How to format your references using the Journal of the Philosophy of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Verma, Inder M. 2012. “Renato Dulbecco (1914-2012).” Nature 483 (7390): 408.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, Sophie G., and Martine Berthelot-Grosjean. 2009. “Polar Gradients of the DYRK-Family Kinase Pom1 Couple Cell Length with the Cell Cycle.” Nature 459 (7248): 852–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fenton, Lori K., Paul E. Geissler, and Robert M. Haberle. 2007. “Global Warming and Climate Forcing by Recent Albedo Changes on Mars.” Nature 446 (7136): 646–649.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Doshi, Pankaj, Itai Cohen, Wendy W. Zhang, Michael Siegel, Peter Howell, Osman A. Basaran, and Sidney R. Nagel. 2003. “Persistence of Memory in Drop Breakup: The Breakdown of Universality.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5648): 1185–1188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fight, Andrew. 2004. Understanding International Bank Risk. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Daniel, Florian, Peter Dolog, and Qing Li, eds. 2013. Web Engineering: 13th International Conference, ICWE 2013, Aalborg, Denmark, July 8-12, 2013. Proceedings. Vol. 7977. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mannoor, Manu Sebastian, Teena James, Dentcho V. Ivanov, Les Beadling, and William Braunlin. 2009. “NEMS Capacitive Sensors for Highly Sensitive, Label-Free Nucleic-Acid Analysis.” In Nano-Net: Third International ICST Conference, NanoNet 2008, Boston, MA, USA, September 14-16, 2008, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Maggie Cheng, 19–25. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Greenpeace Irreparably Damage Ancient Nazca Lines.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2017. Tribal Transportation: Better Data Could Improve Road Management and Inform Indian Student Attendance Strategies. GAO-17-423. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong-Romero, Kyla A. 2017. “Cultural Influences and the Impact of Workplace Bullying.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “A Classic Shoe, Restyled.” New York Times, October 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Verma 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Verma 2012; Martin and Berthelot-Grosjean 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Berthelot-Grosjean 2009)
  • Three authors: (Fenton, Geissler, and Haberle 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Doshi et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Philosophy of Sport
AbbreviationJ. Phil. Sport
ISSN (print)0094-8705
ISSN (online)1543-2939
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)

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