How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mank JE. Evolution. Sexual selection and Darwin’s mystery of mysteries. Science. 2009 Dec 18;326(5960):1639–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yin J, Boyce MC. Materials science: Unique wrinkles as identity tags. Nature. 2015 Apr 9;520(7546):164–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Muraoka T, Kinbara K, Aida T. Mechanical twisting of a guest by a photoresponsive host. Nature. 2006 Mar 23;440(7083):512–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu X, Jung H-G, Kim S-O, Choi H-S, Lee S, Moon JH, et al. Silicon/copper dome-patterned electrodes for high-performance hybrid supercapacitors. Sci Rep. 2013 Dec 2;3:3183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandou G. Metaheuristic Optimization for the Design of Automatic Control Laws. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Amunts K, Grandinetti L, Lippert T, Petkov N, editors. Brain-Inspired Computing: Second International Workshop, BrainComp 2015, Cetraro, Italy, July 6-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. X, 195 p. 47 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 10087).
A chapter in an edited book
De Cecco CN, Wichmann JL, Muscogiuri G, Hardie A, Laghi A. Dual Energy CT in Liver Tumors. In: De Cecco CN, Laghi A, Schoepf UJ, Meinel FG, editors. Dual Energy CT in Oncology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences.

Blog post
Luntz S. New Evidence Suggests Earth Has Vast Subterranean Oceans [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Market Preparedness: Significant Progress Has Been Made, but Pandemic Planning and Other Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Mar. Report No.: GAO-07-399.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ivy R. Regional Subsurface Investigation of the Uppermost Cretaceous of Northern Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Moscow: Art For Sale. New York Times. 2004 Jun 2;E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1817-1745
ISSN (online)1998-3948
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
General Neuroscience

Other styles