How to format your references using the Journal of New Music Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of New Music Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. (2000). Cambridge seeks Pound Sterling 1.6 million to buy Newton’s papers. Nature, 406(6799), 924.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tuomisto, H., & Ruokolainen, K. (2012). Comment on “Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6076), 1573; author reply 1573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg, V. C., Panthani, M. G., & Korgel, B. A. (2009). Phase transitions, melting dynamics, and solid-state diffusion in a nano test tube. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5951), 405–407.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tomofuji, T., Kawabata, Y., Kasuyama, K., Endo, Y., Yoneda, T., Yamane, M., Azuma, T., Ekuni, D., & Morita, M. (2014). Effects of hydrogen-rich water on aging periodontal tissues in rats. Scientific Reports, 4, 5534.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zito, R. (2011). Electrochemical Water Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Furniss, T., Shayler, D. J., & Shayler, M. D. (Eds.). (2007). Praxis Manned Spaceflight Log 1961–2006. Praxis.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Y., & Guo, D. (2015). Over-Determined and Under-Determined Systems of Time-Varying Linear Equations. In D. Guo (Ed.), Zhang Functions and Various Models (pp. 61–73). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of New Music Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 26). Stunning Simulations Reveal Secrets Of Hummingbird Flight. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Automated Systems: Legislative Branch’s Efforts in Sharing Payroll/Personnel Systems (IMTEC-90-20). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryan, D. (2015). Facilitators or impediments to college readiness [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2016, November 7). Older Bonobos Could Sure Use Some Glasses. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder, 2000; Tuomisto & Ruokolainen, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tuomisto & Ruokolainen, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Holmberg et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tomofuji et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of New Music Research
AbbreviationJ. New Music Res.
ISSN (print)0929-8215
ISSN (online)1744-5027
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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