How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris, E., 2005. India in demand. Nature 433, 902–903.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jucker, T., Coomes, D.A., 2012. Comment on “Plant species richness and ecosystem multifunctionality in global drylands.” Science 337, 155; author reply 155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burga, A., Casanueva, M.O., Lehner, B., 2011. Predicting mutation outcome from early stochastic variation in genetic interaction partners. Nature 480, 250–253.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rieger, M.A., Lamond, M., Preston, C., Powles, S.B., Roush, R.T., 2002. Pollen-mediated movement of herbicide resistance between commercial canola fields. Science 296, 2386–2388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Desai, J., 2013. Innovation Engine. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tse, G., 2013. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of the Breast: Atlas of Cyto-Histologic Correlates. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Harter, N.N., Luu, M., 2016. Drug Eruptions and Hypersensitivity Syndromes, in: Hogeling, M. (Ed.), Case-Based Inpatient Pediatric Dermatology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience Methods.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Autonomous Killing Systems Of The Future Are Already Here, They’re Just Not Necessarily Weapons – Yet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Lack of Effective Coordinated or Centralized Management Control of Closed-Circuit Television Used in DOD for Training and Education (No. B-177350). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weber, T.R., 2010. Tailored charged particle beams from single-component plasmas (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Miranda, L.-M., 2017. Stephen Sondheim. New York Times M2143.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marris, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Jucker and Coomes, 2012; Marris, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jucker and Coomes, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Rieger et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience Methods
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Methods
ISSN (print)0165-0270
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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