How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mahowald, N. Aerosol Indirect Effect on Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate. Science 2011, 334 (6057), 794–796.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gudmundsson, A.; Mohajeri, N. Entropy and Order in Urban Street Networks. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3324.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Connor, S.; Ono, R.; Clarkson, C. Pelagic Fishing at 42,000 Years before the Present and the Maritime Skills of Modern Humans. Science 2011, 334 (6059), 1117–1121.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, X. L.; Kuznetsov, A. E.; Zhang, H. F.; Boldyrev, A. I.; Wang, L. S. Observation of All-Metal Aromatic Molecules. Science 2001, 291 (5505), 859–861.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tschirhart, M.; Bielefeld, W. Managing Nonprofit Organizations; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: San Francisco, 2012.
An edited book
Melanoma, 1st ed. 2016.; Kaufman, H. L., Mehnert, J. M., Eds.; Cancer Treatment and Research; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 167.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Y.; Du, L.; Zou, C. Research on the Influence of Macroeconomic Factors on Consumer Finance Structure. In Proceedings of 2015 2nd International Conference on Industrial Economics System and Industrial Security Engineering; Li, M., Zhang, Q., Zhang, J., Li, Y., Eds.; Springer: Singapore, 2016; pp 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Astronomers Observe Star Dust Formation in Real Time. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. INS Investment Strategy; AIMD-96-26R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ahn, M. Student Perception of Language Achievement and Learner Autonomy in a Blended Korean Language Course: The Case Study of Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times. May 29, 1994, p 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Inf. Model.
ISSN (print)1549-9596
ISSN (online)1549-960X
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Computer Science Applications
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles