How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livingston, J.D., 2000. An electromagnetic personality. Nature 407, 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan, K.D., Johnson, M.A., 2010. Chemistry. Downsizing the hydrated electron’s lair. Science 329, 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suttmeier, R.P., Cao, C., Simon, D.F., 2006. Priorities and funding. “Knowledge innovation” and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science 312, 58–59.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Teeling, E.C., Scally, M., Kao, D.J., Romagnoli, M.L., Springer, M.S., Stanhope, M.J., 2000. Molecular evidence regarding the origin of echolocation and flight in bats. Nature 403, 188–192.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis, T.B., 2011. Audel Industrial Multi-Craft Mini-Ref. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Khong, T.Y., Malcomson, R.D.G. (Eds.), 2015. Keeling’s Fetal and Neonatal Pathology, 5th ed. 2015. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Crespi Reghizzi, S., Breveglieri, L., Morzenti, A., 2013. Translation Semantics and Static Analysis, in: Breveglieri, L., Morzenti, A. (Eds.), Formal Languages and Compilation, Texts in Computer Science. Springer, London, pp. 293–387.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. 98 Never-Before-Seen Beetle Species Discovered in Indonesia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Transit Grants: Department of Labor’s Certification Process (No. T-RCED-00-157). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jalali Farahani, B., 2005. Adaptive Digital Calibration Techniques for High Speed, High Resolution Sigma Delta ADCs for Broadband Wireless Applications (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schulman, M., 2017. Julie Klausner Meets a Cult-Movie Legend. New York Times ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hamilton, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Grebe, 2005; Suresh, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jordan and Johnson, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences
ISSN (print)1658-077X

Other styles