How to format your references using the Journal of Radiology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beattie, G. A. (2015). Microbiomes: Curating communities from plants. Nature, 528(7582), 340–341.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yan, Z. B., & Liu, J.-M. (2013). Coexistence of high performance resistance and capacitance memory based on multilayered metal-oxide structures. Scientific Reports, 3, 2482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dick, H. J. B., Lin, J., & Schouten, H. (2003). An ultraslow-spreading class of ocean ridge. Nature, 426(6965), 405–412.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Di Toro, G., Hirose, T., Nielsen, S., Pennacchioni, G., & Shimamoto, T. (2006). Natural and experimental evidence of melt lubrication of faults during earthquakes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5761), 647–649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moeller, R. R. (2013). Executive’s Guide to IT Governance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rosa, M. J., Sarrico, C. S., Tavares, O., & Amaral, A. (Eds.). (2016). Cross-Border Higher Education and Quality Assurance: Commerce, the Services Directive and Governing Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Giannone, D., Monti, F., & Reichlin, L. (2010). Incorporating Conjunctural Analysis in Structural Models. In V. Wieland (Ed.), The Science and Practice of Monetary Policy Today: The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics 2007 (pp. 41–57). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiology Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, January 12). The universe has been measured to an incredibly precise one-percent accuracy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Telecommunications: Intelsat Privatization and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act (GAO-04-891). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britt, C. A. (2012). Dying in America: A historical analysis of physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, October 26). Film Series. New York Times, C23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beattie, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Beattie, 2015; Yan & Liu, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yan & Liu, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Dick et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Di Toro et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiology Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Radiol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1546-0843
ScopeAdvanced and Specialised Nursing
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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