How to format your references using the Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zewail AH. Four-dimensional electron microscopy. Science. 2010;328(5975):187-193.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kambe T, Oshima K. Dynamically fluctuating electric dipole moments in fullerene-based magnets. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6419.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Runnels LW, Yue L, Clapham DE. TRP-PLIK, a bifunctional protein with kinase and ion channel activities. Science. 2001;291(5506):1043-1047.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Maizel A, Busch MA, Tanahashi T, et al. The floral regulator LEAFY evolves by substitutions in the DNA binding domain. Science. 2005;308(5719):260-263.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Remy J-G, Letamendia C. LTE Standards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Srinivasan V, Brzezinski A, Oter S, Shillcutt SD, eds. Melatonin and Melatonergic Drugs in Clinical Practice. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Andrew P, Montenero AS. Cryocatheter Ablation for Atrial Flutter. In: Gulizia MM, ed. Current News in Cardiology: Proceedings of the Mediterranean Cardiology Meeting (Taormina, May 20–22, 2007). Milano: Springer; 2007:29-40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Abuse Of Carbon Credit Scheme Might Have Increased Carbon Emissions By 600 Million Tonnes. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/abuse-carbon-credit-scheme-might-have-increased-carbon-emissions-600-million-tonnes/. Published August 25, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Working Comfortably With Video Display Terminals. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cummins K. A Mixed Methods Study on The Leader in Me Process: How Does Fostering Student Leadership Capacity Influence Behavior, Efficacy, and Achievement? 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rojas R. Brooklyn Heroin Ring Shut Down, Officials Say; 25 Are Charged. New York Times. September 18, 2015:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Perianesth. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1089-9472
ScopeMedical–Surgical

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