How to format your references using the Journal of Educational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Educational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yantis, S. (2003). Neuroscience. To see is to attend. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 54–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boos, W. R., & Kuang, Z. (2013). Sensitivity of the South Asian monsoon to elevated and non-elevated heating. Scientific Reports, 3, 1192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Husale, S., Persson, H. H. J., & Sahin, O. (2009). DNA nanomechanics allows direct digital detection of complementary DNA and microRNA targets. Nature, 462(7276), 1075–1078.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Serwold, T., Gonzalez, F., Kim, J., Jacob, R., & Shastri, N. (2002). ERAAP customizes peptides for MHC class I molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum. Nature, 419(6906), 480–483.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramirez, J. (2007). Accounting for Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Russell, C. T. (Ed.). (2009). New Horizons: Reconnaissance of the Pluto-Charon System and the Kuiper Belt. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Post, W. (2014). Wheel brakes. In K. Reif (Ed.), Brakes, Brake Control and Driver Assistance Systems: Function, Regulation and Components (pp. 56–73). Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Educational Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, April 26). How Ancient Warm Periods Can Help Predict Future Climate Change. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Highway Planning: Agencies Are Attempting to Expedite Environmental Reviews, but Barriers Remain (RCED-94-211). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuru, I. C. (2013). Time-Dependent Vehicle Routing and Assignment in No-Notice Evacuations [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, May 20). A Seminary’s Proud Tower Brings Unease to Neighbors. New York Times, 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yantis, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Boos & Kuang, 2013; Yantis, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boos & Kuang, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Husale et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Serwold et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Educational Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-0663
ISSN (online)1939-2176
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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