How to format your references using the Journal of Hand and Microsurgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hand and Microsurgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Connor JTH (2004) Beyond the ivory tower. The Victorian revolution in surgery. Science 304:54–55
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shaw AS, Huang Y (2010) Immunology. CAR’ing for the skin. Science 329:1154–1155
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Vaupel JW, Carey JR, Christensen K (2003) Aging. It’s never too late. Science 301:1679–1681
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Covert MW, Knight EM, Reed JL, et al (2004) Integrating high-throughput and computational data elucidates bacterial networks. Nature 429:92–96

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Leddra M (2010) Time Matters. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Delcour AH (2015) Electrophysiology of Unconventional Channels and Pores, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Engewald W, Dettmer-Wilde K (2014) Selection of Capillary Columns and Operating Conditions. In: Dettmer-Wilde K, Engewald W (eds) Practical Gas Chromatography: A Comprehensive Reference. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 117–160

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hand and Microsurgery.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2016) Sonar Images Reveal A WW2 Submarine Sunk By A Nazi Ship. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/sonar-images-reveal-a-ww2-submarine-sunk-by-a-nazi-ship/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2005) DOD Business Systems Modernization: Important Progress Made in Establishing Foundational Architecture Products and Investment Management Practices, but Much Work Remains. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Battaglia M (2015) Presenting a pluralized past: Assessing the efficacy of multivocal, bison-themed lesson units as a public education and outreach strategy for archaeology. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stewart JB (2016) Justifiably, This Buck Stopped With the Chief Executive. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hand and Microsurgery
AbbreviationJ. Hand Microsurg.
ISSN (print)0974-3227
ISSN (online)0974-6897
Scope

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