How to format your references using the Journal of Transportation Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transportation Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanderson K (2015) Structure: Artificial armour. Nature 519:S14-5
A journal article with 2 authors
Sui H, Downing KH (2006) Molecular architecture of axonemal microtubule doublets revealed by cryo-electron tomography. Nature 442:475–478
A journal article with 3 authors
Tellis JC, Primer DN, Molander GA (2014) Dual catalysis. Single-electron transmetalation in organoboron cross-coupling by photoredox/nickel dual catalysis. Science 345:433–436
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Henshilwood C, d’Errico F, Vanhaeren M, et al (2004) Middle Stone Age shell beads from South Africa. Science 304:404

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharon M, Sharon M (2015) Graphene. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mitchell RC, Moore SA (eds) (2012) Politics, Participation & Power Relations: Transdisciplinary Approaches to Critical Citizenship in the Classroom and Community. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Pozio E, Gomez-Morales MA (2014) Clonorchiasis and Opisthorchiasis. In: Bruschi F (ed) Helminth Infections and their Impact on Global Public Health. Springer, Vienna, pp 123–152

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transportation Security.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Extra “Mystery” Neurons Make Males Prioritize Sex. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Aircraft Certification: FAA Can Better Meet Challenges Posed by Advances in Aircraft Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adelman SW (2009) Early childhood nutritional responses to targeted food aid and social network disruptions in Ugandan internally displaced person’s camps. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Nothing Up His Sleeve, but on It. New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sanderson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sui and Downing 2006; Sanderson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sui and Downing 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Henshilwood et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transportation Security
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Secur.
ISSN (print)1938-7741
ISSN (online)1938-775X
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research
Safety Research
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles