How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. In the Picture. Nature 2005, 434, 251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adrain, C.; Martin, S.J. Cell Biology. Double Knockout Blow for Caspases. Science 2006, 311, 785–786.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wade, J.T.; Hall, D.B.; Struhl, K. The Transcription Factor Ifh1 Is a Key Regulator of Yeast Ribosomal Protein Genes. Nature 2004, 432, 1054–1058.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kohl, J.; Babayan, B.M.; Rubinstein, N.D.; Autry, A.E.; Marin-Rodriguez, B.; Kapoor, V.; Miyamishi, K.; Zweifel, L.S.; Luo, L.; Uchida, N.; et al. Functional Circuit Architecture Underlying Parental Behaviour. Nature 2018, 556, 326–331.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lehman, R.; McMillan, L.G. Options for Volatile Markets; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118531518.
An edited book
Bladder Pain Syndrome: A Guide for Clinicians; Nordling, J., Wyndaele, J.J., Merwe, J.P. van de, Bouchelouche, P., Cervigni, M., Fall, M., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2013; ISBN 9781441969286.
A chapter in an edited book
Colaprete, A.; Vargo, K.; Shirley, M.; Landis, D.; Wooden, D.; Karcz, J.; Hermalyn, B.; Cook, A. An Overview of the LADEE Ultraviolet-Visible Spectrometer. In The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer Mission (LADEE); Elphic, R.C., Russell, C.T., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 63–91 ISBN 9783319187167.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Scientists Just Dealt A Major Blow To The Search For Life Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office DOD Business Systems Modernization: Recent Slowdown in Institutionalizing Key Management Controls Needs to Be Addressed; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzaga Reed, R.R. The Impact of a Community-Based College Access Program at a Midwestern Institution. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Back in Queens, Johnson Is Full of Memories and Statistics. New York Times 2013, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis.
ISSN (online)2308-3425

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