How to format your references using the Journal of New Music Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of New Music Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg, D. S. (2010). A two-year plan for US science. Nature, 467(7317), 781–782.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, L., & Stegman, D. R. (2012). Origin of Columbia River flood basalt controlled by propagating rupture of the Farallon slab. Nature, 482(7385), 386–389.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moynier, F., Yin, Q.-Z., & Schauble, E. (2011). Isotopic evidence of Cr partitioning into Earth’s core. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6023), 1417–1420.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wernet, M. F., Mazzoni, E. O., Çelik, A., Duncan, D. M., Duncan, I., & Desplan, C. (2006). Stochastic spineless expression creates the retinal mosaic for colour vision. Nature, 440(7081), 174–180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zlokarnik, M. (2005). Scale-up. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Fitzpatrick, T. R. (Ed.). (2016). Treating Vulnerable Populations of Cancer Survivors: A Biopsychosocial Approach. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ali, S., Guo, X., Karri, R., & Mukhopadhyay, D. (2016). Fault Attacks on AES and Their Countermeasures. In C.-H. Chang & M. Potkonjak (Eds.), Secure System Design and Trustable Computing (pp. 163–208). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of New Music Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, January 17). Shark Study Reveals Taste Buds Were Key To Evolution Of Teeth. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Space Shuttle: NASA Should Implement Independent Oversight of Software Development (No. IMTEC-91-20). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kalavacherla, R. S. (2017). DFT study of the improved performance of oxygen reduction reaction on gold-copper alloy in a PEM fuel cell (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, January 22). The President’s Prime Time. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenberg, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Greenberg, 2010; Liu & Stegman, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Stegman, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Moynier, Yin, & Schauble, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wernet et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of New Music Research
AbbreviationJ. New Music Res.
ISSN (print)0929-8215
ISSN (online)1744-5027
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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