How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hurst JK. Chemistry. In pursuit of water oxidation catalysts for solar fuel production. Science. 2010 Apr 16;328(5976):315–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levine B, Elazar Z. Development. Inheriting maternal mtDNA. Science. 2011 Nov 25;334(6059):1069–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
Downs JA, Lowndes NF, Jackson SP. A role for Saccharomyces cerevisiae histone H2A in DNA repair. Nature. 2000;408(6815):1001–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jackson RB, Jobbágy EG, Avissar R, Roy SB, Barrett DJ, Cook CW, et al. Trading water for carbon with biological carbon sequestration. Science. 2005 Dec 23;310(5756):1944–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young SD. Psychology at the Movies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Zajda J, Daun H, editors. Global Values Education: Teaching Democracy and Peace. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. XXIII, 162 p. (Globalisation, Comparative Education and Policy Research; vol. 7).
A chapter in an edited book
Neumann KH, Imani J, Kumar A. Protoplast Cultures. In: Kumar A, Neumann KH, editors. Plant Cell and Tissue Culture - A Tool in Biotechnology: Basics and Application. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 51–60. (Principles and Practice).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences.

Blog post
Andrews R. One Year On From Pioneering Face Transplant, Patient Says Surgery Has “Given Me Back My Life” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Incorporation of Existing Data Into EOSDIS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-92-79.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Porter LA. Defense Support of Civilian Authorities (DSCA): What emergency managers need to know [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Settled in the City, But Still in a Hurry Every Weekend. New York Times. 2010 Sep 16;B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1817-1745
ISSN (online)1998-3948
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
General Neuroscience

Other styles