How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chawla, D.S., 2015. Badges of distinction. Nature 526, 145–146.
A journal article with 2 authors
Povolotskaya, I.S., Kondrashov, F.A., 2010. Sequence space and the ongoing expansion of the protein universe. Nature 465, 922–926.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prytkova, T.R., Kurnikov, I.V., Beratan, D.N., 2007. Coupling coherence distinguishes structure sensitivity in protein electron transfer. Science 315, 622–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hou, D., Xie, X.P., Zhang, Y.L., Wu, J.T., Chen, Z.Y., Zhao, J.Y., 2013. Highly stable wideband microwave extraction by synchronizing widely tunable optoelectronic oscillator with optical frequency comb. Sci. Rep. 3, 3509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lunt, R.R., Cunic, J.D., 2000. Profiles in Flue Gas Desulfurization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ślęzak, D., Kim, T.-H., Ma, J., Fang, W.-C., Sandnes, F.E., Kang, B.-H., Gu, B. (Eds.), 2009. U- and E-Service, Science and Technology: International Conference, UNESST 2009, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2009, Jeju Island, Korea, December 10-12, 2009. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, X., Zhu, Y., Jin, Y., 2014. Recognizing and Reordering the Translation Units in a Long NP for Chinese-English Patent Machine Translation, in: Shi, X., Chen, Y. (Eds.), Machine Translation: 10th China Workshop, CWMT 2014, Macau, China, November 4-6, 2014. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Radioactivity.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Type 2 Diabetes Might Be Caused By Your Bacteria [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Medical Residents: Options Exist to Make Student Loan Payments Manageable (No. HRD-92-21). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warner, T., 2015. California Assembly Bill 2404 Fair Play in Community Sports Act compliance procedures manual (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Gebeloff, R., 2016. Segregation, the Neighbor That Won’t Leave. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chawla, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chawla, 2015; Povolotskaya and Kondrashov, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Povolotskaya and Kondrashov, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hou et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Radioact.
ISSN (print)0265-931X
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles