How to format your references using the Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Elbaum M (2006) Materials science. Polymers in the pore. Science 314:766–767
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
LaRue CC, Padilla PA (2012) IBI series winner. A mutant search--Caenorhabditis elegans and gene discovery. Science 338:487–488
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Julsgaard B, Kozhekin A, Polzik ES (2001) Experimental long-lived entanglement of two macroscopic objects. Nature 413:400–403
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Prainsack B, Reardon J, Hindmarsh R, et al (2008) Personal genomes: Misdirected precaution. Nature 456:34–35

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Aasma A, Dutta H, Natarajan PN (2017) An Introductory Course in Summability Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Hoi SCH, Luo J, Boll S, et al (2011) Social Media Modeling and Computing. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kim DJ, Zhang D (2011) The Effects of Sense of Presence, Sense of Belonging, and Cognitive Absorption on Satisfaction and User Loyalty toward an Immersive 3D Virtual World. In: Sharman R, Rao HR, Raghu TS (eds) Exploring the Grand Challenges for Next Generation E-Business: 8th Workshop on E-Business, WEB 2009, Phoenix, AZ, USA, December 15, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 30–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) New Telescope Will Help Look For Gamma Rays. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-telescope-will-help-look-for-gamma-rays/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2004) DOD Business Systems Modernization: Billions Continue to Be Invested with Inadequate Management Oversight and Accountability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Harris NS (2012) The Impact of Action Learning Experience on Reflective Practice. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B (2017) Mixture of Upsets and Injuries Leaves Chase for Men’s Title Wide Open. New York Times SP3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Maxillofac. Oral Surg.
ISSN (print)0972-8279
ISSN (online)0974-942X
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology
Surgery
Oral Surgery

Other styles