How to format your references using the Journal of Radiology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregory, R. L. (2001). Perceptions of knowledge. Nature, 410(6824), 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moerchen, M., & Coontz, R. (2015). General relativity. Einstein’s vision. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6226), 1082–1083.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hejazi, V., Sobolev, K., & Nosonovsky, M. (2013). From superhydrophobicity to icephobicity: forces and interaction analysis. Scientific Reports, 3, 2194.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kee, K., Angeles, V. T., Flores, M., Nguyen, H. N., & Reijo Pera, R. A. (2009). Human DAZL, DAZ and BOULE genes modulate primordial germ-cell and haploid gamete formation. Nature, 462(7270), 222–225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barkham, R. (2012). Real Estate and Globalisation. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Beneyto, J. M., & Kennedy, D. (Eds.). (2013). New Approaches to International Law: The European and the American Experiences. T. M. C. Asser Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Smyth, P. (2006). Data-Driven Discovery Using Probabilistic Hidden Variable Models. In J. L. Balcázar, P. M. Long, & F. Stephan (Eds.), Algorithmic Learning Theory: 17th International Conference, ALT 2006, Barcelona, Spain, October 7-10, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 28–28). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiology Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 29). Petition For ‘Man Eating’ Tiger Relocation Dismissed By Court. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Tax Administration: Achieving Business and Technical Goals In Tax Systems Modernization (T-GGD-93-24). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holman, R. (2014). Music history pedagogy: Three approaches to teaching a one-semester music history survey course in accordance with the LEAP Initiative [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, August 31). Hot for a Dairy Queen Sign. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gregory, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gregory, 2001; Moerchen & Coontz, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moerchen & Coontz, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Hejazi et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kee et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiology Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Radiol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1546-0843
ScopeAdvanced and Specialised Nursing
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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