How to format your references using the Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
John, P.: Applied physics. Toward diamond lasers. Science. 292, 1847–1848 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Britt, R.D., Oyala, P.H.: Biochemistry. One step closer to O₂. Science. 345, 736 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
den Boer, S.P.A., Baer, B., Boomsma, J.J.: Seminal fluid mediates ejaculate competition in social insects. Science. 327, 1506–1509 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kihm, A.J., Kong, Y., Hong, W., Russell, J.E., Rouda, S., Adachi, K., Simon, M.C., Blobel, G.A., Weiss, M.J.: An abundant erythroid protein that stabilizes free alpha-haemoglobin. Nature. 417, 758–763 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buchenau, J.: The Last Caudillo. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Soltakhanov, S.K.: Mechanics of non-holonomic systems: A New Class of control systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Kaufman, M.R., Brown, T.L.: AMPK and Placental Progenitor Cells. In: Cordero, M.D. and Viollet, B. (eds.) AMP-activated Protein Kinase. pp. 73–79. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism.

Blog post
Davis, J.: New Study Reveals What The World Would Look Like If Humans Never Existed,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FTS2001: Transition Challenges Jeopardize Program Goals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwartz, D.A.: Safe Travels? An Examination of the Search and Rescue Policies and Capabilities in the Northwest Passage Region, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J.: Exxon Faults N.Y. Official Over Inquiry, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
AbbreviationJ. Supercond. Nov. Magn.
ISSN (print)1557-1939
ISSN (online)1557-1947
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles