How to format your references using the Journal of Forestry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forestry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simon SH (2009) Physics. A sound (and light) way to measure confined electrons. Science 324:1022–1023
A journal article with 2 authors
Parvatiyar K, Harhaj EW (2010) Cell signaling. Anchors away for ubiquitin chains. Science 328:1244–1245
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta G, Jalil MBA, Liang G (2014) Evaluation of mobility in thin Bi2Se3 topological insulator for prospects of local electrical interconnects. Sci Rep 4:6838
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu L, Wong TP, Pozza MF, et al (2004) Role of NMDA receptor subtypes in governing the direction of hippocampal synaptic plasticity. Science 304:1021–1024

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barton LL, Northup DE (2011) Microbial Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
das Neves J, Sarmento B (eds) (2014) Mucosal Delivery of Biopharmaceuticals: Biology, Challenges and Strategies. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Leikin M (2016) What Do We Learn from Neurolinguistics? In: Ginsburgh V, Weber S (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Economics and Language. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 121–136

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forestry Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Biologists Discover New “Silver Boa” Species Of Snake On Remote Caribbean Island. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Rail Transit: Observations on FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Loretz N (2009) Human trafficking: Identification, education, and awareness: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Texas Association Criticized for Ruling on Jewish Team. New York Times B16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Warrant 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2000; Roy 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parvatiyar and Harhaj 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Tanaka et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forestry Research
AbbreviationJ. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1007-662X
ISSN (online)1993-0607

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