How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Coping with the inevitable. Nature. 2004 Aug 26;430(7003):1063.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mattaini KR, Vander Heiden MG. Cancer. Glycosylation to adapt to stress. Science. 2012 Aug 24;337(6097):925–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bosch R, van de Pol M, Philp J. Policy: Define biomass sustainability. Nature. 2015 Jul 30;523(7562):526–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Burgert R, Schnöckel H, Grubisic A, Li X, Stokes ST, Bowen KH, et al. Spin conservation accounts for aluminum cluster anion reactivity pattern with O2. Science. 2008 Jan 25;319(5862):438–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroese DP, Taimre T, Botev ZI, Rubinstein RY. Simulation and the Monte Carlo Method: Solutions Manual to Accompany. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007. (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics).
An edited book
Xu J. Fuzzy-Like Multiple Objective Decision Making. Zhou X, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XXI, 440 p. (Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing; vol. 263).
A chapter in an edited book
Glattfelder AH, Schaufelberger W. Design and Analysis of Override Control for Exponentially Unstable Systems with Input Saturations. In: Tarbouriech S, Garcia G, Glattfelder AH, editors. Advanced Strategies in Control Systems with Input and Output Constraints. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 91–120. (Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences.

Blog post
Hale T. New Radar Scan Says Tutankhamun’s Tomb Has No Hidden Chamber [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of Department of Education FY 1980 Interagency Fund Transfer Agreements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Dec. Report No.: AFMD-82-19.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leung R. The Effect of Mission Assurance on ELV Launch Success Rate: An Analysis of Two Management Systems for Launch Vehicles [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Morgan PL, Farkas G. Is Special Education Racist? New York Times. 2015 Jun 24;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1817-1745
ISSN (online)1998-3948
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
General Neuroscience

Other styles