How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Counseling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Counseling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Risaliti, G. (2014). Astrophysics: Cosmic lens reveals spinning black hole. Nature, 507(7491), 173–174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ambraseys, N., & Bilham, R. (2011). Corruption kills. Nature, 469(7329), 153–155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghaffari, H. O., Nasseri, M. H. B., & Young, R. P. (2014). Faulting of rocks in a three-dimensional stress field by micro-anticracks. Scientific reports, 4, 5011.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, Q., Yang, K., Li, W., & Xing, B. (2014). Concentration-dependent polyparameter linear free energy relationships to predict organic compound sorption on carbon nanotubes. Scientific reports, 4, 3888.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nomura, S. (2016). Micromechanics with Mathematica. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cremers, D., Reid, I., Saito, H., & Yang, M.-H. (Eds.). (2015). Computer Vision -- ACCV 2014: 12th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Singapore, Singapore, November 1-5, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part I (Vol. 9003). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ekoff, M., & Nilsson, G. (2011). Mast Cell Apoptosis and Survival. In A. M. Gilfillan & D. D. Metcalfe (Eds.), Mast Cell Biology: Contemporary and Emerging Topics (pp. 47–60). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Counseling.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, July 14). Stand-up Comedians Are More Likely To Die Prematurely, With The Funniest Most Likely To Go First. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Northeast Rail Corridor: Information on Users, Funding Sources, and Expenditures (No. RCED-96-144). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson, B. N. (2013). Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003, May 18). After 27 Years, With Money Tight, A Tall-Masted Classic Must Go. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Risaliti 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ambraseys and Bilham 2011; Risaliti 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ambraseys and Bilham 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Counseling
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Couns.
ISSN (print)1059-7700
ISSN (online)1573-3599

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