How to format your references using the Journal of Nanoparticle Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanoparticle Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fynbo JPU (2014) Astronomy. An exceptionally bright gamma-ray burst. Science 343:34–35
A journal article with 2 authors
Murakami M, Kouyama T (2008) Crystal structure of squid rhodopsin. Nature 453:363–367
A journal article with 3 authors
Balser DS, Rood RT, Bania TM (2007) Comment on “Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis.” Science 317:1170
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang F, Wang Z, Dong W, et al (2014) Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis reveals mechanisms of embryo abortion during chrysanthemum cross breeding. Sci Rep 4:6536

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maré J-C (2016) Aerospace Actuators 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Różewski P (2011) Intelligent Open Learning Systems: Concepts, Models and Algorithms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Radelet-de Grave P (2015) Kepler, Cavalieri, Guldin. Polemics with the Departed. In: Jullien V (ed) Seventeenth-Century Indivisibles Revisited. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanoparticle Research.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) We May Be Able To Treat Depression With Anti-Inflammatory Drugs – Here’s Why. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/we-may-be-able-to-treat-depression-with-antiinflammatory-drugs-heres-why/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Potential for Cost Reduction in Providing Message Refile Services Through DOD Telecommunications Centers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rountree BL (2010) Theory and practice of dynamic voltage /frequency scaling in the high performance computing environment. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Mets’ Starter Fails to Last 2 Innings, and He May Not Get to Go Any Longer. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fynbo 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Murakami and Kouyama 2008; Fynbo 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murakami and Kouyama 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanoparticle Research
AbbreviationJ. Nanopart. Res.
ISSN (print)1388-0764
ISSN (online)1572-896X
ScopeBioengineering
General Chemistry
General Materials Science
Modelling and Simulation
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles