How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2002. Norway: Turning oil into science. Nature 417, 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cox, P., Jones, C., 2008. Climate change. Illuminating the modern dance of climate and CO2. Science 321, 1642–1644.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shipley, B., Vile, D., Garnier, E., 2006. From plant traits to plant communities: a statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity. Science 314, 812–814.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dale, G.L., Friese, P., Batar, P., Hamilton, S.F., Reed, G.L., Jackson, K.W., Clemetson, K.J., Alberio, L., 2002. Stimulated platelets use serotonin to enhance their retention of procoagulant proteins on the cell surface. Nature 415, 175–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheller-Sheridan, C., 2011. Basic Guide to Dental Instruments. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Volkmann, C.K., Tokarski, K.O., Ernst, K. (Eds.), 2012. Social Entrepreneurship and Social Business: An Introduction and Discussion with Case Studies. Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Park, D.J., Yoon, M., 2014. Optimum Confidence Interval Analysis in Two-Factor Mixed Model with a Concomitant Variable for Gauge Study, in: Xu, H., Wang, X. (Eds.), Optimization and Control Methods in Industrial Engineering and Construction, Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Radioactivity.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. New Study Reveals The History Of Cats’ Global Empire [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Department of Energy: Procedures Lacking to Protect Computerized Data (No. AIMD-95-118). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdy, D.W., 2017. Identifying Shallow Foundation Failure Modes and Mechanisms Using Surveillance of a Transparent Granular Soil Surrogate (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., Baker, A.L., 2016. Cloak of Silence Descends After a Killing on a Bronx Park’s Edge. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cox and Jones, 2008; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cox and Jones, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dale et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Radioact.
ISSN (print)0265-931X
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

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