How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Growth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Growth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pauly, D. (2007). Obituary: Ransom Aldrich Myers (1952-2007). Nature, 447(7141), 160.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldhaber-Gordon, I., & Goldhaber-Gordon, D. (2005). Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 6. Nature, 433(7028), 805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ioannou, C. C., Guttal, V., & Couzin, I. D. (2012). Predatory fish select for coordinated collective motion in virtual prey. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6099), 1212–1215.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Deng, W., Liang, X., Wu, X., Qian, J., Cao, Y., Ai, X., et al. (2013). A low cost, all-organic Na-ion battery based on polymeric cathode and anode. Scientific reports, 3, 2671.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holmes, J. D. (2016). Great Myths of Education and Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Liu, D., Zhang, H., Polycarpou, M., Alippi, C., & He, H. (Eds.). (2011). Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2011: 8th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2011, Guilin, China, May 29–June 1, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 6675). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Toulouevski, Y. N., & Zinurov, I. Y. (2015). Methods of Realization of High-Temperature Scrap Preheating. In I. Y. Zinurov (Ed.), Electric Arc Furnace with Flat Bath: Achievements and Prospects (pp. 69–82). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Growth.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 19). The Pope, Climate Change And The Cultural Dimensions Of The Anthropocene. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Acquisition Approach for Commercial Crew Transportation Includes Good Practices, but Faces Significant Challenges (No. GAO-12-282). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulukkunat, D. (2008). Biochemical Studies on Archaeal Ribonuclease P Reveal Thematic Convergence in Protein-Facilitated RNA Catalysis (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy, J., & Schwartz, J. (2016, September 9). U.S. Suspends Pipeline Work in Tribes’ Path. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pauly 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Goldhaber-Gordon and Goldhaber-Gordon 2005; Pauly 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldhaber-Gordon and Goldhaber-Gordon 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Growth
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Growth (Boston)
ISSN (print)1381-4338
ISSN (online)1573-7020
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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