How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Counseling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Counseling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, M.-C. (2011). Genome-sequencing anniversary. A healthy son. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6020), 1026.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen, J. E., & Gürtler, R. E. (2001). Modeling household transmission of American trypanosomiasis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 694–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiorillo, C. D., Tobler, P. N., & Schultz, W. (2003). Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5614), 1898–1902.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gupta, S., Hadzibabic, Z., Zwierlein, M. W., Stan, C. A., Dieckmann, K., Schunck, C. H., et al. (2003). Radio-frequency spectroscopy of ultracold fermions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5626), 1723–1726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gallant, B. J. (2006). Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zeng, D. (Ed.). (2011). Applied Informatics and Communication: International Conference, ICAIC 2011,Xi’an, China, August 20-21, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 224). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen, H. D., & Poo, D. C. C. (2016). Automated Mobile Health: Designing a Social Reasoning Platform for Remote Health Management. In G. Meiselwitz (Ed.), Social Computing and Social Media: 8th International Conference, SCSM 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17–22, 2016. Proceedings (pp. 34–46). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Counseling.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, May 12). Hubble Detects Faint Galaxy. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Federal Communications Commission: Regulatory Fee Process Needs to Be Updated (No. GAO-12-686). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lima, A. A. (2009). Racial and cultural identity formation of low-income Brazilian youth of African descent through their experiences and perceptions in formal and informal schools (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, August 26). African-American Tennis, Fostered for 100 Years. New York Times, p. SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen and Gürtler 2001; King 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cohen and Gürtler 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Gupta et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Counseling
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Couns.
ISSN (print)1059-7700
ISSN (online)1573-3599

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