How to format your references using the Journal of Catalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Catalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Doebley, Plant science. Unfallen grains: how ancient farmers turned weeds into crops, Science. 312 (2006) 1318–1319.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Zhang, L. Lu, Anti-correlation of summer/winter monsoons?, Nature. 450 (2007) E7-8; discussion E8-9.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.N. Hansen, M.E. Zimmerman, D.L. Kohlstedt, Laboratory measurements of the viscous anisotropy of olivine aggregates, Nature. 492 (2012) 415–418.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z.-D. Gao, Y. Qu, T. Li, N.K. Shrestha, Y.-Y. Song, Development of amperometric glucose biosensor based on Prussian Blue functionlized TiO2 nanotube arrays, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6891.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Heckman, Designing Platform Independent Mobile Apps and Services, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
G. Passiante, ed., Evolving Towards the Internetworked Enterprise: Technological and Organizational Perspectives, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Jimbo, H. Takamura, M. Okumura, Solving Crossword Puzzles Using Extended Potts Model, in: H. Hattori, T. Kawamura, T. Idé, M. Yokoo, Y. Murakami (Eds.), New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI 2008 Conference and Workshops, Asahikawa, Japan, June 11-13, 2008, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Catalysis.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Imposter Nanosponges Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Infection, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Certification: FAA Has Made Continued Progress in Improving Its Processes for U.S. Aviation Products, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.K. Reece, Reservoir Facies Analysis of Middle Miocene Turbidites in Marlin, Dorado, and Nile Fields; Viosca Knoll, Deepwater Gulf of Mexico, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Goldsmith, Yes, We Are Holding Trump Accountable, New York Times. (2017) A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Catalysis
AbbreviationJ. Catal.
ISSN (print)0021-9517
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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