How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lea DW. Paleoclimate. The glacial tropical Pacific--not just a west side story. Science. 2002;297:202–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schneider RA, Helms JA. The cellular and molecular origins of beak morphology. Science. 2003;299:565–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kuhlen M, Madau P, Silk J. Exploring dark matter with Milky Way substructure. Science. 2009;325:970–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bikard D, Patel D, Le Metté C, Giorgi V, Camilleri C, Bennett MJ, et al. Divergent evolution of duplicate genes leads to genetic incompatibilities within A. thaliana. Science. 2009;323:623–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cherniakov M. An Introduction to Parametric Digital Filters and Oscillators. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003.
An edited book
1. Deng Z, Li H, editors. Proceedings of the 2015 Chinese Intelligent Automation Conference: Intelligent Information Processing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Senani R, Bhaskar DR, Singh AK, Singh VK. Design of Filters Using CFOAs. In: Bhaskar DR, Singh AK, Singh VK, editors. Current Feedback Operational Amplifiers and Their Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 81–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Solar-Powered Drone Could Fly Nonstop For Five Years. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Industry Operating and Marketing Practices Limit Market Entry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Aug. Report No.: RCED-90-147.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Canetta SE. Type III Neuregulin1 Signaling in Peripheral Sensory Neurons Affects Thermal Pain Sensation and Hyperalgesia [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. Elections Could Shift Power in Nassau. New York Times. 2007 Nov 4;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0271-9142
ISSN (online)1573-2592
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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