How to format your references using the Journal of New Music Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of New Music Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ni, X. (2015). China’s research & development spend. Nature, 520(7549), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, H., & Glorius, F. (2012). Chemistry. Lending handedness to the cyclopentadienyl ligand. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6106), 479–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirn, T. J., Jude, B. A., & Taylor, R. K. (2005). A colonization factor links Vibrio cholerae environmental survival and human infection. Nature, 438(7069), 863–866.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gorthi, A., Romero, J. C., Loranc, E., Cao, L., Lawrence, L. A., Goodale, E., Iniguez, A. B., Bernard, X., Masamsetti, V. P., Roston, S., Lawlor, E. R., Toretsky, J. A., Stegmaier, K., Lessnick, S. L., Chen, Y., & Bishop, A. J. R. (2018). EWS-FLI1 increases transcription to cause R-loops and block BRCA1 repair in Ewing sarcoma. Nature, 555(7696), 387–391.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lacaze, P. C., & Lacroix, J.-C. (2014). Non-Volatile Memories. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ahmad, P., Azooz, M. M., & Prasad, M. N. V. (Eds.). (2013). Salt Stress in Plants: Signalling, Omics and Adaptations. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sánchez, D. D., Lopez, A. M., & Mendoza, F. A. (2006). A Smart Card Solution for Access Control and Trust Management for Nomadic Users. In J. Domingo-Ferrer, J. Posegga, & D. Schreckling (Eds.), Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications: 7th IFIP WG 8.8/11.2 International Conference, CARDIS 2006, Tarragona, Spain, April 19-21, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 62–77). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of New Music Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, June 5). Moving Beyond Pro/Con Debates Over Genetically Engineered Crops. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan] (B-256497). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beattie, L. J. (2013). Meeting the Needs of Low Income Students [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, B. M. (2017, September 12). The Scramblin’ Kids of Harlem. New York Times, D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ni, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ni, 2015; Wang & Glorius, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Glorius, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Kirn et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gorthi et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of New Music Research
AbbreviationJ. New Music Res.
ISSN (print)0929-8215
ISSN (online)1744-5027
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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