How to format your references using the Journal of Radiology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2002). Clearing your own path. Nature, 420(6914), 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrel, L., & Willard, H. F. (2005). X-inactivation profile reveals extensive variability in X-linked gene expression in females. Nature, 434(7031), 400–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berciu, M., Rappoport, T. G., & Jankó, B. (2005). Manipulating spin and charge in magnetic semiconductors using superconducting vortices. Nature, 435(7038), 71–75.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Froy, O., Gotter, A. L., Casselman, A. L., & Reppert, S. M. (2003). Illuminating the circadian clock in monarch butterfly migration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5623), 1303–1305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackford, R. (2012). Freedom of Religion and the Secular State. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Beer, M., Kougioumtzoglou, I. A., Patelli, E., & Au, S.-K. (Eds.). (2015). Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aydogan-Duda, N. (2012). Education, Science and Technology in Developing Countries. In N. Aydogan-Duda (Ed.), Making It to the Forefront: Nanotechnology—A Developing Country Perspective (pp. 35–40). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiology Nursing.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 16). Russia Is Now Hiring Cosmonauts To Go To The Moon In 2031. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Card Reader Pilot Results Are Unreliable; Security Benefits Need to Be Reassessed (No. GAO-13-198). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, A. (2017). Poetry as a Museum (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, September 22). Injuries Gain Attention As Football Feels Pain. New York Times, p. B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Carrel & Willard, 2005; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carrel & Willard, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Berciu, Rappoport, & Jankó, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Froy, Gotter, Casselman, & Reppert, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiology Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Radiol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1546-0843
ScopeAdvanced and Specialised Nursing
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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