How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Crim FF. Chemistry. Close encounters. Science. 2001;293(5537):2014-2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ratcliffe JM, Nydam ML. Multimodal warning signals for a multiple predator world. Nature. 2008;455(7209):96-99.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mukandavire Z, Smith DL, Morris JG Jr. Cholera in Haiti: reproductive numbers and vaccination coverage estimates. Sci Rep. 2013;3:997.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Filippakopoulos P, Qi J, Picaud S, et al. Selective inhibition of BET bromodomains. Nature. 2010;468(7327):1067-1073.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Costa F, Gautier C, Labouré E, Revol B. Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Borsdorf A. The Andes: A Geographical Portrait. (Stadel C, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Murakami D, Yamagata Y. Flood Risk Management in Cities. In: Yamagata Y, Maruyama H, eds. Urban Resilience: A Transformative Approach. Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:63-77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Town In New Zealand Builds An Underpass To Save Their Tiny Penguins. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/town-in-new-zealand-builds-an-underpass-to-save-their-tiny-penguins/. Published November 21, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Procedures for Updating Arbitrator Disclosure Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McClurg AD. A phenomenological study of Baby Boomer retirement— Expectations, results, and implications. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kepner T. A 105-M.P.H. Fastball? Nice. What Else You Got? New York Times. October 29, 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Tradit. Complement. Med.
ISSN (print)2225-4110
Scope

Other styles