How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkbeiner, A. (2011). JASON past, present, and future: the world’s most independent defence science advisers. Nature, 477(7365), 397–399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Custance, O., & Morita, S. (2008). Materials science. How to move an atom. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5866), 1051–1052.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reyes-Lamothe, R., Sherratt, D. J., & Leake, M. C. (2010). Stoichiometry and architecture of active DNA replication machinery in Escherichia coli. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5977), 498–501.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rahn, T., Eiler, J. M., Boering, K. A., Wennberg, P. O., McCarthy, M. C., Tyler, S., … Atlas, E. (2003). Extreme deuterium enrichment in stratospheric hydrogen and the global atmospheric budget of H2. Nature, 424(6951), 918–921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant, G. (2016). The Water Sensitive City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Enna, S. J., & Möhler, H. (Eds.). (2007). The GABA Receptors (Third Edition). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Daniels, J. A., & Bradley, M. C. (2011). Successfully Resolved Barricaded Captive Events. In M. C. Bradley (Ed.), Preventing Lethal School Violence (pp. 57–70). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 29). British DNA Isn’t Quite As British As You’d Expect. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). [Comments on Claim for Excess Valuation Charge] (No. B-254831). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, J. L. (2015). Shade Tolerance and Physiological Response to Light Regime of the Invasive Species Lonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke, J. (2017, April 15). The Ashes That Got Away. New York Times, p. SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkbeiner, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Custance & Morita, 2008; Finkbeiner, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Custance & Morita, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Reyes-Lamothe, Sherratt, & Leake, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rahn et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci.
ISSN (print)0002-8231
ISSN (online)2330-1643
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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