How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Germain, R. N. (2001). The art of the probable: system control in the adaptive immune system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 240–245.
A journal article with 2 authors
D’Souza, V., & Summers, M. F. (2004). Structural basis for packaging the dimeric genome of Moloney murine leukaemia virus. Nature, 431(7008), 586–590.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, L.-Y., Redon, S., & Lingner, J. (2012). The human CST complex is a terminator of telomerase activity. Nature, 488(7412), 540–544.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schirawski, J., Mannhaupt, G., Münch, K., Brefort, T., Schipper, K., Doehlemann, G., Di Stasio, M., Rössel, N., Mendoza-Mendoza, A., Pester, D., Müller, O., Winterberg, B., Meyer, E., Ghareeb, H., Wollenberg, T., Münsterkötter, M., Wong, P., Walter, M., Stukenbrock, E., … Kahmann, R. (2010). Pathogenicity determinants in smut fungi revealed by genome comparison. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6010), 1546–1548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paultre, P. (2013). Dynamics of Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mucherino, A., Lavor, C., Liberti, L., & Maculan, N. (Eds.). (2013). Distance Geometry: Theory, Methods, and Applications. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferraro, R. (2007). Transformation of the Electromagnetic Field. In R. Ferraro (Ed.), Einstein’s Space-Time: An Introduction to Special and General Relativity (pp. 117–134). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, December 24). Mysterious Phase Of Matter Prevents Superconductivity. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Railroad Regulation: Competitive Access and Its Effects on Selected Railroads and Shippers (RCED-87-109). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verdi, K. C. (2017). What Does It Mean to Be a Service-Learning Teacher? - An Autoethnography [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, July 15). A Retail Internship. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Germain, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (D’Souza & Summers, 2004; Germain, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (D’Souza & Summers, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schirawski et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1380-3395
ISSN (online)1744-411X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Clinical Psychology

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