How to format your references using the Journal of Gambling Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gambling Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice, S. A. (2000). Optical control of reactions. Nature, 403(6769), 496–497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nath, D., & Shadan, S. (2011). Dynamics of the cell. Nature, 475(7356), 307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suttmeier, R. P., Cao, C., & Simon, D. F. (2006). Priorities and funding. “Knowledge innovation” and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5770), 58–59.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Levsky, J. M., Shenoy, S. M., Pezo, R. C., & Singer, R. H. (2002). Single-cell gene expression profiling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 836–840.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reid, R., Fraser-King, G., & Schwaderer, W. D. (2006). Data Lifecycles. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dorizzi, B., Chollet, G., & Petrovska-Delacrétaz, D. (Eds.). (2009). Guide to Biometric Reference Systems and Performance Evaluation. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hollingsworth, K. G., & Weber, M.-A. (2013). Advanced and Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Techniques. In M. P. Wattjes & D. Fischer (Eds.), Neuromuscular Imaging (pp. 35–53). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gambling Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, April 14). Cone Snail Pain Killers Could be 100 Times As Effective As Morphine. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Feasibility of Treating Contractors’ Independent Research and Development Costs as a Budget Line Item (No. B-164912). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trantham, L. C. (2012). PSA surveillance following radical prostatectomy: What we know and why it matters (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009, November 3). Girardi Was Right, Manuel More So. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rice 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Nath and Shadan 2011; Rice 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nath and Shadan 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Levsky et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gambling Studies
AbbreviationJ. Gambl. Stud.
ISSN (online)1573-3602
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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