How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Key words. Nature. 2004;431:879.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Collins S, Bell G. Phenotypic consequences of 1,000 generations of selection at elevated CO2 in a green alga. Nature. 2004;431:566–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Huang X, Hansen N, Tsuji N. Hardening by annealing and softening by deformation in nanostructured metals. Science. 2006;312:249–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang K, Guo J, Ge Z, Zhang J. Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) regulate phenotypes of chondrocytes through Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pan CT, Hwang YM, Lin L, Chen Y-C. Design and Fabrication of Self-Powered Micro-Harvesters. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Lee J-D, Heshmati A, editors. Productivity, Efficiency, and Economic Growth in the Asia-Pacific Region. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Anastassiou GA, Argyros IK. Newton-Like Procedures and Their Applications in Multivariate Fractional Calculus. In: Argyros IK, editor. Intelligent Numerical Methods II: Applications to Multivariate Fractional Calculus. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Reveal Mechanism of Giant Plasma Solar “Rainstorms.” IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Serious Shortcomings in FAA’s Training Program Must Be Remedied. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jun. Report No.: T-RCED-90-86.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Willhite DG. Purification, Identification, and Partial Characterization of Proteins Associated with the Adaptive Immune Response to Soluble Protein Antigen in the American Cockroach (Periplaneta americana) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Loss to Nationals Brings Reminders of Early Season Demons. New York Times. 2017 Jun 16;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0271-9142
ISSN (online)1573-2592
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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