How to format your references using the Journal of Gambling Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gambling Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett, B. A. (2003). Geophysics. The thermal state of Earth’s core. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5613), 1675–1677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ullman, K. S., & Powers, M. A. (2015). STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Locking down the core of the pore. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6256), 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acuña, J. L., López-Urrutia, Á., & Colin, S. (2011). Faking giants: the evolution of high prey clearance rates in jellyfishes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6049), 1627–1629.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, Y.-F., Liu, F., Long, Z.-L., Duan, X.-J., Cui, Q., Yan, J. H., & Chen, H.-F. (2014). Steady-state BOLD response modulates low frequency neural oscillations. Scientific reports, 4, 7376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mastro, P. F. (2016). Plastics Product Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Teyssière, G., & Kirman, A. P. (Eds.). (2007). Long Memory in Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Membrey, P., & Hows, D. (2015). Essential Commands. In D. Hows (Ed.), Learn Raspberry Pi 2 with Linux and Windows 10 (pp. 97–116). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gambling Studies.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2017, January 10). Science Reveals Secrets To Dexterity Of Elephants’ Trunks. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Administration of Payroll Matters for Civilian Employees, Marine Corps Development and Education Command (No. 092125). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, E. (2014). Transitional services for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dao, J., & Walsh, M. W. (2011, September 19). Retiree Plans For Military Face Scrutiny. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buffett 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Buffett 2003; Ullman and Powers 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ullman and Powers 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gambling Studies
AbbreviationJ. Gambl. Stud.
ISSN (online)1573-3602
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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