How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guthrie, R.D., 2006. New carbon dates link climatic change with human colonization and Pleistocene extinctions. Nature 441, 207–209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Andreasen, R., Sharma, M., 2006. Solar nebula heterogeneity in p-process samarium and neodymium isotopes. Science 314, 806–809.
A journal article with 3 authors
Choi, C.H., Hiromura, M., Usheva, A., 2003. Transcription factor IIB acetylates itself to regulate transcription. Nature 424, 965–969.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Langevin, Y., Douté, S., Vincendon, M., Poulet, F., Bibring, J.-P., Gondet, B., Schmitt, B., Forget, F., 2006. No signature of clear CO2 ice from the “cryptic” regions in Mars’ south seasonal polar cap. Nature 442, 790–792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruiz, J.-L., 2017. Supra-Gingival Minimally Invasive Dentistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Li, K., Fei, M., Irwin, G.W., Ma, S. (Eds.), 2007. Bio-Inspired Computational Intelligence and Applications: International Conference on Life System Modeling and Simulation, LSMS 2007, Shanghai, China, September 14-17, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Balmer, A.S., Bulpin, K., Molyneux-Hodgson, S., 2016. Bodies, in: Bulpin, K., Molyneux-Hodgson, S. (Eds.), Synthetic Biology: A Sociology of Changing Practices. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 116–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Gut Bacteria Could Increase Risk Of Developing Asthma [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Army Networks: Size and Scope of Modernization Investment Merit Increased Oversight (No. GAO-13-179). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tahira, A., 2017. Synthesis of Bivalent Organothiophosphate Inhibitors and Their Inhibition of Butyrylcholinesterase: Studies towards a Potential Treatment of Cognitive Loss Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2007. Collective Farmers’ Monuments Meet Paintball. New York Times 511.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guthrie, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Andreasen and Sharma, 2006; Guthrie, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Andreasen and Sharma, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Langevin et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences
ISSN (print)1658-077X

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