How to format your references using the Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Gershon, “Cell biology gets plugged in,” Nature 417(6892), 6 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
T. L. Chester and J. F. Parcher, “Tech.Sight. Blurring the boundaries,” Science 291(5503), 502–503 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
S. French, V. Lekic, and B. Romanowicz, “Waveform tomography reveals channeled flow at the base of the oceanic asthenosphere,” Science 342(6155), 227–230 (2013).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Homma et al., “The core of the motor domain determines the direction of myosin movement,” Nature 412(6849), 831–834 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. B. Anderson, Bandwidth Efficient Coding, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2017).
An edited book
P. A. Garber et al., Eds., South American Primates: Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation, Springer, New York, NY (2009).
A chapter in an edited book
A. Kocmanová, M. Dočekalová, and J. Luňáček, “PROMETHEE-GAIA Method as a Support of the Decision-Making Process in Evaluating Technical Facilities,” in Environmental Software Systems. Fostering Information Sharing: 10th IFIP WG 5.11 International Symposium, ISESS 2013, Neusiedl am See, Austria, October 9-11, 2013. Proceedings, J. Hřebíček et al., Eds., pp. 44–53, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “L’Oreal Wants To 3D Print Human Skin For Cosmetics Testing,” IFLScience, 20 May 2015 (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “European Aeronautics: Strong Government Presence in Industry Structure and Research and Development Support,” NSIAD-94-71, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V. M. Richardson, “In vitro thyroid hormone metabolism: Effects of nuclear receptor activation on the metabolic profiles of thyroxine in rat and human hepatocytes,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “A Habeas Corpus Appeal Veers to Capital Issues,” in New York Times, p. A18 (2007).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS
AbbreviationJ. Micro. Nanolithogr. MEMS MOEMS
ISSN (print)1932-5150
ISSN (online)1932-5134
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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