How to format your references using the Journal of Transportation Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transportation Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ahmed F (2010) Health: Edible advice. Nature 468:S10-2
A journal article with 2 authors
Matthews HD, Solomon S (2013) Atmosphere. Irreversible does not mean unavoidable. Science 340:438–439
A journal article with 3 authors
Song K, Yeom E, Lee SJ (2014) Real-time imaging of pulvinus bending in Mimosa pudica. Sci Rep 4:6466
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shulman J, Malatino F, Mo A, et al (2014) Controlling networks of nonlinearly-coupled nodes using response surfaces. Sci Rep 4:7574

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg SM (2013) Accounting Best Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
An edited book
Zeghloul S, Laribi MA, Gazeau J-P (eds) (2016) Robotics and Mechatronics: Proceedings of the 4th IFToMM International Symposium on Robotics and Mechatronics, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
van Barneveld A, Ertmer PA (2014) Implementing Problem-Oriented Pedagogies in Engineering Education: Examination of Tensions and Drivers. In: Orey M, Jones SA, Branch RM (eds) Educational Media and Technology Yearbook: Volume 38. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transportation Security.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Polluted Dwarf Star Could Hold The Key To The Origin Of Water On Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Strategic Sourcing: Opportunities Exist to Better Manage Information Technology Services Spending. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wick HF (2001) Applying Natural Horn Technique to Modern Valved Horn Performance Practice. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2015) Dark Matter’s Deep Reach. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ahmed 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ahmed 2010; Matthews and Solomon 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matthews and Solomon 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Shulman et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transportation Security
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Secur.
ISSN (print)1938-7741
ISSN (online)1938-775X
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research
Safety Research
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles