How to format your references using the Journal of Educational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Educational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bird, A. (2007). Perceptions of epigenetics. Nature, 447(7143), 396–398.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mettetal, J. T., & van Oudenaarden, A. (2007). Microbiology. Necessary noise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5837), 463–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wall, D. H., Nielsen, U. N., & Six, J. (2015). Soil biodiversity and human health. Nature, 528(7580), 69–76.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rioual, P., Andrieu-Ponel, V., Rietti-Shati, M., Battarbee, R. W., de Beaulieu, J. L., Cheddadi, R., … Shemesh, A. (2001). High-resolution record of climate stability in France during the last interglacial period. Nature, 413(6853), 293–296.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padmanabhan, T. R., & Bala Tripura Sundari, B. (2005). Design Through Verilog HDL. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Heywang, W. (2008). Piezoelectricity: Evolution and Future of a Technology. (K. Lubitz & W. Wersing, Eds.) (Vol. 114). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Godøy, R. I. (2009). Chunking Sound for Musical Analysis. In S. Ystad, R. Kronland-Martinet, & K. Jensen (Eds.), Computer Music Modeling and Retrieval. Genesis of Meaning in Sound and Music: 5th International Symposium, CMMR 2008 Copenhagen, Denmark, May 19-23, 2008 Revised Papers (pp. 67–80). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Educational Psychology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, March 2). Elephants Sleep The Least Of Any Mammal – Just Two Hours A Day. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Faces Challenges in Improving Its Financial Condition (No. T-RCED-00-30). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kovacev, R. J. (2008). Encouraging employee entrepreneurial spirit: A phenomenological case study of a large technology enterprise (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pennington, B. (2016, July 7). Youth Sports Go Broke as Trusted Adults Steal. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bryant, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2010; Covino, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mettetal & van Oudenaarden, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Wall, Nielsen, & Six, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Page et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Educational Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-0663
ISSN (online)1939-2176
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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