How to format your references using the Journal of Transportation Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transportation Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sherman W (2009) Materials science. Building a better nano-biped. Science 324:46–47
A journal article with 2 authors
Meissner A, Jaenisch R (2006) Generation of nuclear transfer-derived pluripotent ES cells from cloned Cdx2-deficient blastocysts. Nature 439:212–215
A journal article with 3 authors
Wiedemann N, Meisinger C, Pfanner N (2009) Cell biology. Connecting organelles. Science 325:403–404
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhou S, Burger C, Chu B, et al (2001) Spherical bilayer vesicles of fullerene-based surfactants in water: a laser light scattering study. Science 291:1944–1947

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vitale J (2007) The Seven Lost Secrets of Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zhou W, Wang ZL (eds) (2007) Scanning Microscopy for Nanotechnology: Techniques and Applications. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Back R-J, Eriksson J, Myreen M (2007) Testing and Verifying Invariant Based Programs in the SOCOS Environment. In: Gurevich Y, Meyer B (eds) Tests and Proofs: First International Conference, TAP 2007, Zurich, Switzerland, February 12-13, 2007. Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 61–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transportation Security.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Graphene-Based Supercapacitors Could Lead To Battery-Free Electric Cars Within 5 Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) FCC: Non-Voice, Non-Geostationary Mobile Satellite Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plosky WD (2017) An Investment Case for Addressing Social Drivers of Structural Stigma and Discrimination Against Refugees in Resource-Poor Urban Areas. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker AL (2014) Nebraska University Chief Is Chosen to Lead CUNY. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sherman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Meissner and Jaenisch 2006; Sherman 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meissner and Jaenisch 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transportation Security
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Secur.
ISSN (print)1938-7741
ISSN (online)1938-775X
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research
Safety Research
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles