How to format your references using the Journal of Equine Veterinary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Narasimha R. Divide, conquer and unify. Nature 2004;432:807.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bays PM, Husain M. Dynamic shifts of limited working memory resources in human vision. Science 2008;321:851–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pyenson ND, Irmis RB, Lipps JH. Comment on “Climate, critters, and cetaceans: Cenozoic drivers of the evolution of modern whales.” Science 2010;330:178; author reply 178.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim K-J, Lee J-C, Ahn S-M, Lee K-S, Lee C-W, Cho YJ, et al. Interdimensional universality of dynamic interfaces. Nature 2009;458:740–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis TB. Audel Industrial Multi-Craft Mini-Ref. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Schousboe I, Winther-Lindqvist D, editors. Children’s Play and Development: Cultural-Historical Perspectives. vol. 8. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Barcelo J, Bellalta B, Oliver M, Banchs A. Collision-Free Operation in Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks. In: Sacchi C, Bellalta B, Vinel A, Schlegel C, Granelli F, Zhang Y, editors. Multiple Access Communications: 4th International Workshop, MACOM 2011, Trento, Italy, September 12-13, 2011. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Equine Veterinary Science.

Blog post
Andrew D. Watch Two Sarcastic Fringeheads Fight. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comparison of States’ Highway Construction Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee T. Implementation of an after-school program to reduce the suicide risk of transgender youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. Local Bakeries Prepare for Holiday Overdrive. New York Times 2013:LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Equine Veterinary Science
AbbreviationJ. Equine Vet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0737-0806

Other styles