How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Growth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Growth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jacobs, M. (2012). Climate policy: Deadline 2015. Nature, 481(7380), 137–138.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zinkernagel, R. M., & Hengartner, H. (2001). Regulation of the immune response by antigen. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 251–253.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gorb, E. V., Purtov, J., & Gorb, S. N. (2014). Adhesion force measurements on the two wax layers of the waxy zone in Nepenthes alata pitchers. Scientific reports, 4, 5154.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, F., Zhang, L., Zhang, G.-L., Wang, Z.-B., Cui, X.-S., Kim, N.-H., & Sun, S.-C. (2014). WASH complex regulates Arp2/3 complex for actin-based polar body extrusion in mouse oocytes. Scientific reports, 4, 5596.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertin, E., Crespi, N., & Pujolle, G. (2013). Architecture and Governance for Communication Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
C.M. Ehren, M. (Ed.). (2016). Methods and Modalities of Effective School Inspections. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kress, T. M. (2014). Singing a Different Tune. In K. Tobin & A. Shady (Eds.), Transforming Urban Education: Urban Teachers and Students Working Collaboratively (pp. 53–69). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Growth.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, January 31). Immigration Fears Can Impact Birth Weight Of Even US Citizens’ Babies. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Justify Further Investment in Its Oceanic Display System (No. IMTEC-92-80). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adetunji, O. O. (2008). The Nature of Electronic States in Conducting Polymer Nano-Networks (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, December 31). The Kennedy Factor On the Roberts Court. New York Times, p. WK2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jacobs 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Jacobs 2012; Zinkernagel and Hengartner 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zinkernagel and Hengartner 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Growth
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Growth (Boston)
ISSN (print)1381-4338
ISSN (online)1573-7020
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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