How to format your references using the Journal of Internet Services and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Internet Services and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Harley CDG. Climate change, keystone predation, and biodiversity loss. Science. 2011;334:1124–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bouchon M, Vallée M. Observation of long supershear rupture during the magnitude 8.1 Kunlunshan earthquake. Science. 2003;301:824–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. de Roode JC, Lefèvre T, Hunter MD. Ecology. Self-medication in animals. Science. 2013;340:150–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bessell PR, Searle KR, Auty HK, Handel IG, Purse BV, Bronsvoort BMD. Epidemic potential of an emerging vector borne disease in a marginal environment: Schmallenberg in Scotland. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smith RA. Virgil. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1. O’Donnell J. Discrete Mathematics Using a Computer. 2nd ed. Hall C, Page R, editors. London: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fix L, Grumberg O, Heyman A, Heyman T, Schuster A. Verifying Very Large Industrial Circuits Using 100 Processes and Beyond. In: Peled DA, Tsay Y-K, editors. Automated Technology for Verification and Analysis: Third International Symposium, ATVA 2005, Taipei, Taiwan, October 4-7, 2005 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 11–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Internet Services and Applications.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Boaty McBoatface Will NOT Be The Name Of This New Polar Research Ship [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Critical Infrastructure Protection: Comprehensive Strategy Can Draw on Year 2000 Experiences. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Oct. Report No.: AIMD-00-1.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rouhani M. Overdose prevention and naloxone distribution: A grant project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. Maker Agrees to Modify a Helmet That Was Decertified. New York Times. 2014 Dec 13;D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Internet Services and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Internet Serv. Appl.
ISSN (print)1867-4828
ISSN (online)1869-0238
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications

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