How to format your references using the Journal of Transportation Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transportation Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg RA (2011) Cancer. BRCA1, everything but the RING? Science 334:459–460
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson TL, Jackson GA (2007) Small phytoplankton and carbon export from the surface ocean. Science 315:838–840
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith CE, Llorente B, Symington LS (2007) Template switching during break-induced replication. Nature 447:102–105
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lindell D, Jaffe JD, Johnson ZI, et al (2005) Photosynthesis genes in marine viruses yield proteins during host infection. Nature 438:86–89

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Villarroel A (2015) Practical Clinical Epidemiology for the Veterinarian. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Payne S, Eardley I, O’Flynn K (eds) (2012) Imaging and Technology in Urology: Principles and Clinical Applications. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Wang F, Li X, Lu M, Xiao Z (2014) Robust Abrupt Motion Tracking via Adaptive Hamiltonian Monte Carlo Sampling. In: Pham D-N, Park S-B (eds) PRICAI 2014: Trends in Artificial Intelligence: 13th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia, December 1-5, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 52–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transportation Security.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Here’s What Eating Junk Food Does To Your Gut Bacteria. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) FAA Procurement: Major Data-Processing Project Is Now Ready to Proceed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arnold JM (2009) Accountability in British Columbia: A case study connecting policy and practice. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2008) Conflict Tests Ties Between the Georgian and Russian Orthodox Churches. New York Times A5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenberg 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Richardson and Jackson 2007; Greenberg 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richardson and Jackson 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Lindell et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transportation Security
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Secur.
ISSN (print)1938-7741
ISSN (online)1938-775X
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research
Safety Research
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles