How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Growth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Growth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel, J. M. (2012). Evolution. Suppression of sleep for mating. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6102), 1610–1611.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benefit, B. R., & McCrossin, M. L. (2015). EVOLUTION. A window into ape evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6260), 515–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillingham, M. S., Spies, M., & Kowalczykowski, S. C. (2003). RecBCD enzyme is a bipolar DNA helicase. Nature, 423(6942), 893–897.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ebisawa, K., Maeda, Y., Kaneda, H., & Yamauchi, S. (2001). Origin of the hard x-ray emission from the Galactic plane. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5535), 1633–1635.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fjeld, R. A., Eisenberg, N. A., & Compton, K. L. (2007). Quantitative Environmental Risk Analysis for Human Health. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aktas, B., & Mikailov, F. (Eds.). (2009). Advances in Nanoscale Magnetism: Proceedings of the International Conference on Nanoscale Magnetism ICNM-2007 June 25–29, Istanbul, Turkey (Vol. 122). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Charles, K. E., & Egan, V. (2008). Sensational and Extreme Interests in Adolescents. In R. N. Kocsis (Ed.), Serial Murder and the Psychology of Violent Crimes (pp. 63–83). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Growth.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, September 20). Cats Responsible For Driving Many Species To Extinction. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Human Capital Management: FAA’s Reform Effort Requires a More Strategic Approach (No. GAO-03-156). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crumlish, S. B. (2014). Domingo Chileno: An Overture for Orchestra (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, December 16). One More From The Heart. New York Times, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegel 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Benefit and McCrossin 2015; Siegel 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benefit and McCrossin 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ebisawa et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Growth
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Growth (Boston)
ISSN (print)1381-4338
ISSN (online)1573-7020
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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