How to format your references using the Journal of Internet Services and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Internet Services and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fanelli D. Redefine misconduct as distorted reporting. Nature. 2013;494:149.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Benartzi S, Thaler RH. Economics. Behavioral economics and the retirement savings crisis. Science. 2013;339:1152–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Moreira JA, Pacheco JM, Santos FC. Evolution of collective action in adaptive social structures. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1521.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wegner KM, Kalbe M, Kurtz J, Reusch TBH, Milinski M. Parasite selection for immunogenetic optimality. Science. 2003;301:1343.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bennett DH. Bennett’s Cardiac Arrhythmias. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Chokroverty S, Billiard M, editors. Sleep Medicine: A Comprehensive Guide to Its Development, Clinical Milestones, and Advances in Treatment. 1st ed. 2015. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Glatzel M. Human prion diseases: novel diagnostic principles. In: Kitamoto T, editor. Prions: Food and Drug Safety. Tokyo: Springer; 2005. p. 67–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Internet Services and Applications.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Hummingbirds, From Eggs To Nestlings [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/hummingbirds-eggs-nestlings/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Postsecondary Education: Many States Collect Graduates’ Employment Information, but Clearer Guidance on Student Privacy Requirements Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Sep. Report No.: GAO-10-927.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McCain AK. Influence of market setting and time of purchase on counts of aerobic bacteria, Escherichia coli, and coliform and prevalence of Salmonella and Listeria in beef, pork, and chicken in Vietnam [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rosenberg E. Misconduct Complaint Against Christie Has Merit, Judge Says. New York Times. 2016 Oct 14;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Internet Services and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Internet Serv. Appl.
ISSN (print)1867-4828
ISSN (online)1869-0238
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications

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