How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Counseling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Counseling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keppler, H. (2014). Geology: Earth’s deep water reservoir. Nature, 507(7491), 174–175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lv, X., & Weng, J. (2013). Ternary composite of hemin, gold nanoparticles and graphene for highly efficient decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Scientific reports, 3, 3285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xin, H., Liu, Q., & Li, B. (2014). Non-contact fiber-optical trapping of motile bacteria: dynamics observation and energy estimation. Scientific reports, 4, 6576.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Leaver, M., Domínguez-Cuevas, P., Coxhead, J. M., Daniel, R. A., & Errington, J. (2009). Life without a wall or division machine in Bacillus subtilis. Nature, 457(7231), 849–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hossain, M. E. (2016). Fundamentals of Drilling Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Carroll, J. M. (Ed.). (2014). Innovative Practices in Teaching Information Sciences and Technology: Experience Reports and Reflections. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoet, P. H. M., Geys, J., Nemmar, A., & Nemery, B. (2007). Inhalation of Nanomaterials: Short Overview of the Local and Systemic Effects. In P. P. Simeonova, N. Opopol, & M. I. Luster (Eds.), Nanotechnology – Toxicological Issues and Environmental Safety and Environmental Safety (pp. 77–90). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Counseling.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 28). Cannabis Could Improve Your Night Vision. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). The Air Force Can Improve Its Maintenance Information Systems (No. GGD-83-20). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Odom, S. A. (2017). Electronic health records: Overcoming obstacles to improve acceptance and utilization for mental health clinicians (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., & Green, J. (2017, May 11). Just How Great Was That ‘Comet’? New York Times, p. AR16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keppler 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Keppler 2014; Lv and Weng 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lv and Weng 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Leaver et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Counseling
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Couns.
ISSN (print)1059-7700
ISSN (online)1573-3599

Other styles