How to format your references using the Journal of Intensive Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intensive Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ginsparg P. ArXiv at 20. Nature. 2011;476:145–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lyerly AD, Faden RR. Embryonic stem cells. Willingness to donate frozen embryos for stem cell research. Science. 2007;317:46–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kah LC, Lyons TW, Frank TD. Low marine sulphate and protracted oxygenation of the Proterozoic biosphere. Nature. 2004;431:834–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sun H, Ringdahl U, Homeister JW, Fay WP, Engleberg NC, Yang AY, et al. Plasminogen is a critical host pathogenicity factor for group A streptococcal infection. Science. 2004;305:1283–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chappell D. Parris’s Standard Form of Building Contract. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Vianello M, Hawkesworth M, editors. Gender and Power: Towards Equality and Democratic Governance. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Haines AJ, Dimitrova LL, Wallace LM, Williams CA. 1-Dimensional Synthetic Examples. In: Dimitrova LL, Wallace LM, Williams CA, editors. Enhanced Surface Imaging of Crustal Deformation: Obtaining Tectonic Force Fields Using GPS Data. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 45–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intensive Care.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientist Invents Ice Cream That Changes Color As You Lick It [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/scientist-invents-ice-cream-changes-color-you-lick-it/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DOD Schools: Limitations in DOD-Sponsored Study on Transfer Alternatives Underscore Need for Additional Assessment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Apr. Report No.: GAO-05-469.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Amini B. Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Kremlin Secures Price Controls On Food Items Before Elections. New York Times. 2007 Oct 25;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intensive Care
AbbreviationJ. Intensive Care
ISSN (online)2052-0492
Scope

Other styles