How to format your references using the Journal of Forestry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forestry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Romanowicz B (2009) Geophysics. The thickness of tectonic plates. Science 324:474–476
A journal article with 2 authors
Land MF, Osorio D (2014) Physiology. Extraordinary color vision. Science 343:381–382
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith J, Van Dyken JD, Zee PC (2010) A generalization of Hamilton’s rule for the evolution of microbial cooperation. Science 328:1700–1703
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sereno PC, Tan L, Brusatte SL, et al (2009) Tyrannosaurid skeletal design first evolved at small body size. Science 326:418–422

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigg NS (2010) Infrastructure Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wickramasinghe N, Al-Hakim L, Gonzalez C, Tan J (eds) (2014) Lean Thinking for Healthcare. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Rossener R, Carvalho LFP, Salgado JL, Abrao MS (2014) Laparoscopic Excision of Endometriosis. In: Escobar PF, Falcone T (eds) Atlas of Single-Port, Laparoscopic, and Robotic Surgery: A Practical Approach in Gynecology. Springer, New York, NY, pp 59–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forestry Research.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Ignoring Hormones And Sex Is Undermining Clinical Trials. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Information Technology: Comments on Proposed OMB Guidance for Implementing the Government Paperwork Elimination Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall D (2015) Resistance, reluctance, and revelation: Examining faculty perceptions of online learning options at a Faith-Based university. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson J (2017) Being and Gnarliness. New York Times BR16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Romanowicz 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Romanowicz 2009; Land and Osorio 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Land and Osorio 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sereno et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forestry Research
AbbreviationJ. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1007-662X
ISSN (online)1993-0607

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