How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crooks, R.M., 2014. Therapeutics: Detective work on drug dosage. Nature 505, 165–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Foustoukos, D.I., Seyfried, W.E., Jr, 2004. Hydrocarbons in hydrothermal vent fluids: the role of chromium-bearing catalysts. Science 304, 1002–1005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hempson, G.P., Archibald, S., Bond, W.J., 2015. A continent-wide assessment of the form and intensity of large mammal herbivory in Africa. Science 350, 1056–1061.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zeqiraj, E., Filippi, B.M., Deak, M., Alessi, D.R., van Aalten, D.M.F., 2009. Structure of the LKB1-STRAD-MO25 complex reveals an allosteric mechanism of kinase activation. Science 326, 1707–1711.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wasson, C.S., 2005. System Analysis, Design, and Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bi, Y., Williams, M.-A. (Eds.), 2010. Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 4th International Conference, KSEM 2010, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, September 1-3, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gułajski, Ł., Grela, K., 2010. The Influence of the Anionic Counter-Ion on the Activity of Ammonium Substituted Hoveyda-Type Olefin Metathesis Catalysts in Aqueous Media, in: Dragutan, V., Demonceau, A., Dragutan, I., Finkelshtein, E.S. (Eds.), Green Metathesis Chemistry, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 49–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience Methods.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Chimps Manage Facial Recognition In A Similar Way To Humans [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Measuring Performance: The Advanced Technology Program and Private-Sector Funding (No. RCED-96-47). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long, R.E., 2011. Performance Assessment of Predicted Heat Strain in High Heat Stress Exposures (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Urbina, I., 2016. Rising Seas Turn Coastal Houses Into a Gamble. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crooks, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Crooks, 2014; Foustoukos and Seyfried, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Foustoukos and Seyfried, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zeqiraj et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience Methods
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Methods
ISSN (print)0165-0270
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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