How to format your references using the Journal of New Music Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of New Music Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yoder, A. D. (2013). Evolution. Fossils versus clocks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6120), 656–658.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hines, P. J., & Marx, J. (2001). The endless race between plant and pathogen. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5525), 2269.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gwynne, D. T., Judge, K. A., & Kelly, C. D. (2010). Evidence for male allocation in pipefish? Nature, 466(7310), E11; discussion E12.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gao, F., Wei, Z., An, W., Wang, K., & Lu, W. (2013). The interactomes of POU5F1 and SOX2 enhancers in human embryonic stem cells. Scientific Reports, 3, 1588.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacClancy, J. (2013). Anthropology in the Public Arena. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Murphy, M. P., & Dukelow, F. (Eds.). (2016). The Irish Welfare State in the Twenty-First Century: Challenges and Change. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Paoli, L., & Donati, A. (2014). Distribution Chains and Market Relationships. In A. Donati (Ed.), The Sports Doping Market: Understanding Supply and Demand, and the Challenges of Their Control (pp. 85–106). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of New Music Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, March 1). Planets Might Be Forming Thanks To Dust Traps. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Transportation Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1998-2000 (IAP-97-15). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nikolova, S. (2010). Health insurance transitions of SCHIP-eligible children in response to higher public premiums [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012, June 28). A Light in Captivity, and a Subject for Writing. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yoder, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hines & Marx, 2001; Yoder, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hines & Marx, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Gwynne et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of New Music Research
AbbreviationJ. New Music Res.
ISSN (print)0929-8215
ISSN (online)1744-5027
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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