How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smith C. The silent treatment. Nature. 2003 Mar 20;422(6929):342.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
McSweeney S, Fromme P. Crystallography: Sources of inspiration. Nature. 2014 Jan 30;505(7485):620–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sims DW, Andrews PL, Young JZ. Stomach rinsing in rays. Nature. 2000 Apr 6;404(6778):566.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Baker BJ, Tyson GW, Webb RI, Flanagan J, Hugenholtz P, Allen EE, et al. Lineages of acidophilic archaea revealed by community genomic analysis. Science. 2006 Dec 22;314(5807):1933–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dayton G. Trade Mindfully. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Hwang J-Y, Jiang T, Pistorius PC, Alvear F. GRF, Yücel O, Cai L, et al., editors. 7th International Symposium on High-Temperature Metallurgical Processing. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXI, 733 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sau TK, Goia DV. Biomedical Applications of Gold Nanoparticles. In: Matijević E, editor. Fine Particles in Medicine and Pharmacy. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. p. 101–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How World War II Spurred Vaccine Innovation [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-world-war-ii-spurred-vaccine-innovation/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Finance: Implementation of General Aviation Entitlement Grants. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Feb. Report No.: GAO-03-347.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mathes MD. Exploring Factors That Enabled Financial Advisors and Their Firms to Improve Professional Performance After 2008 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shear MD, Goodstein L, Haberman M. Trump Is Expected to Relax Tax Rules on Churches That Actively Take Part in Politics. New York Times. 2017 May 3;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Imaging Radiat. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1754-9477
ISSN (online)1754-9485
ScopeOncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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