How to format your references using the Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stevenson DJ. A planetary perspective on the deep Earth. Nature. 2008;451(7176):261-265.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Oncescu V, Erickson D. High volumetric power density, non-enzymatic, glucose fuel cells. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1226.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Makino DL, Baumgärtner M, Conti E. Crystal structure of an RNA-bound 11-subunit eukaryotic exosome complex. Nature. 2013;495(7439):70-75.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kim DJ, Thomas S, Grant T, Botimer J, Fisk Z, Xia J. Surface hall effect and nonlocal transport in SmB₆: evidence for surface conduction. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Huddleston R. Android® Fully Loaded. Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Anne Bollwerk E, Tushingham S, eds. Perspectives on the Archaeology of Pipes, Tobacco and Other Smoke Plants in the Ancient Americas. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bernardi C, Auriault C, Bourrilhon M, Maruzewski P. Numerical Modeling: A Tool for the Decision-Making Process. In: Gourbesville P, Cunge J, Caignaert G, eds. Advances in Hydroinformatics: SIMHYDRO 2012 – New Frontiers of Simulation. Springer; 2014:47-64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Where Is All The “Missing” Carbon Going? IFLScience. Published July 30, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/deserts-carbon-sinks-come/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Assistance Provided for the Construction of Higher Education Academic Facilities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Solano EA. Hindemith’s Sonata for Viola, ope 11, no.4 A compositional and historical perspective. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. A Star With a Smile, Forever Kid. New York Times. February 17, 2012:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Perianesth. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1089-9472
ScopeMedical–Surgical

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