How to format your references using the Journal of Radiology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shear, W. A. (2000). Jane Gray (1929-2000). Nature, 405(6782), 34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frey, P., & Church, M. (2009). Geophysics. How river beds move. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5947), 1509–1510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, S. D., McGinness, K. E., & Sauer, R. T. (2003). Structural biology. A glimpse into tmRNA-mediated ribosome rescue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 72–73.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Buermann, W., Forkel, M., O’Sullivan, M., Sitch, S., Friedlingstein, P., Haverd, V., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Kautz, M., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Tian, H., Wiltshire, A. J., Zhu, D., Smith, W. K., & Richardson, A. D. (2018). Widespread seasonal compensation effects of spring warming on northern plant productivity. Nature, 562(7725), 110–114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Kelly, M., & Ratitch, B. (2014). Clinical Trials with Missing Data. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Smeyers, P., & Depaepe, M. (Eds.). (2006). Educational Research: Why ‘What Works’ Doesn’t Work. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bell, S. (2015). In the Drink: Sunken Aircraft of the Battle of Saipan. In J. F. McKinnon & T. L. Carrell (Eds.), Underwater Archaeology of a Pacific Battlefield: The WWII Battle of Saipan (pp. 49–62). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiology Nursing.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, March 29). New Wave Pattern On The Sun Might Help Us Predict Solar Storms. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Survey of the Activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Weather Service (091303). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stuehling, A. L. (2017). “We Speak ‘Hola’ In School”: A Case Study of Global Education in a Partial-Immersion Spanish Preschool [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. (2014, November 18). President of Colombia Halts Peace Talks With Rebels After General Is Seized. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shear, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Frey & Church, 2009; Shear, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frey & Church, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Moore et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Buermann et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiology Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Radiol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1546-0843
ScopeAdvanced and Specialised Nursing
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles