How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schluter, D., 2009. Evidence for ecological speciation and its alternative. Science 323, 737–741.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shin, D., Cho, K.-H., 2013. Recurrent connections form a phase-locking neuronal tuner for frequency-dependent selective communication. Sci. Rep. 3, 2519.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mavrodiev, P., Tessone, C.J., Schweitzer, F., 2013. Quantifying the effects of social influence. Sci. Rep. 3, 1360.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kinoshita, K., Arnal, I., Desai, A., Drechsel, D.N., Hyman, A.A., 2001. Reconstitution of physiological microtubule dynamics using purified components. Science 294, 1340–1343.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Di Stefano, M., 2005. Distributed Data Management for Grid Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Carr, B.I. (Ed.), 2005. Hepatocellular Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment, Current Clinical Oncology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Blonder, R., Sakhnini, S., 2016. What Are the Basic Concepts of Nanoscale Science and Technology (NST) that Should Be Included in NST Educational Programs?, in: Winkelmann, K., Bhushan, B. (Eds.), Global Perspectives of Nanoscience and Engineering Education, Science Policy Reports. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 117–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Radioactivity.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Watch What Happens When You Fire A Ball At Sixty MPH Out Of A Truck Traveling Sixty MPH In The Opposite Direction [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1966. Comments on Bill To Amend NASA Act of 1958 (No. B-141387). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy, A.C., 2012. Tangle towns tie-breaker: A multidimensional knapsack study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2016. Mastering the Strings Without Hearing a Sound. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schluter, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Schluter, 2009; Shin and Cho, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shin and Cho, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kinoshita et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Radioact.
ISSN (print)0265-931X
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles