How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Liquids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Liquids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Chemistry’s clouded view, Nature. 421 (2003) 295.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Martin, S.M. Parkhurst, Development. May the force be with you, Science. 300 (2003) 63–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Messer, A. Zinevich, P. Alpert, Environmental monitoring by wireless communication networks, Science. 312 (2006) 713.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Carreiras, M.L. Seghier, S. Baquero, A. Estévez, A. Lozano, J.T. Devlin, C.J. Price, An anatomical signature for literacy, Nature. 461 (2009) 983–986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Schroeder, T. Thompson, K. Frith, D. Pencheon, Sustainable Healthcare, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
J. Woodall, The Surgions Mate: The First Compendium on Naval Medicine, Surgery and Drug Therapy (London 1617). Edited and Annotated by Irmgard Müller, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S.R. Singh, H. Rathore, Two-Warehouse Reverse Logistic Inventory Model for Deteriorating Item under Learning Effect, in: K.N. Das, K. Deep, M. Pant, J.C. Bansal, A. Nagar (Eds.), Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2014, Volume 1, Springer India, New Delhi, 2015: pp. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Liquids.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Fossil Collecting Should Be For Everyone – Not Just Academics, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, DOD and VA: Systematic Data Sharing Would Help Expedite Servicemembers’ Transition to VA Services, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Holvick-Norton, Becoming Whole: The Process of Individuation for Women and Their Bodies, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L.C.C. Kelly, PEARL HARBOR’S INFAMY, MY FATHER’S FAME, New York Times. (1981) 125.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Liquids
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Liq.
ISSN (print)0167-7322
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles