How to format your references using the Journal of High Technology Management Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of High Technology Management Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. (2013). Pathology: At the heart of the problem. Nature, 493(7434), S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milczarek, G., & Inganäs, O. (2012). Renewable cathode materials from biopolymer/conjugated polymer interpenetrating networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6075), 1468–1471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berg, E., Metlitski, M. A., & Sachdev, S. (2012). Sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo of the onset of antiferromagnetism in metals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6114), 1606–1609.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Banavar, J. R., Damuth, J., Maritan, A., & Rinaldo, A. (2002). Ontogenetic growth: Modelling universality and scaling. Nature, 420(6916), 626; discussion 626-7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Southard, T. E., Marshall, S. D., & Bonner, L. L. (2015). Orthodontics in the Vertical Dimension. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Härdle, W. (2007). Multivariate Statistics: Exercises and Solutions (Z. Hlávka, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Haselmann, T., & Vossen, G. (2011). Software-as-a-Service in Small and Medium Enterprises: An Empirical Attitude Assessment. In A. Bouguettaya, M. Hauswirth, & L. Liu (Eds.), Web Information System Engineering – WISE 2011: 12th International Conference, Sydney, Australia, October 13-14, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 43–56). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of High Technology Management Research.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, May 25). Huge Variation In Rattlesnake Venom Reveals Intense Arms Race Against Squirrels. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Aviation Safety: Chicago Center Work Force Views of the Air Traffic Control System (RCED-89-205FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volkmer, J. E. (2010). The Cretaceous-Tertiary tectonic evolution of the Lhasa Terrane, Tibet [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 27). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Again Faces Draft Issue As He Returns to New Hampshire. New York Times, 120.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Milczarek & Inganäs, 2012; Willyard, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milczarek & Inganäs, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Berg et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Banavar et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of High Technology Management Research
ISSN (print)1047-8310
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems and Management

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