How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Boylan-Kolchin M. Cosmology: A virtual Universe. Nature. 2014 May 8;509(7499):170–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gaillardet J, Galy A. Atmospheric science. Himalaya--carbon sink or source? Science. 2008 Jun 27;320(5884):1727–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Giovannoni S, Temperton B, Zhao Y. Giovannoni et al. reply. Nature. 2013 Jul 25;499(7459):E4-5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Faxén K, Gilderson G, Adelroth P, Brzezinski P. A mechanistic principle for proton pumping by cytochrome c oxidase. Nature. 2005 Sep 8;437(7056):286–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shook JR. The God Debates. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Kumar S. Concrete Fracture Models and Applications. Barai SV, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XXII, 262 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kurth W, Kniemeyer O, Buck-Sorlin G. Relational Growth Grammars – A Graph Rewriting Approach to Dynamical Systems with a Dynamical Structure. In: Banâtre JP, Fradet P, Giavitto JL, Michel O, editors. Unconventional Programming Paradigms: International Workshop UPP 2004, Le Mont Saint Michel, France, September 15-17, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 56–72. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Breast Cancer Risk Increases With Disrupted Sleep Cycles [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/breast-cancer-risk-increases-disrupted-sleep-cycles/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Progress Mixed In Addressing Critical Success Factors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: T-IMTEC-92-13.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pepper I. On the Difference between Serialism and Seriality [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. On Field or Film, Nothing Gets by Him. New York Times. 2016 Nov 30;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1817-1745
ISSN (online)1998-3948
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
General Neuroscience

Other styles