How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tobie, G., 2015. Planetary science: Enceladus’ hot springs. Nature 519, 162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Linkenhoker, B.A., Knudsen, E.I., 2002. Incremental training increases the plasticity of the auditory space map in adult barn owls. Nature 419, 293–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
Szostak, J.W., Bartel, D.P., Luisi, P.L., 2001. Synthesizing life. Nature 409, 387–390.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petford, N., Cruden, A.R., McCaffrey, K.J., Vigneresse, J.L., 2000. Granite magma formation, transport and emplacement in the Earth’s crust. Nature 408, 669–673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kubicek, C.P., 2012. Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Seiffert, U., Jain, L.C., Schweizer, P. (Eds.), 2005. Bioinformatics Using Computational Intelligence Paradigms, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Boissier, O., Hübner, J.F., Sichman, J.S., 2007. Organization Oriented Programming: From Closed to Open Organizations, in: O’Hare, G.M.P., Ricci, A., O’Grady, M.J., Dikenelli, O. (Eds.), Engineering Societies in the Agents World VII: 7th International Workshop, ESAW 2006 Dublin, Ireland, September 6-8, 2006 Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 86–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience Methods.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Myanmar Puts The Management Of Three Marine Reserves Into The Hands Of Local Communities [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Restructuring of the District of Columbia Department of Public Works’ Division of Transportation (No. GAO-01-347R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perry, E.M., 2010. Live and let live: Negotiating difference in a diverse urban neighborhood (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2010. As Payouts Rise, New Tactics By the U.S. Pension Insurer. New York Times B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tobie, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Linkenhoker and Knudsen, 2002; Tobie, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Linkenhoker and Knudsen, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Petford et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience Methods
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Methods
ISSN (print)0165-0270
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

Other styles