How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Growth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Growth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanage, W. P. (2014). Microbiology: Microbiome science needs a healthy dose of scepticism. Nature, 512(7514), 247–248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heisler, I. A., & Meech, S. R. (2010). Low-frequency modes of aqueous alkali halide solutions: glimpsing the hydrogen bonding vibration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5967), 857–860.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cronberg, N., Natcheva, R., & Hedlund, K. (2006). Microarthropods mediate sperm transfer in mosses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5791), 1255.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Beaulieu, S., Comby, A., Clergerie, A., Caillat, J., Descamps, D., Dudovich, N., et al. (2017). Attosecond-resolved photoionization of chiral molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 358(6368), 1288–1294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khatib, T., & Elmenreich, W. (2016). Modeling of Photovoltaic Systems Using MATLAB ®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
O’Connor, R. V., Baddoo, N., Smolander, K., & Messnarz, R. (Eds.). (2008). Software Process Improvement: 15th European Conference, EuroSPI 2008, Dublin, Ireland, September 3-5, 2008. Proceedings (Vol. 16). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yen, H.-C. (2008). Concurrency, Synchronization, and Conflicts in Petri Nets. In O. H. Ibarra & B. Ravikumar (Eds.), Implementation and Applications of Automata: 13th International Conference, CIAA 2008, San Francisco, California, USA, July 21-24, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 33–35). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Growth.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 27). Scientists Build Working Heart Tissue Out Of Spinach Leaves. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). School Meals: USDA Could Improve Verification Process for Program Access (No. GAO-15-634T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh, H. (2013). A study of cell-based genetic algorithms with applications to neural networks (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, June 5). World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Europe Mission Chief Departs. New York Times, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hanage 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hanage 2014; Heisler and Meech 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heisler and Meech 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Beaulieu et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Growth
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Growth (Boston)
ISSN (print)1381-4338
ISSN (online)1573-7020
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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