How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kröger, N. (2009). Biochemistry. The molecular basis of nacre formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5946), 1351–1352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaffney, K. J., & Chapman, H. N. (2007). Imaging atomic structure and dynamics with ultrafast x-ray scattering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5830), 1444–1448.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön, J. H., Meng, H., & Bao, Z. (2001). Field-effect modulation of the conductance of single molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5549), 2138–2140.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huang, Q., Liu, D., Majewski, P., Schulte, L. C., Korn, J. M., Young, R. A., Lander, E. S., & Hacohen, N. (2001). The plasticity of dendritic cell responses to pathogens and their components. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5543), 870–875.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Démoulin, B., & Besnier, P. (2011). Electromagnetic Reverberation Chambers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fiedler, M. (2006). Linear Optimization Problems with Inexact Data (J. Nedoma, J. Ramík, J. Rohn, & K. Zimmermann, Eds.). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Chow, B. H. (2013). The Virtual-Reality Campuses Project. In Y. Cai (Ed.), 3D Immersive and Interactive Learning (pp. 59–70). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 14). Hovercraft Coming To Market in 2017. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Protest Against NASA Contract for Janitorial Services (B-178747). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Qian, J. (2006). Characterization of Transcription-independent APC Tumor Suppressor Function in Apoptosis [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N., & Kishkovsky, S. (2015, March 31). Russian History Gets a Makeover That Starts With Ivan the Terrible. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kröger, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gaffney & Chapman, 2007; Kröger, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaffney & Chapman, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Schön et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Huang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci.
ISSN (print)0002-8231
ISSN (online)2330-1643
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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