How to format your references using the Journal of New Music Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of New Music Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claussen, M. (2004). Astronomy. Astronomical masers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5694), 235–236.
A journal article with 2 authors
Legler, B., & Moore, G. (2000). East German academics faced unfair hurdles. Nature, 403(6766), 130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ochman, H., Lawrence, J. G., & Groisman, E. A. (2000). Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation. Nature, 405(6784), 299–304.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Edery, P., Marcaillou, C., Sahbatou, M., Labalme, A., Chastang, J., Touraine, R., Tubacher, E., Senni, F., Bober, M. B., Nampoothiri, S., Jouk, P.-S., Steichen, E., Berland, S., Toutain, A., Wise, C. A., Sanlaville, D., Rousseau, F., Clerget-Darpoux, F., & Leutenegger, A.-L. (2011). Association of TALS developmental disorder with defect in minor splicing component U4atac snRNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6026), 240–243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvapulle, M. J., & Sen, P. K. (2001). Constrained Statistical Inference: Inequality, Order, and Shape Restrictions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tangpricha, V. (Ed.). (2016). Vitamin D: A Clinical Casebook (1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sato, S., & Andersen, S. U. (2014). Genome Sequencing. In S. Tabata & J. Stougaard (Eds.), The Lotus japonicus Genome (pp. 35–40). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of New Music Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, January 12). Huge Asteroid To Pass By Earth On Monday. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Traffic Management: Federal Policies to Encourage Low-Cost Approaches Need to Be Strengthened (PEMD-91-26BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, Y. I. (2008). Essays on Volatility Risk, Asset Returns and Consumption-Based Asset Pricing [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, April 9). House Bill on Puerto Rico Debt Near Completion. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Claussen, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Claussen, 2004; Legler & Moore, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Legler & Moore, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Ochman et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Edery et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of New Music Research
AbbreviationJ. New Music Res.
ISSN (print)0929-8215
ISSN (online)1744-5027
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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