How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Andolfatto, P., 2005. Adaptive evolution of non-coding DNA in Drosophila. Nature 437, 1149–1152.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ignés-Mullol, J., Schwartz, D.K., 2001. Shear-induced molecular precession in a hexatic Langmuir monolayer. Nature 410, 348–351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jedema, F.J., Filip, A.T., van Wees, B.J., 2001. Electrical spin injection and accumulation at room temperature in an all-metal mesoscopic spin valve. Nature 410, 345–348.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gentili, D., Durso, M., Bettini, C., Manet, I., Gazzano, M., Capelli, R., Muccini, M., Melucci, M., Cavallini, M., 2013. A time-temperature integrator based on fluorescent and polymorphic compounds. Sci. Rep. 3, 2581.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ma, A.D., Roberts, H.R., Escobar, M.A., 2012. Hemophilia and Hemostasis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Benner, P., Bollhöfer, M., Kressner, D., Mehl, C., Stykel, T. (Eds.), 2015. Numerical Algebra, Matrix Theory, Differential-Algebraic Equations and Control Theory: Festschrift in Honor of Volker Mehrmann. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiong, Z., Yao, Z., 2014. The Evolvement Mechanism of Land Use and Urban Space Structure Along Rail Transit, in: Xia, H., Zhang, Y. (Eds.), The 2nd International Symposium on Rail Transit Comprehensive Development (ISRTCD) Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Meteor Showers Are Warped By Gravity Of Planets [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Progress in Improving Its Financial Condition Has Been Mixed (No. RCED-99-181). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norris, C., 2014. What is Lost Along the Way (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. The Best-Seller List 55 Years Ago. New York Times C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Andolfatto, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Andolfatto, 2005; Ignés-Mullol and Schwartz, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ignés-Mullol and Schwartz, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Gentili et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences
ISSN (print)1658-077X

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