How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Growth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Growth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G. (2003). Bush seeks to beef up US nuclear-weapons arsenal. Nature, 422(6928), 101–102.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemingway, J., & Craig, A. (2004). Parasitology. New ways to control malaria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1984–1985.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldo, M. A., Thompson, M. E., & Forrest, S. R. (2000). High-efficiency fluorescent organic light-emitting devices using a phosphorescent sensitizer. Nature, 403(6771), 750–753.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Leaver, M., Domínguez-Cuevas, P., Coxhead, J. M., Daniel, R. A., & Errington, J. (2009). Life without a wall or division machine in Bacillus subtilis. Nature, 457(7231), 849–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, R. C. (2010). The Hedge Fund Book. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Alconada Magliano, T. M., & Chulze, S. N. (Eds.). (2013). Fusarium Head Blight in Latin America. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoo, I. S., Reitelshöfer, S., Landgraf, M., & Franke, J. (2015). Artificial Muscles, Made of Dielectric Elastomer Actuators - A Promising Solution for Inherently Compliant Future Robots. In A. Verl, A. Albu-Schäffer, O. Brock, & A. Raatz (Eds.), Soft Robotics: Transferring Theory to Application (pp. 33–41). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Growth.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 2). How Oliver Sacks Brought Readers Into His Patients’ Inner Worlds. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Office of Education Contracts With Consultants, Experts, and Consulting Organizations (No. MWD-76-11). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zakharov, D. (2010). The discrete Dirac operator and the discrete generalized Weierstrass representation in pseudo-Euclidean spaces (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, May 22). Legal Victory for Families of Disabled Students. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel 2003; Hemingway and Craig 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hemingway and Craig 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Leaver et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Growth
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Growth (Boston)
ISSN (print)1381-4338
ISSN (online)1573-7020
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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