How to format your references using the Journal of the Philosophy of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spoor, Fred. 2015. “Palaeoanthropology: The Middle Pliocene Gets Crowded.” Nature 521 (7553): 432–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krüger, Frank, and Matthias Ohrnberger. 2005. “Tracking the Rupture of the Mw = 9.3 Sumatra Earthquake over 1,150 Km at Teleseismic Distance.” Nature 435 (7044): 937–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perryman, S. A. M., S. J. Clark, and J. S. West. 2014. “Splash Dispersal of Phyllosticta Citricarpa Conidia from Infected Citrus Fruit.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6568.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sun, Fadi, Xiao-Lu Yu, Jinwu Ye, Heng Fan, and Wu-Ming Liu. 2013. “Topological Quantum Phase Transition in Synthetic Non-Abelian Gauge Potential: Gauge Invariance and Experimental Detections.” Scientific Reports 3: 2119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Family Firm Institute, Inc. 2013. Family Enterprise. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hazani, Ron, Mohamed Amir Mrad, David Tauber, Jason Ulm, Alan Yan, and Michael J. Yaremchuk, eds. 2016. Clinical Diagnosis in Plastic Surgery. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nolte, Alexander, and Michael Prilla. 2012. “Normal Users Cooperating on Process Models: Is It Possible at All?” In Collaboration and Technology: 18th International Conference, CRIWG 2012 Raesfeld, Germany, September 16-19, 2012 Proceedings, edited by Valeria Herskovic, H. Ulrich Hoppe, Marc Jansen, and Jürgen Ziegler, 57–72. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “New Species Of Peacock Spider Described.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Army Aviation: Modernization Strategy Needs to Be Reassessed. NSIAD-95-9. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuan, Sheng. 2008. “Aberrations of Anamorphic Optical Systems.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2005. “A Rock Club Closes After a Four-Year Run.” New York Times, October 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spoor 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Spoor 2015; Krüger and Ohrnberger 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krüger and Ohrnberger 2005)
  • Three authors: (Perryman, Clark, and West 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sun et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Philosophy of Sport
AbbreviationJ. Phil. Sport
ISSN (print)0094-8705
ISSN (online)1543-2939
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)

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