How to format your references using the Journal of Radiology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodson, K. E. (2007). Materials science. Ordering up the minimum thermal conductivity of solids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5810), 342–343.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aral, S., & Walker, D. (2012). Identifying influential and susceptible members of social networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6092), 337–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomson, K. S., Sutton, M., & Thomas, B. (2003). A larval Devonian lungfish. Nature, 426(6968), 833–834.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chong, H., Li, P., Wang, S., Fu, F., Xiang, J., Zhu, M., & Li, Y. (2013). Au25 clusters as electron-transfer catalysts induced the intramolecular cascade reaction of 2-nitrobenzonitrile. Scientific Reports, 3, 3214.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kondrashov, A. S. (2017). Crumbling Genome. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Buyya, R., Pathan, M., & Vakali, A. (Eds.). (2008). Content Delivery Networks (Vol. 9). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Remund, J., Klauser, D., & Müller, S. C. (2016). Shortest Term Solar Energy Forecast. In A. Sayigh (Ed.), Renewable Energy in the Service of Mankind Vol II: Selected Topics from the World Renewable Energy Congress WREC 2014 (pp. 35–40). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiology Nursing.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 28). Fossil Skull Suggests Humans and Neanderthals Lived Side by Side in the Middle East. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Difficulties of the Neighborhood Youth Corps In-School Program and Its Management Problems (B-130515). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, S. S. (2013). Professionals’ perceptions of effective interventions with elderly hoarders [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2016, April 24). The Art of the Nest. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Aral & Walker, 2012; Goodson, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aral & Walker, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Thomson et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chong et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiology Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Radiol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1546-0843
ScopeAdvanced and Specialised Nursing
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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