How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenspan, N. S. (2001). You can’t have it all. Nature, 409(6817), 137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yan, Y., & Pennycook, S. J. (2000). Atomic structure of the quasicrystal Al72Ni20Co8. Nature, 403(6767), 266–267.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoffelen, J.-M., Oostenveld, R., & Fries, P. (2005). Neuronal coherence as a mechanism of effective corticospinal interaction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 111–113.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dasgupta, S., Rajapakshe, K., Zhu, B., Nikolai, B. C., Yi, P., Putluri, N., … O’Malley, B. W. (2018). Metabolic enzyme PFKFB4 activates transcriptional coactivator SRC-3 to drive breast cancer. Nature, 556(7700), 249–254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanchez, A., & Carro, B. (2017). Digital Services in the 21st Century. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Danelutto, M. (2008). Making Grids Work: Proceedings of the CoreGRID Workshop on Programming Models Grid and P2P System Architecture Grid Systems, Tools and Environments 12-13 June 2007, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. (P. Fragopoulou & V. Getov, Eds.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Sayaf, R., Clarke, D., & Harper, R. (2015). $$\mathrm{CPS}^2$$ : A Contextual Privacy Framework for Social Software. In J. Tian, J. Jing, & M. Srivatsa (Eds.), International Conference on Security and Privacy in Communication Networks: 10th International ICST Conference, SecureComm 2014, Beijing, China, September 24-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part II (pp. 25–32). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 11). Japan Restarts First Nuclear Power Plant Since Fukushima Disaster. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Aviation Workforce: Current and Future Availability of Aviation Engineering and Maintenance Professionals (No. GAO-14-237). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nepal, R. M. (2006). Class II MHC Function in Macrophages and Mice Infected with Mycobacterium (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke, J. (2017, April 15). The Ashes That Got Away. New York Times, p. SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenspan, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Greenspan, 2001; Yan & Pennycook, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yan & Pennycook, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Schoffelen, Oostenveld, & Fries, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dasgupta et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1380-3395
ISSN (online)1744-411X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Clinical Psychology

Other styles