How to format your references using the Journal of Educational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Educational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholls, H. (2011). The art of conservation. Nature, 472(7343), 287–289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, J., & Novick, R. P. (2009). Phage-mediated intergeneric transfer of toxin genes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5910), 139–141.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wisse, B. E., Kim, F., & Schwartz, M. W. (2007). Physiology. An integrative view of obesity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5852), 928–929.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, H., Zhou, J., Lan, C., Guo, Y., & Bi, K. (2014). Microwave memristive-like nonlinearity in a dielectric metamaterial. Scientific Reports, 4, 5499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ezra, D., Collie, B., & Smith, M. X. (2009). The Retirement Plan Solution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ebihara, Y. (2015). S-Variable Approach to LMI-Based Robust Control (D. Peaucelle & D. Arzelier, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar, E., & Holt, W. V. (2014). Impacts of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals on Reproduction in Wildlife. In W. V. Holt, J. L. Brown, & P. Comizzoli (Eds.), Reproductive Sciences in Animal Conservation: Progress and Prospects (pp. 55–70). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Educational Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 4). Can Americans Have Both Environmental Preservation And Expanded Oil Drilling? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980 Set the Stage for Uniform Patent Practice by Federal Agencies (PAD-82-32). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Voss, J. (2013). Supported housing program for severely mentally ill homeless individuals: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R. (2017, May 25). U.S.-Russia Hotline Buzzes Even After Strike on Syria. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nicholls, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Chen & Novick, 2009; Nicholls, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Novick, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Wisse et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Educational Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-0663
ISSN (online)1939-2176
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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