How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Liquids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Liquids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Dallek, All the President’s scholarly men, Nature. 458 (2009) 572–573.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.Y. Ting, D. Endy, Signal transduction. Decoding NF-kappaB signaling, Science. 298 (2002) 1189–1190.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.H. Shapiro, D. Venkatraman, F.N.C. Wong, Ghost imaging without discord, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1849.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Colaprete, J.R. Barnes, R.M. Haberle, J.L. Hollingsworth, H.H. Kieffer, T.N. Titus, Albedo of the south pole on Mars determined by topographic forcing of atmosphere dynamics, Nature. 435 (2005) 184–188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.R. Rao, Z.S. Bojkovic, D.A. Milovanovic, Introduction to Multimedia Communications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
J. Kopřiva, Temporal Bone CT and MRI Anatomy: A Guide to 3D Volumetric Acquisitions, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Bolajraf, Control Synthesis for General Positive 2D Models, in: A. El Oualkadi, F. Choubani, A. El Moussati (Eds.), Proceedings of the Mediterranean Conference on Information & Communication Technologies 2015: MedCT 2015 Volume 2, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 31–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Liquids.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Giant Extinct Volcano Discovered In Pacific Ocean, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Research Opportunities: DOE, DOD, and HHS Need Better Guidance for Participant Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Villegas, The optimization and characterization of superconducting magnesium diboride thin films, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, New Focus on the Effects of Life Tenure, New York Times. (2007) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Liquids
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Liq.
ISSN (print)0167-7322
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles