How to format your references using the Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olson EN (2006) Gene regulatory networks in the evolution and development of the heart. Science 313:1922–1927
A journal article with 2 authors
Merritt DJ, Dixon KW (2011) Conservation. Restoration seed banks--a matter of scale. Science 332:424–425
A journal article with 3 authors
Devincre B, Hoc T, Kubin L (2008) Dislocation mean free paths and strain hardening of crystals. Science 320:1745–1748
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wilson RW, Millero FJ, Taylor JR, et al (2009) Contribution of fish to the marine inorganic carbon cycle. Science 323:359–362

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond B (2008) Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Moemeka E (2013) Real World Windows 8 App Development with JavaScript: Create Great Windows Store Apps. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Greiner W, Reinhardt J (2009) The Scattering Matrix in Higher Orders. In: Reinhardt J (ed) Quantum Electrodynamics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 255–328

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) “Chemical Gardens” On The Seafloor May Have Provided The Spark For Life On Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Tax System Modernization: Further Testing of IRS’ Automated Taxpayer Service Systems Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rey D (2017) Chaos, Observability and Symplectic Structure in Optimal Estimation. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M (2017) A Cry for Help as a Witness Recounts a Man’s Fall Onto the Subway Tracks. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Maxillofac. Oral Surg.
ISSN (print)0972-8279
ISSN (online)0974-942X
Oral Surgery

Other styles