How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berger, F., 2004. Plant sciences. Imprinting--a green variation. Science 303, 483–485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mabuchi, H., Doherty, A.C., 2002. Cavity quantum electrodynamics: coherence in context. Science 298, 1372–1377.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rey, P.F., Coltice, N., Flament, N., 2014. Spreading continents kick-started plate tectonics. Nature 513, 405–408.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bormuth, V., Varga, V., Howard, J., Schäffer, E., 2009. Protein friction limits diffusive and directed movements of kinesin motors on microtubules. Science 325, 870–873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, W., 2014. GAAP for Governments 2014. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Scaglione, M., 2012. La TCMD nel trauma ad elevata energia, Springer ABC. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Pandey, R., 2016. Cash and Debt Management in States, in: Singh, C. (Ed.), Public Debt Management: Separation of Debt from Monetary Management in India, India Studies in Business and Economics. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Radioactivity.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. 3D-Printed Smart Bottle Cap Could Tell You When Your Food Has Expired [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Aviation Competition: Challenges in Enhancing Competition in Dominated Markets (No. GAO-01-518T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fair, C.L., 2012. Structure of the Roberts Mountains allochthon in the Three Bar Ranch Quadrangle, Roberts Mountains, Eureka County, Nevada (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 1999. Inspiring Without Saying a Word. New York Times F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berger, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Berger, 2004; Mabuchi and Doherty, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mabuchi and Doherty, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bormuth et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Radioact.
ISSN (print)0265-931X
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles