How to format your references using the Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Z. Ghahramani, “Probabilistic machine learning and artificial intelligence,” Nature 521(7553), 452–459 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Dauphas and A. Pourmand, “Hf-W-Th evidence for rapid growth of Mars and its status as a planetary embryo,” Nature 473(7348), 489–492 (2011).
A journal article with 3 authors
A. W. Moore, L. Y. Jan, and Y. N. Jan, “hamlet, a binary genetic switch between single- and multiple- dendrite neuron morphology,” Science 297(5585), 1355–1358 (2002).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. G. Liu et al., “Molecular and morphological supertrees for eutherian (placental) mammals,” Science 291(5509), 1786–1789 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Karr, Lead, Sell, or Get Out of the Way, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2009).
An edited book
L. J. Kagen, Ed., The Inflammatory Myopathies, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2009).
A chapter in an edited book
G. Li et al., “Comparative Proteomic Analysis of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived from Human Bone Marrow, Umbilical Cord and Placenta: Implication in the Migration,” in Human Cell Transformation: Role of Stem Cells and the Microenvironment, J. S. Rhim and R. Kremer, Eds., pp. 51–68, Springer, New York, NY (2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Octopuses And Squid Around The World Are Enjoying A Boom,” IFLScience, 24 May 2016, <> (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “The NASA Fiscal Year 1985 Budget Requests That Support DOD Programs,” NSIAD-84-120, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1984).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. K. Choi, “Conspiracy and alternative crimes in the Military Commissions Act of 2009: Is There a Way Out?,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. F. Burghardt, “New Meters Get a Mixed Review,” in New York Times, p. 14LI11 (2006).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS
AbbreviationJ. Micro. Nanolithogr. MEMS MOEMS
ISSN (print)1932-5150
ISSN (online)1932-5134
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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