How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Growth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Growth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linksvayer, T. (2014). Evolutionary biology: Survival of the fittest group. Nature, 514(7522), 308–309.
A journal article with 2 authors
Engel, H.-A., & Loss, D. (2005). Fermionic bell-state analyzer for spin qubits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5734), 586–588.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wittlinger, M., Wehner, R., & Wolf, H. (2006). The ant odometer: stepping on stilts and stumps. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5782), 1965–1967.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shcheprova, Z., Baldi, S., Frei, S. B., Gonnet, G., & Barral, Y. (2008). A mechanism for asymmetric segregation of age during yeast budding. Nature, 454(7205), 728–734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baudin, P. (2014). Wireless Transceiver Architecture. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Saeed, K., & Homenda, W. (Eds.). (2016). Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 15th IFIP TC8 International Conference, CISIM 2016, Vilnius, Lithuania, September 14-16, 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 9842). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Escalante, H. J., Montes, M., & Sucar, L. E. (2008). Improving Automatic Image Annotation Based on Word Co-occurrence. In N. Boujemaa, M. Detyniecki, & A. Nürnberger (Eds.), Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Retrieval, User, and Semantics: 5th International Workshop, AMR 2007, Paris, France, July 5-6, 2007 Revised Selected Papers (pp. 57–70). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Growth.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 10). Are You Overweight? The Clue’s In Your Poo. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Department of Education Could Improve Its Monitoring and Assistance (No. GAO-04-961). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colchero Dorado, R. (2008). Recovering memory in Jordi Soler’s “Los rojos de ultramar” (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, March 1). Trump’s Address Attracts 48 Million Viewers. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Linksvayer 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Engel and Loss 2005; Linksvayer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Engel and Loss 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Shcheprova et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Growth
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Growth (Boston)
ISSN (print)1381-4338
ISSN (online)1573-7020
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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