How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Counseling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Counseling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Warnock, M. (2007). The ethical regulation of science. Nature, 450(7170), 615.
A journal article with 2 authors
Churchman, L. S., & Weissman, J. S. (2011). Nascent transcript sequencing visualizes transcription at nucleotide resolution. Nature, 469(7330), 368–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ringstad, N., Abe, N., & Horvitz, H. R. (2009). Ligand-gated chloride channels are receptors for biogenic amines in C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5936), 96–100.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hess, M., Sczyrba, A., Egan, R., Kim, T.-W., Chokhawala, H., Schroth, G., et al. (2011). Metagenomic discovery of biomass-degrading genes and genomes from cow rumen. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6016), 463–467.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis, T. B. (2011). Audel Industrial Multi-Craft Mini-Ref. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sarkar, S., Satz, H., & Sinha, B. (Eds.). (2010). The Physics of the Quark-Gluon Plasma: Introductory Lectures (Vol. 785). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Croom, S., & Baglieri, E. (2014). Connecting Factory to Theatre: Lessons from a Case Study. In E. Baglieri & U. Karmarkar (Eds.), Managing Consumer Services: Factory or Theater? (pp. 45–67). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Counseling.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 5). Prepare Yourself For A Global Pistachio Shortage This Year. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). NASA Supplier Base: Challenges Exist in Transitioning from the Space Shuttle Program to the Next Generation of Human Space Flight Systems (No. GAO-07-940). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cook, A. E. (2010). Gas hydrate-filled fracture reservoirs on continental margins (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2009, April 26). Suffolk County College Is Raising Tuition. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Warnock 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Churchman and Weissman 2011; Warnock 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Churchman and Weissman 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hess et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Counseling
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Couns.
ISSN (print)1059-7700
ISSN (online)1573-3599

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