How to format your references using the Journal of Internet Services and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Internet Services and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Honjo T. Obituary: Yasutomi Nishizuka (1932-2004). Nature. 2004;432:966.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Touma JR, Sridhar S. The disruption of multiplanet systems through resonance with a binary orbit. Nature. 2015;524:439–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cochran WW, Mouritsen H, Wikelski M. Migrating songbirds recalibrate their magnetic compass daily from twilight cues. Science. 2004;304:405–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hawkesworth C, Cawood P, Kemp T, Storey C, Dhuime B. Geochemistry. A matter of preservation. Science. 2009;323:49–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Liu J, Dong X, Chen X, Tong X, Zhang X, Xu S. Fault Location and Service Restoration for Electrical Distribution Systems. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Dabrowski M, Rostowski J, editors. The Eastern Enlargement of the Eurozone. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bhattacharyya A. Colonial Madness: Community and Lunacy in Nineteenth-Century India. In: Winterbottom A, Tesfaye F, editors. Histories of Medicine and Healing in the Indian Ocean World: The Modern Period. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. p. 89–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Internet Services and Applications.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Celebrity Selfies Helped us to Uncover How Memories are Formed in the Brain [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Automated Support for the Assessment Panel Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Jan. Report No.: 127085.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Banks GM. The revolution will not be gender-ized [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Ryerson J. University Presses. New York Times. 2017 Mar 6;BR31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Internet Services and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Internet Serv. Appl.
ISSN (print)1867-4828
ISSN (online)1869-0238
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications

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