How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gasparini, N. M. (2014). Earth science: A fresh look at river flow. Nature, 513(7519), 490–491.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsubouchi, T., & Roeder, G. S. (2005). A synaptonemal complex protein promotes homology-independent centromere coupling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5723), 870–873.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKemy, D. D., Neuhausser, W. M., & Julius, D. (2002). Identification of a cold receptor reveals a general role for TRP channels in thermosensation. Nature, 416(6876), 52–58.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bell, S., Wüstenberg, B., Kaiser, S., Menges, F., Netscher, T., & Pfaltz, A. (2006). Asymmetric hydrogenation of unfunctionalized, purely alkyl-substituted olefins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5761), 642–644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morri, G., & Mazza, A. (2014). Property Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mordeson, J. N. (2005). Fuzzy Group Theory (K. R. Bhutani & A. Rosenfeld, Eds.; Vol. 182). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stepien, A., Koivurova, T., Gremsperger, A., & Niemi, H. (2014). Arctic Indigenous Peoples and the Challenge of Climate Change. In E. Tedsen, S. Cavalieri, & R. A. Kraemer (Eds.), Arctic Marine Governance: Opportunities for Transatlantic Cooperation (pp. 71–99). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 1). Bilateral gynandromorphs - animals that are quite literally, half male and half female. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Early Childhood Programs: Multiple Programs and Overlapping Target Groups (HEHS-95-4FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hobbs, E. (2017). Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenberg, J. (2016, December 23). The Long, Long Road to Building ‘Fences.’ New York Times, AR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gasparini, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gasparini, 2014; Tsubouchi & Roeder, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsubouchi & Roeder, 2005)
  • Three authors: (McKemy et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bell et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1380-3395
ISSN (online)1744-411X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Clinical Psychology

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