How to format your references using the Journal of the Philosophy of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Casti, J. L. 2001. “Formally Speaking.” Nature 411 (6837): 527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott, Alison, and David Cyranoski. 2003. “Biologists Seek to Head off Future Sources of Infection.” Nature 423 (6935): 3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bogorad, Igor W., Tzu-Shyang Lin, and James C. Liao. 2013. “Synthetic Non-Oxidative Glycolysis Enables Complete Carbon Conservation.” Nature 502 (7473): 693–697.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cawkwell, Marc J., Duc Nguyen-Manh, Christopher Woodward, David G. Pettifor, and Vaclav Vitek. 2005. “Origin of Brittle Cleavage in Iridium.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5737): 1059–1062.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dincer, Ibrahim, Marc A. Rosen, and Pouria Ahmadi. 2017. Optimization of Energy Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Riedl, René. 2016. Fundamentals of NeuroIS: Information Systems and the Brain. Edited by Pierre-Majorique Léger. Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, Bo Guang. 2008. “Pine Wilt Disease in China.” In Pine Wilt Disease, edited by Bo Guang Zhao, Kazuyoshi Futai, Jack R. Sutherland, and Yuko Takeuchi, 18–25. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “New Evidence Suggests Tyrannosaurs Were Social Creatures.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Satellite Acquisition: Global Positioning System Acquisition Changes After Challenger’s Accident. NSIAD-87-209BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldstein, Thomas William. 2010. “Writing in Red: The East German Writers Union and the Role of Literary Intellectuals in the German Democratic Republic, 1971-90.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2013. “A Brooklyn Life On the Big Screen.” New York Times, August 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Casti 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Casti 2001; Abbott and Cyranoski 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abbott and Cyranoski 2003)
  • Three authors: (Bogorad, Lin, and Liao 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cawkwell et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Philosophy of Sport
AbbreviationJ. Phil. Sport
ISSN (print)0094-8705
ISSN (online)1543-2939
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)

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