How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreiter, A. (2014). Science at the sharp end of oppressive politics. Nature, 506(7487), 133.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, P. I., & Smith, M. J. (2014). Earth systems: Model human adaptation to climate change. Nature, 512(7515), 365–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, A., Wang, S., & Pacala, S. W. (2012). Comment on “Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6089), 1639; author reply 1639.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shimura, H., Schlossmacher, M. G., Hattori, N., Frosch, M. P., Trockenbacher, A., Schneider, R., Mizuno, Y., Kosik, K. S., & Selkoe, D. J. (2001). Ubiquitination of a new form of alpha-synuclein by parkin from human brain: implications for Parkinson’s disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 263–269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, B., & Wang, X. (2014). Chaos Analysis and Chaotic EMI Suppression of DC-DC Converters. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Bebis, G., Boyle, R., Parvin, B., Koracin, D., Fowlkes, C., Wang, S., Choi, M.-H., Mantler, S., Schulze, J., Acevedo, D., Mueller, K., & Papka, M. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in Visual Computing: 8th International Symposium, ISVC 2012, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, July 16-18, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part I (Vol. 7431). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cruz, J. A., Hoyos, L. R., & Lizcano, A. (2012). Unsaturated Soil Response under Plane Strain Conditions Using a Servo/Suction-Controlled Biaxial Apparatus. In C. Mancuso, C. Jommi, & F. D’Onza (Eds.), Unsaturated Soils: Research and Applications: Volume 1 (pp. 31–38). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, July 29). Skeletons From 400-Year-Old Gravesite Identified As Jamestown Leaders. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Responses to Questions for the Record; Hearing on JPDO and the Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status and Issues (GAO-07-918R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelton-Quinn, A. (2009). Increasing positive peer reporting and on -task behavior using a peer monitoring interdependent group contingency program with public posting [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2011, September 18). Logos à Go-Go. New York Times, ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreiter, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kreiter, 2014; Palmer & Smith, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer & Smith, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shimura et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1380-3395
ISSN (online)1744-411X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Clinical Psychology

Other styles