How to format your references using the Journal of Translational Autoimmunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Translational Autoimmunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Brunini, Origin of the obliquities of the giant planets in mutual interactions in the early Solar System, Nature. 440 (2006) 1163–1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Erdélyi, V. Fedun, Are there Alfvén waves in the solar atmosphere?, Science. 318 (2007) 1572–1574.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Yamaguchi, M. Shiga, H. Kaburaki, Grain boundary decohesion by impurity segregation in a nickel-sulfur system, Science. 307 (2005) 393–397.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
O.M. Auslaender, A. Yacoby, R. de Picciotto, K.W. Baldwin, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, Tunneling spectroscopy of the elementary excitations in a one-dimensional wire, Science. 295 (2002) 825–828.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Korhonen, T. Savolainen, J. Soininen, Deploying IPv6 in 3GPP Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
G.S. Everly Jr., A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress Response, 3rd ed. 2013, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Tornyai, A. Kertesz, Towards Autonomous Data Sharing Across Personal Clouds, in: L. Lopes, J. Žilinskas, A. Costan, R.G. Cascella, G. Kecskemeti, E. Jeannot, M. Cannataro, L. Ricci, S. Benkner, S. Petit, V. Scarano, J. Gracia, S. Hunold, S.L. Scott, S. Lankes, C. Lengauer, J. Carretero, J. Breitbart, M. Alexander (Eds.), Euro-Par 2014: Parallel Processing Workshops: Euro-Par 2014 International Workshops, Porto, Portugal, August 25-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part II, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 50–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Translational Autoimmunity.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Why Does Scratching An Itch Make It Worse?, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Weather Satellites: Economies Available by Converging Government Meteorological Satellites, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.-H. Chin, A performer’s guide to Howard Hanson’s “Four Poems (Poèmes érotiques)”, Opus 9, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, Bewildered Rage Over Lives Cut Short, New York Times. (2017) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Translational Autoimmunity
ISSN (print)2589-9090

Other styles