How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check Hayden, E., 2014. The automated lab. Nature 516, 131–132.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, Q., Lemke, G., 2001. Homeostatic regulation of the immune system by receptor tyrosine kinases of the Tyro 3 family. Science 293, 306–311.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koren, I., Dagan, G., Altaratz, O., 2014. From aerosol-limited to invigoration of warm convective clouds. Science 344, 1143–1146.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Escrig, S., Capmas, F., Dupré, B., Allègre, C.J., 2004. Osmium isotopic constraints on the nature of the DUPAL anomaly from Indian mid-ocean-ridge basalts. Nature 431, 59–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marage, J.-P., Mori, Y., 2013. Sonar and Underwater Acoustics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sen, S., 2016. Diabetes Mellitus in 21st Century. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Groenendijk, L., Sturm, J., 2007. Curing society by better education: Wilhelm Stekel on parental influences in the causation and prevention of compulsion neuroses, in: Groenendijk, L., Sturm, J., Roazen, P. (Eds.), The Self-Marginalization of Wilhelm Stekel: Freudian Circles Inside and Out. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. A Christmas Comet To Be Seen From Dark Skies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Uncertainties Surrounding IRS’ Fiscal Year 1992 Budget Request for Tax System Modernization (No. T-IMTEC-91-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, V.D., 2014. Leadership behavior practice patterns’ relationship to employee work engagement in a nonprofit that supports the homeless (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vanderhart, D., Pérez-Peña, R., Schmidt, M.S., 2015. In Note Left Behind, Gunman ‘Did Not Like His Lot in Life,’ Officials Say. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check Hayden, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Check Hayden, 2014; Lu and Lemke, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu and Lemke, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Escrig et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences
ISSN (print)1658-077X

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