How to format your references using the Journal of Forestry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forestry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G (2002) Physics guidelines drop equal-responsibility clause. Nature 420:258
A journal article with 2 authors
Kanematsu Y, Takahashi K (2007) Employing Japan’s postdocs. Nature 447:1028
A journal article with 3 authors
Berger G, Graef F, Pfeffer H (2013) Glyphosate applications on arable fields considerably coincide with migrating amphibians. Sci Rep 3:2622
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mitchell B, Jacobs R, Li J, et al (2007) A positive feedback mechanism governs the polarity and motion of motile cilia. Nature 447:97–101

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor K, Aardema F (2011) Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Milačič R, Ščančar J, Paunović M (eds) (2015) The Sava River. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Koch M, Pauls K (2006) Engineering Self-protection for Autonomous Systems. In: Baresi L, Heckel R (eds) Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, FASE 2006, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2006, Vienna, Austria, March 27-28, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forestry Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Your Lungs Are Full Of Microorganisms … And That’s A Good Thing. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Student Achievement Standards and Testing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karyekar M (2014) Translating observation into narration: The “sentimental” anthropology of Georg Forster (1754-1794). Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Tennis Divided by Wild Cards for Sharapova. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel 2002; Kanematsu and Takahashi 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kanematsu and Takahashi 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Mitchell et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forestry Research
AbbreviationJ. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1007-662X
ISSN (online)1993-0607

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