How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Slavin JA. Planetary science. A dynamic twist in the tail. Science. 2012;336:548–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fyke J, Eby M. Comment on “Climate sensitivity estimated from temperature reconstructions of the Last Glacial Maximum.” Science. 2012;337:1294; author reply 1294.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Norell MA, Makovicky PJ, Currie PJ. Palaeontology. The beaks of ostrich dinosaurs. Nature. 2001;412:873–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sordella R, Bell DW, Haber DA, Settleman J. Gefitinib-sensitizing EGFR mutations in lung cancer activate anti-apoptotic pathways. Science. 2004;305:1163–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Teodorescu P, Stănescu N-D, Pandrea N. Numerical Analysis with Applications in Mechanics and Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Macey GP, Cannon JZ, editors. Reclaiming the Land: Rethinking Superfund Institutions, Methods and Practices. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Smart WD. Writing Code in the Field: Implications for Robot Software Development. In: Brugali D, editor. Software Engineering for Experimental Robotics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 93–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Here’s Why You Should Be Sleeping Naked. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Local Coordination Prevents Duplication of Services at Federally Sponsored Indian Education Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Jun. Report No.: HRD-81-101.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gowetski DB. Manipulation of DNA topology using an artificial DNA-looping protein [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Protess B, Silver-Greenberg J. JPMorgan Said to Settle in Chinese Bribery Case. New York Times. 2016 Nov 17;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0271-9142
ISSN (online)1573-2592
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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