How to format your references using the Journal of Rural Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rural Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Logothetis, N. K. (2010). Bold claims for optogenetics. Nature, 468(7323), E3-4; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tuomisto, H., & Ruokolainen, K. (2012). Comment on “Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6076), 1573; author reply 1573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blöchliger, N., Vitalis, A., & Caflisch, A. (2014). High-resolution visualisation of the states and pathways sampled in molecular dynamics simulations. Scientific Reports, 4, 6264.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Luo, C., Ibanescu, M., Johnson, S. G., & Joannopoulos, J. D. (2003). Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5605), 368–371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramirez, J. (2007). Accounting for Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Meleard, S. (2015). Stochastic Models for Structured Populations: Scaling Limits and Long Time Behavior: Vol. 1.4 (V. Bansaye, Ed.; 1st ed. 2015). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, C. H., & Cho, Y. J. (2007). Framework of a Collaboration-Based Engineering Service System for Mould Industry. In O. Gervasi & M. L. Gavrilova (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2007: International Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 26-29, 2007. Proceedings. Part III (pp. 33–44). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rural Mental Health.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, September 16). Beauty Of The Cosmos Revealed In Stunning Astronomy Photographer Of The Year 2016 Images. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Information Technology Reform: Agencies Need to Increase Their Use of Incremental Development Practices (GAO-16-469). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prasad, A. B. (2010). Analyzing comparative sequence data to understand genome function and evolution [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, September 5). World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Air-Show Officials Face Trial. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Logothetis, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Logothetis, 2010; Tuomisto & Ruokolainen, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tuomisto & Ruokolainen, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Blöchliger et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Luo et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rural Mental Health
AbbreviationRural Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1935-942X
ISSN (online)2163-8969

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