How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D., 2003. Look, no hands. Nature 424, 583.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arimoto, T., Sato, Y., 2012. Science and society. Rebuilding public trust in science for policy-making. Science 337, 1176–1177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Manoharan, V.N., Elsesser, M.T., Pine, D.J., 2003. Dense packing and symmetry in small clusters of microspheres. Science 301, 483–487.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hwang, E.S., Szabo, S.J., Schwartzberg, P.L., Glimcher, L.H., 2005. T helper cell fate specified by kinase-mediated interaction of T-bet with GATA-3. Science 307, 430–433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hillis, D.R., Duvall, J.B., 2012. Improving Profitability through Green Manufacturing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Whitacre, D.M. (Ed.), 2014. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 232, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Continuation of Residue Reviews. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodríguez, A., Selga, J., Martín, F., Boria, V.E., 2013. Practical Application of Space Mapping Techniques to the Synthesis of CSRR-Based Artificial Transmission Lines, in: Koziel, S., Leifsson, L. (Eds.), Surrogate-Based Modeling and Optimization: Applications in Engineering. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 81–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience Methods.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Russian Scientists Are Trapped By Polar Bears On A Remote Siberian Island [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Federal Communications Commission: Strategic Focus Needed to Improve Information Resources Management (No. IMTEC-90-52). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fetterolf-Klein, S., 2015. Teacher leadership practices, supports and challenges in implementation of the common core high school math standards (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2014. No Smoke, No Mirrors: The Dutch Pension Plan. New York Times BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Arimoto and Sato, 2012; Gershon, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arimoto and Sato, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hwang et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience Methods
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Methods
ISSN (print)0165-0270
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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