How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harra, L.K., 2014. Astronomy. Looking closer at the Sun. Science 346, 305–306.
A journal article with 2 authors
Braine, J., Herpin, F., 2004. Molecular hydrogen beyond the optical edge of an isolated spiral galaxy. Nature 432, 369–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCloskey, J., Nalbant, S.S., Steacy, S., 2005. Indonesian earthquake: earthquake risk from co-seismic stress. Nature 434, 291.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hakimi, M.-A., Bochar, D.A., Schmiesing, J.A., Dong, Y., Barak, O.G., Speicher, D.W., Yokomori, K., Shiekhattar, R., 2002. A chromatin remodelling complex that loads cohesin onto human chromosomes. Nature 418, 994–998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Killops, S., Killops, V., 2004. Introduction to Organic Geochemistry. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden, MA USA.
An edited book
Gruca, D.A., Czachórski, T., Kozielski, S. (Eds.), 2014. Man-Machine Interactions 3, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Achenbach, T.M., 2014. Developmental, Quantitative, and Multicultural Assessment of Psychopathology, in: Lewis, M., Rudolph, K.D. (Eds.), Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience Methods.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Subway’s “Chicken” Contains Just 50 Percent Chicken DNA, Says Investigation [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. Expenditure of Federal Funds by Timberlane Regional High School District, New Hampshire (No. B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Osifalujo, A., 2015. Code-switching in Working African Americans: Internalized Racism, Minority Status, and Organizational Commitment (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, T., 1996. High-Tech Fraternity. New York Times B21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harra, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Braine and Herpin, 2004; Harra, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Braine and Herpin, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hakimi et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience Methods
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Methods
ISSN (print)0165-0270
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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