How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Lipidology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Lipidology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nurse P. Systems biology: understanding cells. Nature. 2003;424(6951):883.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campillo M, Paul A. Long-range correlations in the diffuse seismic coda. Science. 2003;299(5606):547-549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joachim C, Gimzewski JK, Aviram A. Electronics using hybrid-molecular and mono-molecular devices. Nature. 2000;408(6812):541-548.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wörner HJ, Bertrand JB, Fabre B, et al. Conical intersection dynamics in NO2 probed by homodyne high-harmonic spectroscopy. Science. 2011;334(6053):208-212.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meschede D. Optics, Light, and Lasers. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
Aroyo L, Antoniou G, Hyvönen E, et al., eds. The Semantic Web: Research and Applications: 7th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2010, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, May 30 – June 3, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Vol 6089. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
vanVliet PCJ, Hendrix PF. Role of Fauna in Soil Physical Processes. In: Abbott LK, Murphy DV, eds. Soil Biological Fertility: A Key to Sustainable Land Use in Agriculture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2004:61-80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Lipidology.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Plankton Help Control Clouds Over The World’s Most Remote Oceans. IFLScience. Published July 21, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Internet Protocol Version 6: Federal Agencies Need to Plan for Transition and Manage Security Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romano TA. Time-frequency classification of gamma oscillatory activity in the frontoparietal system during working memory. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. Austin Filmmaker Scores Sight Unseen at Sundance. New York Times. February 27, 2011:A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Lipidology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Lipidol.
ISSN (print)1933-2874
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles