How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Liquids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Liquids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Y. Ueno, Earth Science. Coping with low ocean sulfate, Science. 346 (2014) 703–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.A. Mathews, H. Tan, Economics: Manufacture renewables to build energy security, Nature. 513 (2014) 166–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Myung, C. Chen, R.D. Kolodner, Multiple pathways cooperate in the suppression of genome instability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Nature. 411 (2001) 1073–1076.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. O’Neil, R.W. Carlson, D. Francis, R.K. Stevenson, Neodymium-142 evidence for Hadean mafic crust, Science. 321 (2008) 1828–1831.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Sun, Multiphase Flow in Oil and Gas Well Drilling, John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore, 2016.
An edited book
M. Emmer, ed., Mathematics and Culture II: Visual Perfection: Mathematics and Creativity, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Bauby, Water Globalization: The Strategies of the Two French “Majors,” in: G. Schneier-Madanes (Ed.), Globalized Water: A Question of Governance, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 45–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Liquids.

Blog post
J. Fang, See-Through Shrimp-Like Creature Has a Dozen Retinas in Each Eye, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Head Start: Information on Federal Funds Unspent by Program Grantees, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Clavio, Uses and gratifications of Internet collegiate sport message board users, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. Palmer, J. Otis, Seizing a Second Chance to Graduate From High School, New York Times. (2017) A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Liquids
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Liq.
ISSN (print)0167-7322
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles