How to format your references using the Journal of Hand and Microsurgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hand and Microsurgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Amaravadi RK (2011) Cancer. Autophagy in tumor immunity. Science 334:1501–1502
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ginther DK, Kahn S (2015) WOMEN IN SCIENCE. Comment on “Expectations of brilliance underlie gender distributions across academic disciplines.” Science 349:391
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kobayashi T, Saito T, Ohtani H (2001) Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization. Nature 414:531–534
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Hoyos CD, Agudelo PA, Webster PJ, Curry JA (2006) Deconvolution of the factors contributing to the increase in global hurricane intensity. Science 312:94–97

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Aquino JA (2017) The International Family Guide to US University Admissions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Chan AWH (2014) Atlas of Liver Pathology. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Henkel M, Pleimling M (2010) Local Scale-invariance II: z =/ 2. In: Pleimling M (ed) Non-Equilibrium Phase Transitions: Volume 2: Ageing and Dynamical Scaling Far from Equilibrium. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 291–336

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hand and Microsurgery.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) New Layer of Rock Discovered in Earth’s Mantle. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/insanely-stiff-layer-rock-discovered-earths-mantle/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2002) Transportation Infrastructure: Alternative Financing Mechanisms for Surface Transportation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bemmel EP (2008) A cost -effectiveness analysis of two community college baccalaureate programs in Florida: An exploratory study. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J (2017) Tough Architect of the Mets. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hand and Microsurgery
AbbreviationJ. Hand Microsurg.
ISSN (print)0974-3227
ISSN (online)0974-6897
Scope

Other styles