How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. (2000). Northern lobby attacks UK synchrotron siting. Nature, 404(6776), 323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurtz, J., & Franz, K. (2003). Innate defence: evidence for memory in invertebrate immunity. Nature, 425(6953), 37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro, G., Goldsby, D. L., & Tullis, T. E. (2004). Friction falls towards zero in quartz rock as slip velocity approaches seismic rates. Nature, 427(6973), 436–439.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Acosta, I. F., Laparra, H., Romero, S. P., Schmelz, E., Hamberg, M., Mottinger, J. P., … Dellaporta, S. L. (2009). tasselseed1 is a lipoxygenase affecting jasmonic acid signaling in sex determination of maize. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5911), 262–265.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zinkin, J. (2013). Rebuilding Trust in Banks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Fortunato, S., Mangioni, G., Menezes, R., & Nicosia, V. (Eds.). (2009). Complex Networks: Results of the 2009 International Workshop on Complex Networks (CompleNet 2009) (Vol. 207). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Santoro, R. (2011). The Epigenetics of the Nucleolus: Structure and Function of Active and Silent Ribosomal RNA Genes. In M. O. J. Olson (Ed.), The Nucleolus (pp. 57–82). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, April 5). Science May Have Solved Why Taking Deep Breaths Calms You Down. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Maritime Infrastructure: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Effectiveness of Federal Efforts to Support the Marine Transportation System (No. GAO-13-80). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaiser, C. V. (2015). “Maps of the world[s] in its becoming[s]”: Seeking queer potentialities in the post-apocalyptic narrative (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 14). Film Series. New York Times, p. C23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nadis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bottjer, 2012; Szyszka, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kurtz & Franz, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Di Toro, Goldsby, & Tullis, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Evershed et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci.
ISSN (print)0002-8231
ISSN (online)2330-1643
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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