How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eagleman, D. M. (2004). Neuroscience. The where and when of intention. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5661), 1144–1146.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brisson, J. A., & Nuzhdin, S. V. (2008). Rarity of males in pea aphids results in mutational decay. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5859), 58.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai, L., Dalal, C. K., & Elowitz, M. B. (2008). Frequency-modulated nuclear localization bursts coordinate gene regulation. Nature, 455(7212), 485–490.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dawes, A. M. C., Illing, L., Clark, S. M., & Gauthier, D. J. (2005). All-optical switching in rubidium vapor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5722), 672–674.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mallée, R., Fuchs, W., & Eligehausen, R. (2013). Design of Fastenings for Use in Concrete - the CEN/TS 1992-4 Provisions. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kochergin, V. (2009). Porous Semiconductors: Optical Properties and Applications (H. Föll, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rhodes, R. (2005). Justice in Allocations for Terrorism, Biological Warfare, and Public Health. In M. Boylan (Ed.), Public Health Policy and Ethics (pp. 73–90). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 8). Why Do Men Get Erections In The Morning? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Weather Satellites: Planning for the Geostationary Satellite Program Needs More Attention (AIMD-97-37). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Siczek, M. M. (2014). Negotiating Socioacademic Space: The Lived Experience of International Second-Language Students in a Mainstream First-year Writing Course [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015, March 1). Before YouTube, Experimenting With Video. New York Times, WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eagleman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Brisson & Nuzhdin, 2008; Eagleman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brisson & Nuzhdin, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Cai et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dawes et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1380-3395
ISSN (online)1744-411X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Clinical Psychology

Other styles