How to format your references using the Journal of the Philosophy of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, Virginia. 2004. “Taking a Risk in Start-Ups.” Nature 429 (6990): 484–485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jarvis, P., and S. Linder. 2000. “Constraints to Growth of Boreal Forests.” Nature 405 (6789): 904–905.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakuda, Atsushi, Akitoshi Hayashi, and Masahiro Tatsumisago. 2013. “Sulfide Solid Electrolyte with Favorable Mechanical Property for All-Solid-State Lithium Battery.” Scientific Reports 3: 2261.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Benoff, Brian, Huanwang Yang, Catherine L. Lawson, Gary Parkinson, Jinsong Liu, Erich Blatter, Yon W. Ebright, Helen M. Berman, and Richard H. Ebright. 2002. “Structural Basis of Transcription Activation: The CAP-Alpha CTD-DNA Complex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5586): 1562–1566.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knopf, F. Carl. 2011. Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Müller, Martin, ed. 2014. Polyelectrolyte Complexes in the Dispersed and Solid State II: Application Aspects. Vol. 256. Advances in Polymer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Loonen, R. C. G. M. 2015. “Bio-Inspired Adaptive Building Skins.” In Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering, edited by Fernando Pacheco Torgal, J. A. Labrincha, M. V. Diamanti, C-P Yu, and H. K. Lee, 115–134. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “The Battery Revolution Is Exciting, But Remember They Pollute Too.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Media Ownership: FCC Should Review the Effects of Broadcaster Agreements on Its Media Policy Goals. GAO-14-558. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, Duc. 2009. “Deus-Ex-Machina: A Modern Skeptic’s Relentless Scrutiny of the Production of Ethics in Post-Colonial Literature and Postcolonialism.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Syndergaard Rethinks Training: Fewer Weights, More Flexibility.” New York Times, July 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2004; Jarvis and Linder 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jarvis and Linder 2000)
  • Three authors: (Sakuda, Hayashi, and Tatsumisago 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Benoff et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Philosophy of Sport
AbbreviationJ. Phil. Sport
ISSN (print)0094-8705
ISSN (online)1543-2939
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)

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