How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Counseling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Counseling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cock, M. (2010). Biopiracy rules should not block biological control. Nature, 467(7314), 369.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Connell, P. A., & McKenna, G. B. (2005). Rheological measurements of the thermoviscoelastic response of ultrathin polymer films. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5716), 1760–1763.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lonsdorf, E. V., Eberly, L. E., & Pusey, A. E. (2004). Sex differences in learning in chimpanzees. Nature, 428(6984), 715–716.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Masmanidis, S. C., Karabalin, R. B., De Vlaminck, I., Borghs, G., Freeman, M. R., & Roukes, M. L. (2007). Multifunctional nanomechanical systems via tunably coupled piezoelectric actuation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 780–783.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valizadeh, P. (2016). Field Effect Transistors, A Comprehensive Overview. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Terry, J. P. (2013). Reef-Platform Coral Boulders: Evidence for High-Energy Marine Inundation Events on Tropical Coastlines. (A. Y. A. Lau & S. Etienne, Eds.). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dudek-Dyduch, E., & Horzyk, A. (2008). The Influence of Training Data Availability Time on Effectiveness of ANN Adaptation Process. In L. Rutkowski, R. Tadeusiewicz, L. A. Zadeh, & J. M. Zurada (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing – ICAISC 2008: 9th International Conference Zakopane, Poland, June 22-26, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 28–39). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Counseling.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 24). Comet 67P Smells Like Cat Pee, Almonds, And Rotten Eggs. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Evaluation and the Research Process (No. 094329). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rich, D. W. (2009). Examining the relationship of values-based management in performance evaluations (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, April 12). Mystery of the Hamilton Painting at City Hall: Lost, Stolen or Never There? New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cock 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cock 2010; O’Connell and McKenna 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Connell and McKenna 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Masmanidis et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Counseling
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Couns.
ISSN (print)1059-7700
ISSN (online)1573-3599

Other styles