How to format your references using the Journal of High Technology Management Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of High Technology Management Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levine, A. G. (2008). Science careers. Finance’s quant(um) mechanics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5905), 1264–1265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margoliash, D., & Hale, M. E. (2008). Neuroscience. Vertebrate vocalizations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5887), 347–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prytkova, T. R., Kurnikov, I. V., & Beratan, D. N. (2007). Coupling coherence distinguishes structure sensitivity in protein electron transfer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5812), 622–625.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mühlig, S., Cunningham, A., Dintinger, J., Farhat, M., Hasan, S. B., Scharf, T., Bürgi, T., Lederer, F., & Rockstuhl, C. (2013). A self-assembled three-dimensional cloak in the visible. Scientific Reports, 3, 2328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Unhelkar, B. (2005). Verification and Validation for Quality of UML 2.0 Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nakada, S. Y., & Pearle, M. S. (Eds.). (2013). Surgical Management of Urolithiasis: Percutaneous, Shockwave and Ureteroscopy. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
White, J., & Schnurr, M. P. (2012). Developmental Psychology. In F. T. L. Leong, W. E. Pickren, M. M. Leach, & A. J. Marsella (Eds.), Internationalizing the Psychology Curriculum in the United States (pp. 51–73). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of High Technology Management Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, April 9). Meta Study Confirms Homeopathy Doesn’t Work. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Airline Competition: Cargo Airline Has Enhanced Competition in Hawaii but Faces an Uncertain Future (RCED-98-156). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, H. T. (2013). The ugly duckling: Juvenile delinquents in non-delinquent networks [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, August 9). All-American Match, All-American Ending. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levine, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Levine, 2008; Margoliash & Hale, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Margoliash & Hale, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Prytkova et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mühlig et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of High Technology Management Research
ISSN (print)1047-8310
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems and Management

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