How to format your references using the Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
U. R. Christensen, “A deep dynamo generating Mercury’s magnetic field,” Nature 444(7122), 1056–1058 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Verhulst and J. M. Tinbergen, “Variation in food supply, time of breeding, and energy expenditure in birds,” Science 294(5542), 471 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Li, O. Rieppel, and M. C. LaBarbera, “A Triassic aquatic protorosaur with an extremely long neck,” Science 305(5692), 1931 (2004).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. A. McKinsey et al., “Signal-dependent nuclear export of a histone deacetylase regulates muscle differentiation,” Nature 408(6808), 106–111 (2000).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Abracen and J. Looman, Treatment of High-Risk Sexual Offenders, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2015).
An edited book
J. Heather, S. Schneider, and V. Teague, Eds., E-Voting and Identify: 4th International Conference, Vote-ID 2013, Guildford, UK, July 17-19, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
F. L. Wilczenski and S. M. Coomey, “Administrative Issues,” in A Practical Guide to Service Learning: Strategies for Positive Development in Schools, S. M. Coomey, Ed., pp. 49–56, Springer US, Boston, MA (2007).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “A Woman Has Been Given A New 3D Printed Skull,” IFLScience, 26 March 2014, <; (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “The Basic Educational Opportunity Grant Program at Holliston Junior College,” HRD-77-45, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1977).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. M. Swofford, “Impact of a pharmaceutical company’s leadership development program on participant leadership behavior,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Erlanger and J. Kanter, “Brexit Talks Stall as E.U. Presses Britain to Pay Up,” in New York Times, p. A6 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS
AbbreviationJ. Micro. Nanolithogr. MEMS MOEMS
ISSN (print)1932-5150
ISSN (online)1932-5134
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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