How to format your references using the Journal of Radiology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ostrom, E. (2009). A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5939), 419–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nilsson, J., & Payne, D. N. (2011). Physics. High-power fiber lasers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6032), 921–922.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vendrasco, M. J., Wood, T. E., & Runnegar, B. N. (2004). Articulated Palaeozoic fossil with 17 plates greatly expands disparity of early chitons. Nature, 429(6989), 288–291.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, X., Harris, R. E., Bayston, L. J., & Ashe, H. L. (2008). Type IV collagens regulate BMP signalling in Drosophila. Nature, 455(7209), 72–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Luther, G. W., III. (2016). Inorganic Chemistry for Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
de Souza, W. (Ed.). (2010). Structures and Organelles in Pathogenic Protists. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Holden, G. W., & Ashraf, R. (2016). Children’s Right to Safety: The Problem of Corporal Punishment in Pakistan. In S. Deb (Ed.), Child Safety, Welfare and Well-being: Issues and Challenges (pp. 59–74). New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiology Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, December 17). New species of tapir discovered in South America. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Meeting the Aging Aircraft Challenge: Status and Opportunities (No. T-RCED-89-67). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gallegos, C. M. (2009). Shelter services for homeless older adults: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnard, A., & Kirkpatrick, D. D. (2017, June 5). 5 Arab Nations Put U.S. in Jam As They Move to Isolate Qatar. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ostrom, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Nilsson & Payne, 2011; Ostrom, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nilsson & Payne, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Vendrasco, Wood, & Runnegar, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang, Harris, Bayston, & Ashe, 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiology Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Radiol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1546-0843
ScopeAdvanced and Specialised Nursing
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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