How to format your references using the Journal of Radiology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg, D. S. (2010). A two-year plan for US science. Nature, 467(7317), 781–782.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simon, R., & Stahl, Y. (2006). Botany. Plant cells CLEave their way to differentiation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5788), 773–774.
A journal article with 3 authors
Belevich, I., Verkhovsky, M. I., & Wikström, M. (2006). Proton-coupled electron transfer drives the proton pump of cytochrome c oxidase. Nature, 440(7085), 829–832.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ma, T., Kapustin, E. A., Yin, S. X., Liang, L., Zhou, Z., Niu, J., Li, L.-H., Wang, Y., Su, J., Li, J., Wang, X., Wang, W. D., Wang, W., Sun, J., & Yaghi, O. M. (2018). Single-crystal x-ray diffraction structures of covalent organic frameworks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6397), 48–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gupta, S. K. (2010). Modern Hydrology and Sustainable Water Development. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Carpinteri, A., Mai, Y.-W., & Ritchie, R. O. (Eds.). (2006). Advances in Fracture Research: Honour and Plenary Lectures Presented at the 11th International Conference on Fracture (ICF11), Held in Turin, Italy, on March 20–25, 2005. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Maciocco, G., & Tagliagambe, S. (2009). Projectual Intention and Collective Will. In S. Tagliagambe (Ed.), People and Space: New Forms of Interaction in the City Project (pp. 19–30). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiology Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 20). Quit Sugar, Go Paleo, Embrace ‘Clean Food’: The Power Of Celebrity Nutrition. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Opinion on the Legality of the Scheduled Transfer of Administrative Responsibility for Certain Law Enforcement Education Programs (B-198096). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gatti, D. M. (2010). Genome-wide analysis of transcriptional regulation in the murine liver [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, January 13). Coaches Come and Go, Except JoePa. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenberg, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Greenberg, 2010; Simon & Stahl, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simon & Stahl, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Belevich et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ma et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiology Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Radiol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1546-0843
ScopeAdvanced and Specialised Nursing
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles