How to format your references using the Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Balter M. Cancer research. Transatlantic war over BRCA1 patent. Science. 2001;292(5523):1818.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Strong M, Church G. Gem of an idea for a unique machine. Nature. 2007;447(7140):112.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hirata A, Klein BJ, Murakami KS. The X-ray crystal structure of RNA polymerase from Archaea. Nature. 2008;451(7180):851-854.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Sharpe J, Ahlgren U, Perry P, et al. Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies. Science. 2002;296(5567):541-545.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cruz MG, Peters GW, Shevchenko PV. Fundamental Aspects of Operational Risk and Insurance Analytics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Palsberg J, Su Z, eds. Static Analysis: 16th International Symposium, SAS 2009, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 9-11, 2009. Proceedings. Vol 5673. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Skadiņa I, Veisbergs A, Vasiļjevs A, Gornostaja T, Keiša I, Rudzīte A. Par META-NET. In: Rehm G, Uszkoreit H, eds. The Latvian Language in the Digital Age. White Paper Series. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:39-39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Three 16 Year Old Girls Win Top Prize At Google Science Fair For Agricultural Research. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/google-science-fair-winners-announced/. Published September 25, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Weather Satellites: Action Needed to Resolve Status of the U.S. Geostationary Satellite Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Benware A. The Roles of Teaching Experience and Authoritative Classroom Management Style on Student Discipline. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stewart JB. Social Investing Entices Converts. New York Times. April 13, 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Perianesth. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1089-9472
ScopeMedical–Surgical

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