How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuyuno, I., 2005. Ancient foil maker wraps up mobile-phone market. Nature 436, 775.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ogura, K., Okamura, H., 2013. Conformational change of Sos-derived proline-rich peptide upon binding Grb2 N-terminal SH3 domain probed by NMR. Sci. Rep. 3, 2913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki, N., Nishiura, M., Wakatsuki, Y., 2002. Isolation and structural characterization of 1-zirconacyclopent-3-yne, five-membered cyclic alkynes. Science 295, 660–663.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jia, Y., Cheng, C., Vázquez de Aldana, J.R., Castillo, G.R., Rabes, B. del R., Tan, Y., Jaque, D., Chen, F., 2014. Monolithic crystalline cladding microstructures for efficient light guiding and beam manipulation in passive and active regimes. Sci. Rep. 4, 5988.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes, T., 2013. Constantine. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Boeyens, J.C.A., Comba, P. (Eds.), 2013. Electronic Structure and Number Theory: Bohr’s Boldest Dream, Structure and Bonding. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, N., 2011. Cultural Attitudes and Horse Technologies: A View on Chariots and Stirrups from the Eastern End of the Eurasian Continent, in: Günergun, F., Raina, D. (Eds.), Science between Europe and Asia: Historical Studies on the Transmission, Adoption and Adaptation of Knowledge, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 57–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Radioactivity.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Ten Years After The De Menezes Killing, We’re No Better At Identifying Faces [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. GAO ADP Data Lines: Issue No. 3 (No. 122633). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malekian, A., 2009. Combinatorial problems in online advertising (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte, L., 2011. Scouting Report. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuyuno, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Fuyuno, 2005; Ogura and Okamura, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ogura and Okamura, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Jia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Radioact.
ISSN (print)0265-931X
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles