How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Counseling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Counseling (J Genet Counsel). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richmond, C. R. (2000). How neptunium led to the birth of plutonium. Nature, 406(6795), 455.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hardie, R. C., & Franze, K. (2012). Photomechanical responses in Drosophila photoreceptors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6104), 260–263.
A journal article with 3 authors
Plerou, V., Gopikrishnan, P., & Stanley, H. E. (2003). Econophysics: Two-phase behaviour of financial markets. Nature, 421(6919), 130.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Z., Schwanz, D., Narayanan, B., Kotiuga, M., Dura, J. A., Cherukara, M., et al. (2018). Perovskite nickelates as electric-field sensors in salt water. Nature, 553(7686), 68–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morales, G., & Kacher, C. (2015). Short Selling with the O’Neil Disciples. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gong, X. (2014). Social Group Utility Maximization. (X. Chen, L. Yang, & J. Zhang, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Waelkens, P., van Oosterom, M. N., van den Berg, N. S., Navab, N., & van Leeuwen, F. W. B. (2016). Surgical Navigation: An Overview of the State-of-the-Art Clinical Applications. In K. Herrmann, O. E. Nieweg, & S. P. Povoski (Eds.), Radioguided Surgery: Current Applications and Innovative Directions in Clinical Practice (pp. 57–73). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Counseling.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 3). Long-Lost City Discovered Deep Within Honduras Rainforest. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). In-Car Location-Based Services: Companies Are Taking Steps to Protect Privacy, but Some Risks May Not Be Clear to Consumers (No. GAO-14-81). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, E. A. (2010). The semiconductor industry and emerging technologies: A study using a modified Delphi method (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2011, April 26). Public Pensions, Once Off Limits, Face Budget Cuts. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dunlap 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Martin 2015; Parak 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hardie and Franze 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Gehrels et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Counseling
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Couns.
ISSN (print)1059-7700
ISSN (online)1573-3599

Other styles