How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Counseling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Counseling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright, G. (2015). Antibiotics: An irresistible newcomer. Nature, 517(7535), 442–444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsuura, Y., & Stewart, M. (2004). Structural basis for the assembly of a nuclear export complex. Nature, 432(7019), 872–877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eagle, N., Macy, M., & Claxton, R. (2010). Network diversity and economic development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5981), 1029–1031.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Yu, L., Liang, J.-Q., Chen, G., Jia, S., & Nori, F. (2014). Quantum phases in circuit QED with a superconducting qubit array. Scientific reports, 4, 4083.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
ASAE. (2013). 7 Measures of Success. Washington, DC: ASAE: The Center for Association Leadership.
An edited book
Bahadori, M. N. (2014). Wind Towers: Architecture, Climate and Sustainability. (A. Dehghani-sanij & A. Sayigh, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dumur, C. I. (2015). Molecular Methodologies. In M. O. Idowu, C. I. Dumur, & C. T. Garrett (Eds.), Molecular Oncology Testing for Solid Tumors: A Pragmatic Approach (pp. 153–170). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Counseling.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, June 23). The Rise Of Border Fences Across Europe And Asia Has Unintended Consequences For Wildlife. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Major ADP Systems: DOD Does Not Always Comply With Statutory Restriction on Obligations (No. IMTEC-91-16). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grefe, S. E. (2013). Plasmonic and topological insulator nanostructures and metamaterials nanoscale near-field investigations: Experiment and theory (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 23). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Republicans; Encircling Arkansas, Bush Opens Harsh Attack on Clinton’s Record. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wright 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Matsuura and Stewart 2004; Wright 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsuura and Stewart 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Counseling
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Couns.
ISSN (print)1059-7700
ISSN (online)1573-3599

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