How to format your references using the Journal of the Philosophy of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elvis, Martin. 2012. “Greater Observatories: A Midlife Crisis for X-Ray Astronomy.” Nature 486 (7402): 181–182.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldblatt, Colin, and Kevin J. Zahnle. 2011. “Faint Young Sun Paradox Remains.” Nature 474 (7349): E3-4; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyvat, M., C. Hafner, and J. Leuthold. 2014. “Wireless Control and Selection of Forces and Torques--towards Wireless Engines.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5681.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pupo, Gabriele, Francesco Ibba, David M. H. Ascough, Anna Chiara Vicini, Paolo Ricci, Kirsten E. Christensen, Lukas Pfeifer, et al. 2018. “Asymmetric Nucleophilic Fluorination under Hydrogen Bonding Phase-Transfer Catalysis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 360 (6389): 638–642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Giannini, F., and G. Leuzzi. 2005. Nonlinear Microwave Circuit Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jarm, Tomaz, Peter Kramar, and Anze Zupanic, eds. 2007. 11th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biomedical Engineering and Computing 2007: MEDICON 2007, 26-30 June 2007, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Vol. 16. IFMBE Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Faure, Gunter, and Teresa M. Mensing. 2011. “Northern Victoria Land.” In The Transantarctic Mountains: Rocks, Ice, Meteorites and Water, edited by Teresa M. Mensing, 99–144. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2017. “Tackling The Kraken: Unique Dolphin Strategy Delivers Dangerous Octopus For Dinner.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Guaranteed Student Loans: Actions to Ensure Continued Student Access to Subsidized Loans. HEHS-95-64. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manzanares, Michelle Erin. 2012. “Effect of a Preoperative Multidisciplinary Education Program on Weight Management after Bariatric Surgery.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2002. “Russian Troops Seal Off Town In Search for Chechen Rebels.” New York Times, January 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elvis 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Elvis 2012; Goldblatt and Zahnle 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldblatt and Zahnle 2011)
  • Three authors: (Boyvat, Hafner, and Leuthold 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Pupo et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Philosophy of Sport
AbbreviationJ. Phil. Sport
ISSN (print)0094-8705
ISSN (online)1543-2939
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)

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