How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lévy-Leblond, J.M., 2001. Science’s fiction. Nature 413, 573.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nogueiras, R., Tschöp, M., 2005. Biomedicine. Separation of conjoined hormones yields appetite rivals. Science 310, 985–986.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mellman, I., Coukos, G., Dranoff, G., 2011. Cancer immunotherapy comes of age. Nature 480, 480–489.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guo, X., Jin, M., Yang, M., Liu, K., Li, J.-W., 2013. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and the risk of hepatitis C virus infection: a systematic review. Sci. Rep. 3, 2981.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zito, R., 2011. Electrochemical Water Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Liu, J., Alippi, C., Bouchon-Meunier, B., Greenwood, G.W., Abbass, H.A. (Eds.), 2012. Advances in Computational Intelligence: IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2012, Brisbane, Australia, June 10-15, 2012. Plenary/Invited Lectures, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, S., Lv, F., 2013. Drug Screening Applications of Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes, in: Lv, F. (Ed.), Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes: Design and Biomedical Applications, SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience Methods.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Physicists Develop Reversible Laser Tractor Beam Functional Over Long Distances [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. [Aging Issues in the 1980’s: A Computerized Information System] (No. 121285). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gnoinska, M.K., 2010. Poland and the Cold War in East and Southeast Asia, 1949-1965 (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hamilton, J.M., Kosar, K.R., 2016. All the President’s Propaganda. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lévy-Leblond, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lévy-Leblond, 2001; Nogueiras and Tschöp, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nogueiras and Tschöp, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience Methods
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Methods
ISSN (print)0165-0270
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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