How to format your references using the Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Kaiser, Nature 523, 523 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
H. A. Hofmann and P. A. Stevenson, Nature 403, 613 (2000).
A journal article with 3 authors
N. H. Shubin, E. B. Daeschler, and F. A. Jenkins Jr, Nature 440, 764 (2006).
A journal article with 99 or more authors
L. Ferbitz, T. Maier, H. Patzelt, B. Bukau, E. Deuerling, and N. Ban, Nature 431, 590 (2004).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Recho, Fracture Mechanics and Crack Growth, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2012).
An edited book
C. D. Liapis, K. Balzer, F. Benedetti-Valentini, and J. Fernandes e Fernandes, Editors, Vascular Surgery, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer (2007).
A chapter in an edited book
N. Harley, Medical Management of Acute Renal Failure, in Renal Failure and Replacement Therapies, Edited by S. Blakeley, London, Springer (2008), pp. 26–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

Blog post
J. Davis, Turning Street Lights Off At Night Had No Effect On The Number Of Road Accidents Or Crime Rate, (2015).at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Activities 1946-1975: Interview with Joseph P. Normile, Fred J. Shafer, and Thomas E. Sullivan, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office (1992).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. R. Lastica, Why Do They Stay? A Phenomenological Study of Secondary Science Teacher Experiences, (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Long Game Leaves Mets’ Bullpen Weary, and Ready for a Reinforcement, (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.
ISSN (print)1533-4880
ISSN (online)1533-4899
General Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles