How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Baker PA. Paleoclimate. Trans-Atlantic climate connections. Science. 2002 Apr 5;296(5565):67–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Surani A, Smith J. Obituary: Anne McLaren (1927-2007). Nature. 2007 Aug 16;448(7155):764–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Iborra FJ, Jackson DA, Cook PR. Coupled transcription and translation within nuclei of mammalian cells. Science. 2001 Aug 10;293(5532):1139–42.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Qi J, Asano T, Jinno M, Matsui K, Atsumi K, Sakagami Y, et al. Characterization of a Phytophthora mating hormone. Science. 2005 Sep 16;309(5742):1828.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chin WC. Wave Propagation in Drilling, Well Logging and Reservoir Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Stützle T, editor. Learning and Intelligent Optimization: Third International Conference, LION 3, Trento, Italy, January 14-18, 2009. Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. XII, 273 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5851).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ferrario B. Uniqueness and Absolute Continuity for Semilinear SPDE’s. In: Dalang RC, Dozzi M, Russo F, editors. Seminar on Stochastic Analysis, Random Fields and Applications VII: Centro Stefano Franscini, Ascona, May 2011. Basel: Springer; 2013. p. 85–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Jupiter’s Great Red Spot Is Shrinking [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/jupiters-great-red-spot-shrinking/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Financial Market Preparedness: Improvements Made, but More Action Needed to Prepare for Wide-Scale Disasters. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Sep. Report No.: GAO-04-984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McNamee L. Best Practices in Higher Education Faculty Motivation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Vasily Aksyonov, 76, Exiled Soviet Writer. New York Times. 2009 Jul 8;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1817-1745
ISSN (online)1998-3948
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
General Neuroscience

Other styles