How to format your references using the Journal of High Technology Management Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of High Technology Management Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackman, N. (2008). Triggers, targets and treatments for thrombosis. Nature, 451(7181), 914–918.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yan, J., & Aldrich, R. W. (2010). LRRC26 auxiliary protein allows BK channel activation at resting voltage without calcium. Nature, 466(7305), 513–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leman, L., Orgel, L., & Ghadiri, M. R. (2004). Carbonyl sulfide-mediated prebiotic formation of peptides. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5694), 283–286.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ackerman, A. S., Kirkpatrick, M. P., Stevens, D. E., & Toon, O. B. (2004). The impact of humidity above stratiform clouds on indirect aerosol climate forcing. Nature, 432(7020), 1014–1017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bielecki, T. R., Brigo, D., & Patras, F. (2011). Credit Risk Frontiers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Langor, D. W., & Sweeney, J. (Eds.). (2009). Ecological Impacts of Non-Native Invertebrates and Fungi on Terrestrial Ecosystems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirzalla, M., Cleland-Huang, J., & Arsanjani, A. (2009). A Metrics Suite for Evaluating Flexibility and Complexity in Service Oriented Architectures. In G. Feuerlicht & W. Lamersdorf (Eds.), Service-Oriented Computing – ICSOC 2008 Workshops: ICSOC 2008 International Workshops, Sydney, Australia, December 1st, 2008, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 41–52). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of High Technology Management Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 16). Chimps Manage Facial Recognition In A Similar Way To Humans. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). At-Risk Youth: School-Community Collaborations Focus on Improving Student Outcomes (No. GAO-01-66). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldner, V. R. (2010). Arizona nurses’ attitudes toward legislated minimum staffing ratios: Impact on the workplace (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2012, May 27). Spacewalk. New York Times, p. ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Mackman, 2008; Yan & Aldrich, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yan & Aldrich, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Leman, Orgel, & Ghadiri, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ackerman, Kirkpatrick, Stevens, & Toon, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of High Technology Management Research
ISSN (print)1047-8310
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems and Management

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