How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, D. N. (2000). Keeping editors in line. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5479), 550b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gompel, N., & Carroll, S. B. (2003). Genetic mechanisms and constraints governing the evolution of correlated traits in drosophilid flies. Nature, 424(6951), 931–935.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arita, I., Nakane, M., & Fenner, F. (2006). Public health. Is polio eradication realistic? Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5775), 852–854.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hopkins, W. D., Keebaugh, A. C., Reamer, L. A., Schaeffer, J., Schapiro, S. J., & Young, L. J. (2014). Genetic influences on receptive joint attention in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Scientific Reports, 4, 3774.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dean, J. R. (2005). Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy: Dean/Plasma. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chacón Rebollo, T. (2014). Mathematical and Numerical Foundations of Turbulence Models and Applications (R. Lewandowski, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Shah, S., & Sharma, G. (2014). Current Clinical Diagnostic Tests for Asthma. In A. R. Brasier (Ed.), Heterogeneity in Asthma (pp. 75–80). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 28). Motorcyclists Appear To Come Across A “Tribesman” In Indonesian Forest. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Business Systems Modernization: IRS Needs to Better Balance Management Capacity with System Acquisition Workload (GAO-02-356). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins, J. J. (2017). Victor Echo Tango (VET) Support Services Inc [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2014, February 20). Whatever Floats Your Soap. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2000; Gompel & Carroll, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gompel & Carroll, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Arita et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hopkins et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci.
ISSN (print)0002-8231
ISSN (online)2330-1643
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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