How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Going green: Ireland. Nature. 2002 Mar 21;416(6878):4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Srinivasan K, Painter O. Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdisk-quantum dot system. Nature. 2007 Dec 6;450(7171):862–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Czaplicka A, Holyst JA, Sloot PMA. Noise enhances information transfer in hierarchical networks. Sci Rep. 2013 Feb 6;3:1223.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pawelek PD, Croteau N, Ng-Thow-Hing C, Khursigara CM, Moiseeva N, Allaire M, et al. Structure of TonB in complex with FhuA, E. coli outer membrane receptor. Science. 2006 Jun 2;312(5778):1399–402.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seifert RJ. Profiting from Weekly Options. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Piscitelli SC, Rodvold KA, editors. Drug Interactions in Infectious Diseases. Second Edition. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2005. X, 534 p. 3 illus. (Infectious Disease).
A chapter in an edited book
Lee C-F, Lee J, Chang J-R, Tai T. Numerical Summary Measures on Rate of Returns of Amazon, Walmart, and the S&P 500. In: Lee J, Chang J-R, Tai T, editors. Essentials of Excel, Excel VBA, SAS and Minitab for Statistical and Financial Analyses. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 75–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences.

Blog post
Davis J. Evidence Of Some Of South America’s Earliest Modern Humans Found Under Pyramid In Peru [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Determination of the Best Qualified Sites for DOE’s Super Collider. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jan. Report No.: RCED-89-18.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tickner A. Production and consumption at the hillfort site of Mont Dardon, France: An archeobotanical analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kulish N, Clark N. Warning Signs in the Mind of a Pilot Determined to Die. New York Times. 2015 Apr 18;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1817-1745
ISSN (online)1998-3948
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
General Neuroscience

Other styles