How to format your references using the Journal of Catalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Catalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Vrakking, Journal club. A physicist discusses how to visualize a molecule changing shape, Nature. 465 (2010) 271.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.E. Aldy, R.N. Stavins, Climate change. Climate negotiators create an opportunity for scholars, Science. 337 (2012) 1043–1044.
A journal article with 3 authors
H.Z. Shen, W. Wang, X.X. Yi, Hall conductance and topological invariant for open systems, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N.R. Tanvir, R. Chapman, A.J. Levan, R.S. Priddey, An origin in the local Universe for some short gamma-ray bursts, Nature. 438 (2005) 991–993.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.L. Meinert, Clinical Trials Dictionary, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
E. Padilla, P.C. Phan, eds., Christianities in Migration: The Global Perspective, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
R.J. Sommer, B.T. Spencer, Aging and Patent Foramen Ovale, in: Z. Amin, J.M. Tobis, H. Sievert, J.D. Carroll (Eds.), Patent Foramen Ovale, Springer, London, 2015: pp. 25–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Catalysis.

Blog post
J. Davis, August Ties With July As The Hottest Month Ever Recorded, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Better Management Needed in Automating the Federal Judiciary, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.L. Zimmerman, Perceived and preferred organizational culture on behavior intentions in the hospitality industry, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G.G. Gustines, Friendly Neighborhood Web-Slinger Exhibition, New York Times. (2017) C16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Catalysis
AbbreviationJ. Catal.
ISSN (print)0021-9517
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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