How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Growth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Growth (J Econ Growth). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gottfried, K. (2000). Sowing nuclear misconceptions. Nature, 403(6766), 131–133.
A journal article with 2 authors
Russo, T., & Volterra, V. (2005). Comment on “children creating core properties of language: evidence from an emerging sign language in Nicaragua.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5731), 56; author reply 56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tarchini, B., Duboule, D., & Kmita, M. (2006). Regulatory constraints in the evolution of the tetrapod limb anterior-posterior polarity. Nature, 443(7114), 985–988.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kennett, D. J., Kennett, J. P., West, A., Mercer, C., Hee, S. S. Q., Bement, L., et al. (2009). Nanodiamonds in the Younger Dryas boundary sediment layer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5910), 94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schlechty, P. C. (2009). Leading for Learning. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Radovanović, S. (2006). High-Speed Photodiodes in Standard CMOS Technology. (A.-J. Annema & B. Nauta, Eds.) (Vol. 869). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Malcheva, R. (2011). 4 Application of Multilevel Design on the Base of UML for Digital System Developing. In M. Adamski, A. Barkalov, & M. Węgrzyn (Eds.), Design of Digital Systems and Devices (pp. 93–117). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Growth.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, May 3). Why You Probably Don’t Have More Than Five Close Friends. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Tax Systems Modernization: Comments on IRS’ Fiscal Year 1994 Budget Request (No. T-IMTEC-93-6). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yildiz, S. (2015). Performance analysis of space-time trellis coded MIMO-OFDM systems (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2007, September 28). Georgia: Ex-Minister Arrested After Assailing President. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gogotsi 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gächter 2015; Reik 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Russo and Volterra 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Egloff et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Growth
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Growth (Boston)
ISSN (print)1381-4338
ISSN (online)1573-7020
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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