How to format your references using the Journal of Intensive Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intensive Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Turnbull JE. Chemistry. Getting the farm out of pharma for heparin production. Science. 2011;334:462–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Starr DJ, Cline TW. A host parasite interaction rescues Drosophila oogenesis defects. Nature. 2002;418:76–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Albert R, Jeong H, Barabasi AL. Error and attack tolerance of complex networks. Nature. 2000;406:378–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Collinet C, Stöter M, Bradshaw CR, Samusik N, Rink JC, Kenski D, et al. Systems survey of endocytosis by multiparametric image analysis. Nature. 2010;464:243–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Johnson JL. Probability and Statistics for Computer Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1997.
An edited book
1. Bali RK, Dwivedi AN, editors. Healthcare Knowledge Management: Issues, Advances, and Successes. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Novak JM, Armstrong DE, Browne B. Managing and Mentoring your Educational Self. In: Armstrong DE, Browne B, editors. Leading For Educational Lives: Inviting and Sustaining Imaginative Acts of Hope in a Connected World. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014. p. 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intensive Care.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Earth’s Oxygen Levels Continue To Decline [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/earth-s-oxygen-levels-continue-to-decline/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. For-Profit Schools: Large Schools and Schools that Specialize in Healthcare Are More Likely to Rely Heavily on Federal Student Aid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Oct. Report No.: GAO-11-4.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tajer SA. Topics in MIMO networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Erlanger S, Kanter J. Austria’s Rightward Lurch Reflects Europe’s New Anti-Immigration Leanings. New York Times. 2017 Oct 16;A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intensive Care
AbbreviationJ. Intensive Care
ISSN (online)2052-0492
Scope

Other styles