How to format your references using the Journal of Catalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Catalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O. Heffernan, The dry facts, Nature. 501 (2013) S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
N.L. Stephenson, A.J. Das, Comment on “Changes in climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant species’ optimum elevations,” Science. 334 (2011) 177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Vergassola, E. Villermaux, B.I. Shraiman, “Infotaxis” as a strategy for searching without gradients, Nature. 445 (2007) 406–409.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Kirk, J. Ruiz, J. Chesley, J. Walshe, G. England, A major Archean, gold- and crust-forming event in the Kaapvaal craton, South Africa, Science. 297 (2002) 1856–1858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Lagraña, E-mail and Behavioral Changes, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
P. von Mouche, F. Quartieri, eds., Equilibrium Theory for Cournot Oligopolies and Related Games: Essays in Honour of Koji Okuguchi, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Ackermann, H. Röglin, U. Schellbach, N. Schweer, Chapter 4. Analysis of Algorithms, in: M. Müller-Hannemann, S. Schirra (Eds.), Algorithm Engineering: Bridging the Gap between Algorithm Theory and Practice, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 127–193.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Catalysis.

Blog post
C. Carpineti, New Test Spots Glaucoma Years Before Conventional Tests, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Station: Prime Contract Changes, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.-C. E, The syntax of comparative correlatives in Mandarin Chinese, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Dynarski, A Trillion-Dollar Student Debt, With Mounting Risks, New York Times. (2017) BU4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Catalysis
AbbreviationJ. Catal.
ISSN (print)0021-9517
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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