How to format your references using the Journal of the Philosophy of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fiete, Gregory A. 2011. “Physics. How Do You Want That Insulator?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6029): 546–547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hsieh, Jenny, and Jay W. Schneider. 2013. “Neuroscience. Neural Stem Cells, Excited.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6127): 1534–1535.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feinstein, Noah Weeth, Sue Allen, and Edgar Jenkins. 2013. “Outside the Pipeline: Reimagining Science Education for Nonscientists.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6130): 314–317.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mecher, Erwin, Francisco Gallego-Gómez, Hartwig Tillmann, Hans-Heinrich Hörhold, Jan C. Hummelen, and Klaus Meerholz. 2002. “Near-Infrared Sensitivity Enhancement of Photorefractive Polymer Composites by Pre-Illumination.” Nature 418 (6901): 959–964.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stahl, Saul, and Catherine Stenson. 2013. Introduction to Topology and Geometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tobimatsu, Shozo, and Ryusuke Kakigi, eds. 2016. Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography. 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuznetsov, Alexander, and Nickolay Mikheev. 2013. “Electromagnetic Interactions in External Active Media.” In Electroweak Processes in External Active Media, edited by Nickolay Mikheev, 127–173. Springer Tracts in Modern Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Philosophy of Sport.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “This 22-Year-Old’s Idea Has Raised $31 Million To Clean Up Plastic In The Pacific.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. EPA: New Motor Vehicles and New Motor Vehicle Engines Air Pollution Control--Voluntary Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles. OGC-97-45. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denz, Thomas Andrew. 2012. “Performance Evaluation of a Magnetically Enhanced Micro-Cathode Vacuum Arc Thruster.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, Ellen, and Sophia Kishkovsky. 2008. “Russian President Sends Obama Warning on European Missile System.” New York Times, November 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fiete 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fiete 2011; Hsieh and Schneider 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hsieh and Schneider 2013)
  • Three authors: (Feinstein, Allen, and Jenkins 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mecher et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Philosophy of Sport
AbbreviationJ. Phil. Sport
ISSN (print)0094-8705
ISSN (online)1543-2939
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)

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