How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Passing the interview. Nature. 2004;429:112.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jensen K, Murray F. Intellectual property. Enhanced: intellectual property landscape of the human genome. Science. 2005;310:239–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Finkelstein IJ, Visnapuu M-L, Greene EC. Single-molecule imaging reveals mechanisms of protein disruption by a DNA translocase. Nature. 2010;468:983–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Srivastava S, Santos A, Critchley K, Kim K-S, Podsiadlo P, Sun K, et al. Light-controlled self-assembly of semiconductor nanoparticles into twisted ribbons. Science. 2010;327:1355–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bragg SM. Controllership. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Linghu E, editor. Therapeutics of Digestive Endoscopic Tunnel Technique. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. McCormick K, Anderberg S, Neij L. Sustainable Urban Transformation and the Green Urban Economy. In: Simpson R, Zimmermann M, editors. The Economy of Green Cities: A World Compendium on the Green Urban Economy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 33–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. What It’s Like Inside The Doomsday Vault That Stores Every Known Crop On The Planet. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Many Federal Programs Fund Transportation Services, but Obstacles to Coordination Persist. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 May. Report No.: GAO-03-698T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dill KD. Nonparametric alternative to Poly-k test in animal tumorigenicity studies [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Endrst J. Hugh O’Brian, Dashing Leading Man Remembered for ‘Wyatt Earp,’ Dies at 91. New York Times. 2016 Sep 6;B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0271-9142
ISSN (online)1573-2592
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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