How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Lipidology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Lipidology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klein J. Chemistry. Repair or replacement--a joint perspective. Science. 2009;323(5910):47-48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Romanowicz B, Giardini D. Geophysics. The future of permanent seismic networks. Science. 2001;293(5537):2000-2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spéder P, Adám G, Noselli S. Type ID unconventional myosin controls left-right asymmetry in Drosophila. Nature. 2006;440(7085):803-807.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Das T, Kulkarni PD, Purandare SC, Barshilia HC, Bhattacharyya S, Chowdhury P. Anomalous enhancement in interfacial perpendicular magnetic anisotropy through uphill diffusion. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shynk JJ. Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Dilworth MJ, James EK, Sprent JI, Newton WE, eds. Nitrogen-Fixing Leguminous Symbioses. Vol 7. Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Riedl R, Léger PM. Topics in NeuroIS and a Taxonomy of Neuroscience Theories in NeuroIS. In: Léger PM, ed. Fundamentals of NeuroIS: Information Systems and the Brain. Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics. Springer; 2016:73-98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Lipidology.

Blog post
Davis J. Giant Ancient Skull Unearthed In Alaska May Have Once Belonged To A “King Bear.” IFLScience. Published March 21, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Issues Associated With Pipeline Regulation by the Surface Transportation Board. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aghaee M. Analysis of Dynamics and Optimal Control for an SIR Epidemiological Model with Time-Varying Populations. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rebanks J. An English Shepherd in America. New York Times. March 1, 2017:SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Lipidology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Lipidol.
ISSN (print)1933-2874
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles