How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Liquids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Liquids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Grayson, Nutrigenomics, Nature. 468 (2010) S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Costa, P. Shaw, Chromatin organization and cell fate switch respond to positional information in Arabidopsis, Nature. 439 (2006) 493–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.A. Kaminski, V.M. Sloutsky, A.F. Heckler, Learning theory. The advantage of abstract examples in learning math, Science. 320 (2008) 454–455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Maurer, J. Wedemeyer, M. Metz, A.M. Piliponsky, K. Weller, D. Chatterjea, D.E. Clouthier, M.M. Yanagisawa, M. Tsai, S.J. Galli, Mast cells promote homeostasis by limiting endothelin-1-induced toxicity, Nature. 432 (2004) 512–516.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.R. Samuel, Formulas and Calculations for Drilling Operations, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
P.-N. Tan, S. Chawla, C.K. Ho, J. Bailey, eds., Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 16th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2012, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, May 29-June 1, 2012, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
N.G. Strouthidis, D.F. Garway-Heath, Detecting Glaucoma Progression by Imaging, in: F. Grehn, R. Stamper (Eds.), Glaucoma, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Liquids.

Blog post
B. Taub, Hispanic People Experience More Severe Alzheimer’s Symptoms, Claims Study, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, World Wide Web Sites: Reported by 42 Federal Organizations (Supplement to Internet and Electronic Dial-Up Bulletin Board System Activities: Information Reported by Federal Organizations), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H.F. Wheaton, The Relationship between Team Captains’ Leadership Styles and Team Performance, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J. de la MERCED, Arconic Gives 3 Board Seats To Hedge Fund, Ending a Fight, New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Liquids
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Liq.
ISSN (print)0167-7322
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles