How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Counseling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Counseling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brady, O. (2014). Scale up the supply of experimental Ebola drugs. Nature, 512(7514), 233.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parmesan, C., & Yohe, G. (2003). A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature, 421(6918), 37–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aziz, T., Stein, J., & Yogeshwar, R. (2011). Animal testing: TV or not TV? Nature, 470(7335), 457–459.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Leung, K., Józsa, L., Ravasz, M., & Néda, Z. (2001). Pattern formation. Spiral cracks without twisting. Nature, 410(6825), 166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bard, J., & Kovarik, V. J., Jr. (2007). Software Defined Radio. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Portugali, J., Meyer, H., Stolk, E., & Tan, E. (Eds.). (2012). Complexity Theories of Cities Have Come of Age: An Overview with Implications to Urban Planning and Design. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grankov, A. G., & Milshin, A. A. (2016). Influence of Horizontal Heat Transfer in the Atmosphere Boundary Layer on the Relationship Between the SOA’s Brightness Temperature and Surface Heat Fluxes: Modeling. In A. A. Milshin (Ed.), Microwave Radiation of the Ocean-Atmosphere: Boundary Heat and Dynamic Interaction (pp. 73–84). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Counseling.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, May 4). New Type Of Lymphatic “Scavenger” Cells Unexpectedly Discovered In Zebrafish Brains. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends, Government Challenges, and International Competitiveness Issues (No. GAO-12-836T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peacock, C. (2012). Design science research toward designing/prototyping a repeatable model for testing location management (LM) algorithms for wireless networking (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, December 30). Listening Hard to Softer Cries for Help. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brady 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brady 2014; Parmesan and Yohe 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parmesan and Yohe 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Leung et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Counseling
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Couns.
ISSN (print)1059-7700
ISSN (online)1573-3599

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