How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, E. (2008). Science careers. Playing well with industry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1548–1551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Showalter, M. R., & Lissauer, J. J. (2006). The second ring-moon system of Uranus: discovery and dynamics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5763), 973–977.
A journal article with 3 authors
Körtner, G., Brigham, R. M., & Geiser, F. (2000). Winter torpor in a large bird. Nature, 407(6802), 318.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sakai, A., Kanno, T., Takahashi, K., Tamaki, H., Kusada, H., Yamada, Y., & Abe, H. (2014). Breaking the trade-off between thermal and electrical conductivities in the thermoelectric material of an artificially tilted multilayer. Scientific Reports, 4, 6089.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes, A. (2013). Extractive Metallurgy 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lippmann, R., Kirda, E., & Trachtenberg, A. (Eds.). (2008). Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection: 11th International Symposium, RAID 2008, Cambridge, MA, USA, September 15-17, 2008. Proceedings (Vol. 5230). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brinkmann, M., Khare, K., & Seemann, R. (2007). Control of Liquids by Surface Energies. In S. Hardt & F. Schönfeld (Eds.), Microfluidic Technologies for Miniaturized Analysis Systems (pp. 157–202). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, February 22). A “Hog Apocalypse” Could Be Heading For Feral Pigs In Texas. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Coast Guard: Clarifying the Application of Guidance for Common Operational Picture Development Would Strengthen Program (GAO-13-321). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yobby, J. (2017). Application of Genetic Algorithm Optimization of Thermodynamic Fluids Designs [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2014, August 17). Taking in the History of a City Shaped by the Sea. New York Times, CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Pain, 2008; Showalter & Lissauer, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Showalter & Lissauer, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Körtner et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sakai et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci.
ISSN (print)0002-8231
ISSN (online)2330-1643
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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