aster JC, Blacklow SC, et al. Direct inhibition of the NOTCH transcription factor complex. Nature. 2009 Nov;462(7270):182–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Magnasco V. Models for Bonding in Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Tsoukas C, editor. Lymphocyte Signal Transduction. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Bellout H, Bloom F. Attractors for Incompressible Bipolar and Non-Newtonian Flows: Bounded Domains and Space Periodic Problems. In: Bloom F, editor. Incompressible Bipolar and Non-Newtonian Viscous Fluid Flow. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014; pp 347–433.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Research.

Blog post
Davis J. Report Reveals 20% Of All Plants At Risk Of Extinction [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Observations on Efforts to Quantify the Economic Effects of Counterfeit and Pirated Goods. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Backfish M. Electron Cloud in Steel Beam Pipe vs Titanium Nitride Coated and Amorphous Carbon Coated Beam Pipes in Fermilab’s Main Injector. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. A Japanese Immersion Course. New York Times. 2009 Apr;NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Research
AbbreviationJ. Vasc. Res.
ISSN (print)1018-1172
ISSN (online)1423-0135
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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