How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, G.E., 2015. EVOLUTION. Dissecting diversity in the social brain. Science 350, 1310–1312.
A journal article with 2 authors
Remondes, M., Schuman, E.M., 2004. Role for a cortical input to hippocampal area CA1 in the consolidation of a long-term memory. Nature 431, 699–703.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsushima, Y., Sasaki, Y., Watanabe, T., 2006. Greater disruption due to failure of inhibitory control on an ambiguous distractor. Science 314, 1786–1788.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamamoto, M., Saijoh, Y., Perea-Gomez, A., Shawlot, W., Behringer, R.R., Ang, S.-L., Hamada, H., Meno, C., 2004. Nodal antagonists regulate formation of the anteroposterior axis of the mouse embryo. Nature 428, 387–392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Poikselkä, M., Mayer, G., Khartabil, H., Niemi, A., 2004. The IMS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kambayashi, N. (Ed.), 2015. Japanese Management in Change: The Impact of Globalization and Market Principles. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenfeld, S.S., 2015. Clinical Trials of Mitotic Kinesin Inhibitors, in: Frank, K.F. (Ed.), Kinesins and Cancer. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Fossil Peruvian Monkey May Have Originated in Africa [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Medicare: Callers Can Access 1-800-MEDICARE Services, but Responsibility within CMS for Limited English Proficiency Plan Unclear (No. GAO-09-104). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zellner, K.M., 2008. An examination of grade distribution patterns and grade inflation at a baccalaureate nursing program (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cumming-Bruce, N., Sengupta, S., 2017. In Greece, China Finds a New Ally Against Criticism of Its Human Rights Record. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Remondes and Schuman, 2004; Robinson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Remondes and Schuman, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences
ISSN (print)1658-077X

Other styles