How to format your references using the Journal of Gambling Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gambling Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levitin, C. (2000). Russian PM supports science. Nature, 405(6785), 384.
A journal article with 2 authors
Korkusinski, M., & Hawrylak, P. (2014). Quantum strain sensor with a topological insulator HgTe quantum dot. Scientific reports, 4, 4903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pozzi, F., Di Matteo, T., & Aste, T. (2013). Spread of risk across financial markets: better to invest in the peripheries. Scientific reports, 3, 1665.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
McCulloch, S. D., Kokoska, R. J., Masutani, C., Iwai, S., Hanaoka, F., & Kunkel, T. A. (2004). Preferential cis-syn thymine dimer bypass by DNA polymerase eta occurs with biased fidelity. Nature, 428(6978), 97–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kimball, R., & Ross, M. (2015). The Kimball Group Reader. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rosengren, S., Dahlén, M., & Okazaki, S. (Eds.). (2013). Advances in Advertising Research (Vol. IV): The Changing Roles of Advertising. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Fujii, H., & Sugihara, K. (2010). Properties and an Approximation Algorithm of Round-Tour Voronoi Diagrams. In M. L. Gavrilova, C. J. K. Tan, & F. Anton (Eds.), Transactions on Computational Science IX: Special Issue on Voronoi Diagrams in Science and Engineering (pp. 109–122). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gambling Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 17). We Should Not Dismiss The Dangers Of ‘Killer Robots’ So Quickly. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Joint Strike Fighter: Significant Challenges and Decisions Ahead (No. GAO-10-478T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ciolek, R. (2017). A Mixed Method Study on the Missouri Beginning Teachers Assistance Program and Teacher Retention in Saint Louis School Districts (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2005, December 29). It’s Like “Sex and the City,” Only the City Is Moscow. New York Times, p. E3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levitin 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Korkusinski and Hawrylak 2014; Levitin 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Korkusinski and Hawrylak 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (McCulloch et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gambling Studies
AbbreviationJ. Gambl. Stud.
ISSN (online)1573-3602
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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