How to format your references using the Journal of Internet Services and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Internet Services and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bosch X. Radical changes urged for Spanish universities. Nature. 2000;404:425–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gao L, Theuns T. Lighting the universe with filaments. Science. 2007;317:1527–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Roberts RB, Ser JR, Kocher TD. Sexual conflict resolved by invasion of a novel sex determiner in Lake Malawi cichlid fishes. Science. 2009;326:998–1001.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Smith RJ, Veríssimo D, Leader-Williams N, Cowling RM, Knight AT. Let the locals lead. Nature. 2009;462:280–1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Murray A. The Complete Software Project Manager. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Walz W, editor. Integrative Physiology in the Proteomics and Post-Genomics Age. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Engelson L, Lindberg PO. Congestion Pricing of Road Networks with Users Having Different Time Values. In: Lawphongpanich S, Hearn DW, Smith MJ, editors. Mathematical and Computational Models for Congestion Charging. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 81–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Internet Services and Applications.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Expiration Dates Are Bogus — Here’s The Best Way To Tell If A Food’s Gone Bad [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/expiration-dates-are-bogus-heres-the-best-way-to-tell-if-a-foods-gone-bad/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Emergency Transportation Relief: Agencies Could Improve Collaboration Begun during Hurricane Sandy Response. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 May. Report No.: GAO-14-512.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Marshall LD. The jeweled net, sacred landscape, and the vision of the heart [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wogan J. When in London: Modern English. New York Times. 2016 Nov 21;M264.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Internet Services and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Internet Serv. Appl.
ISSN (print)1867-4828
ISSN (online)1869-0238
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications

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