How to format your references using the Journal of Translational Autoimmunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Translational Autoimmunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Mervis, NSF IN FLUX: NSF Searches for Right Way to Help Women, Science. 289 (2000) 379–381.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Ruokolainen, H. Tuomisto, Beta-diversity in tropical forests, Science. 297 (2002) 1439; discussion 1439.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Finkel, M. Serrano, M.A. Blasco, The common biology of cancer and ageing, Nature. 448 (2007) 767–774.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L.M. Weigel, D.B. Clewell, S.R. Gill, N.C. Clark, L.K. McDougal, S.E. Flannagan, J.F. Kolonay, J. Shetty, G.E. Killgore, F.C. Tenover, Genetic analysis of a high-level vancomycin-resistant isolate of Staphylococcus aureus, Science. 302 (2003) 1569–1571.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W.B. Rouse, Universities as Complex Enterprises, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
D. Grundel, R. Murphey, P. Pardalos, O. Prokopyev, eds., Cooperative Systems: Control and Optimization, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Denker, S. Grün, Designing Workflows for the Reproducible Analysis of Electrophysiological Data, in: K. Amunts, L. Grandinetti, T. Lippert, N. Petkov (Eds.), Brain-Inspired Computing: Second International Workshop, BrainComp 2015, Cetraro, Italy, July 6-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 58–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Translational Autoimmunity.

Blog post
E. Andrew, How Floating Turbines Could Harness The Awesome Power Of The Tides, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intelligent Transportation Systems: Vehicle-to-Vehicle Technologies Expected to Offer Safety Benefits, but a Variety of Deployment Challenges Exist, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.N. Lam, The effect of racial disparities and adult supervision in Human Papillomavirus knowledge among female adolescents, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, Scouting Report, New York Times. (2010) E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Translational Autoimmunity
ISSN (print)2589-9090

Other styles