How to format your references using the Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Endo, Nature 442, 996 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
B. B. Lowell and G. I. Shulman, Science 307, 384 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Ekström, M. Nettles, and G. A. Abers, Science 302, 622 (2003).
A journal article with 99 or more authors
B. Dai, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhan, D. Zhang, N. Wang, and L. He, Sci. Rep. 4, 3693 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Gardner and S. Birley, Blogging for Dummies®, Hoboken, NJ, Wiley Publishing, Inc. (2010).
An edited book
H. Sonnenberg, Lean Innovation: A Fast Path from Knowledge to Value, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer (2011).
A chapter in an edited book
A. Klisnick, A. Le Marec, L. Meng, O. Larroche, O. Guilbaud, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, and A. Calisti, Spectral Properties of Collisional Xuv Lasers for the Amplification of Femtosecond Pulses, in X-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, Edited by J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, Cham, Springer International Publishing (2016), pp. 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Burning All Our Fossil Fuels Will Scorch The Earth And Obliterate The Arctic, (2016).at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Traffic Control: Improvements Needed In FAA’s Management of Acquisitions, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office (1993).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. L. Seger, The Occupy Movement: Signs of Cultural Shifts in Group Processes Shaped by Place, (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. R. Oestreich, Getting Inside the Mind of Bach, (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.
ISSN (print)1533-4880
ISSN (online)1533-4899
General Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles