How to format your references using the Journal of Gambling Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gambling Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smetacek, V. (2002). Microbial food webs. The ocean’s veil. Nature, 419(6907), 565.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barve, A., & Wagner, A. (2013). A latent capacity for evolutionary innovation through exaptation in metabolic systems. Nature, 500(7461), 203–206.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirn, T. J., Jude, B. A., & Taylor, R. K. (2005). A colonization factor links Vibrio cholerae environmental survival and human infection. Nature, 438(7069), 863–866.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fletcher, S. P., Dumur, F., Pollard, M. M., & Feringa, B. L. (2005). A reversible, unidirectional molecular rotary motor driven by chemical energy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5745), 80–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frueh, B. C., Grubaugh, A. L., Elhai, J. D., & Ford, J. D. (2012). Assessment and Treatment Planning for PTSD. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, Z. (2016). Social Video Content Delivery. (J. Liu & W. Zhu, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rezaei, G., Kirley, M., & Pfau, J. (2009). Evolving Cooperation in the N-player Prisoner’s Dilemma: A Social Network Model. In K. Korb, M. Randall, & T. Hendtlass (Eds.), Artificial Life: Borrowing from Biology: 4th Australian Conference, ACAL 2009, Melbourne, Australia, December 1-4, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 43–52). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gambling Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 4). Here’s How We Can Save The Car – And The Planet At The Same Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Airports’ Efforts to Deal with Date Change Problem (No. RCED/AIMD-99-57). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joppy, D. A. (2013). Principal Socialization in One Virginia School District: A Phenomenological Investigation (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, June 25). World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Journalists Sentenced. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smetacek 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Barve and Wagner 2013; Smetacek 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barve and Wagner 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Fletcher et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gambling Studies
AbbreviationJ. Gambl. Stud.
ISSN (online)1573-3602
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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