How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Lipidology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Lipidology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuervo AM. Cell biology. Autophagy’s top chef. Science. 2011;332(6036):1392-1393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gislason SR, Oelkers EH. Geochemistry. Carbon storage in basalt. Science. 2014;344(6182):373-374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liang PS, Park TS, Yoon JY. Rapid and reagentless detection of microbial contamination within meat utilizing a smartphone-based biosensor. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5953.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cui XD, Primak A, Zarate X, et al. Reproducible measurement of single-molecule conductivity. Science. 2001;294(5542):571-574.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbosa P, Berry DL, Kary CS. Insect Histology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Carey WM. Ocean Ambient Noise: Measurement and Theory. 1st ed. (Evans RB, ed.). Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Engquist B. Multi-scale Modeling. In: Benedicks M, Jones PW, Smirnov S, Winckler B, eds. Perspectives in Analysis: Essays in Honor of Lennart Carleson’s 75th Birthday. Mathematical Physics Studies. Springer; 2005:51-61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Lipidology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. No, There Was No Special Facebook Live Feed From The ISS Today. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Responses to Questions for the Record; September 2008 Hearing on the Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status and Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turney JJ. Police Supervisory Attributes That Influence Attitude towards Critical Incident Stress Management Programs. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Obliviously, Wentz Fuels The Eagles’ Giddy Rise. New York Times. October 30, 2017:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Lipidology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Lipidol.
ISSN (print)1933-2874
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles