How to format your references using the Journal of Radiology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson, D. (2000). Mathematicians chase the seven million-dollar proofs. Nature, 405(6785), 383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smetacek, V., & Cloern, J. E. (2008). Oceans. On phytoplankton trends. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5868), 1346–1348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Min, S.-K., Zhang, X., & Zwiers, F. (2008). Human-induced Arctic moistening. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5875), 518–520.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Butovskaya, M. L., Vasilyev, V. A., Lazebny, O. E., Suchodolskaya, E. M., Shibalev, D. V., Kulikov, A. M., … Ryskov, A. P. (2013). Aggression and polymorphisms in AR, DAT1, DRD2, and COMT genes in Datoga pastoralists of Tanzania. Scientific Reports, 3, 3148.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gottlieb, I. (2009). Next Generation Excel. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Agrawal, A. (Ed.). (2014). Patient Safety: A Case-Based Comprehensive Guide. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fischer, H., Nebe, K., & Klompmaker, F. (2011). A Holistic Model for Integrating Usability Engineering and Software Engineering Enriched with Marketing Activities. In M. Kurosu (Ed.), Human Centered Design: Second International Conference, HCD 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 28–37). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiology Nursing.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, February 16). Earth Has A Brand-New Continent Called Zealandia, And It’s Been Hiding In Plain Sight For Ages. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Education and Employment Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1996-98 (No. IAP-96-19). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newberry, G. C. (2014). Students’ experiences with simulation education (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., Eder, S., & Krupnick, M. (2014, October 2). In Death of L.I. High School Player, Perils of a Sport Reverberate. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gutmann, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hoogland, 2013; Marx, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smetacek & Cloern, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Min, Zhang, & Zwiers, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bonnet-Mercier et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiology Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Radiol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1546-0843
ScopeAdvanced and Specialised Nursing
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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