How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Moreno E. Cancer: Darwinian tumour suppression. Nature. 2014 May 22;509(7501):435–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Molloy JE, Veigel C. Biophysics. Myosin motors walk the walk. Science. 2003 Jun 27;300(5628):2045–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Knudson MD, Desjarlais MP, Dolan DH. Shock-wave exploration of the high-pressure phases of carbon. Science. 2008 Dec 19;322(5909):1822–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Spalding KL, Buchholz BA, Bergman LE, Druid H, Frisén J. Forensics: age written in teeth by nuclear tests. Nature. 2005 Sep 15;437(7057):333–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Jawlik AA. Statistics from A to Z: Confusing Concepts Clarified. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Qing S, Okamoto E, Kim K, Liu D, editors. Information and Communications Security: 17th International Conference, ICICS 2015, Beijing, China, December 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XVIII, 486 p. 133 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9543).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tickle L. The Crucible of the Classroom. In: Beijaard D, Meijer PC, Morine-Dershimer G, Tillema H, editors. Teacher Professional Development in Changing Conditions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Human Head Transplants Could Become A Reality By 2017. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Examination of Grants Awarded to the Berkeley Unified School District and to Bilingual Children’s Television, Inc. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974 Sep. Report No.: B-164031(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ray RT. Utilization of a Clinical Reminder System to Increase the Incidence of HIV Screening in a Primary Care Clinic [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Court Details Opposition To Bias in Jury Selection. New York Times. 2008 Mar 20;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Imaging Radiat. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1754-9477
ISSN (online)1754-9485
ScopeOncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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