How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Spudis PD. Planetary science. What is the Moon made of? Science. 2001 Sep 7;293(5536):1779–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Goulder LH, Stavins RN. Discounting: an eye on the future. Nature. 2002 Oct 17;419(6908):673–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Amin M, Farhat M, Baǧcı H. A dynamically reconfigurable Fano metamaterial through graphene tuning for switching and sensing applications. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2105.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Quintana E, Shackleton M, Sabel MS, Fullen DR, Johnson TM, Morrison SJ. Efficient tumour formation by single human melanoma cells. Nature. 2008 Dec 4;456(7222):593–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Nölte J. ICP Emissionsspektrometrie für Praktiker. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Maeno T, Sawatani Y, Hara T, editors. Serviceology for Designing the Future: Selected and Edited Papers of the 2nd International Conference on Serviceology. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016. XI, 603 p. 298 illus., 172 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Davidson R. Working-Class Women Activists: Citizenship at the Local Level. In: Ackers P, Reid AJ, editors. Alternatives to State-Socialism in Britain: Other Worlds of Labour in the Twentieth Century. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 93–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Species Of Peacock Spider Described [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-species-peacock-spider-described/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: NASA Needs to Reassess Its EOSDIS Development Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Feb. Report No.: T-IMTEC-92-7.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Beck NA. Mobile Apps for Cognitive Restructuring: A Review and Comparative Analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leshy JD, Squillace M. The Endangered Antiquities Act. New York Times. 2017 Mar 31;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Imaging Radiat. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1754-9477
ISSN (online)1754-9485
ScopeOncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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