How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldstein RH. Paleoenvironment. Clues from fluid inclusions. Science. 2001 Nov 2;294(5544):1009–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
le Noble F, le Noble J. Bone biology: Vessels of rejuvenation. Nature. 2014 Mar 20;507(7492):313–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai J, Virovets AV, Scheer M. Synthesis of inorganic fullerene-like molecules. Science. 2003 May 2;300(5620):781–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mauk BH, Clarke JT, Grodent D, Waite JH Jr, Paranicas CP, Williams DJ. Transient aurora on Jupiter from injections of magnetospheric electrons. Nature. 2002 Feb 28;415(6875):1003–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ziska LH, Dukes JS. Weed Biology and Climate Change. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Spoor M, editor. Globalisation, Poverty and Conflict: A Critical “Development” Reader. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. XXVI, 340 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Moens G, Trone J. Commercial Law and Policy. In: Trone J, editor. Commercial Law of the European Union. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 149–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Watch Live As NASA Makes A Major Exoplanet Announcement Today. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Government Vehicles: Officials Now Rarely Receive Unauthorized Home-to-work Transportation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Mar. Report No.: GGD-91-27.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waidelich LA. Identifying Leadership Potential: The Process of Principals within a Charter School Network [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Coates to Write for Marvel. New York Times. 2015 Sep 23;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1817-1745
ISSN (online)1998-3948
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
General Neuroscience

Other styles