How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elert, E. Aetiology: Searching for schizophrenia’s roots. Nature 2014, 508, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rizki, A.; Lundblad, V. Defects in mismatch repair promote telomerase-independent proliferation. Nature 2001, 411, 713–716.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vassilopoulos, G.; Wang, P.-R.; Russell, D.W. Transplanted bone marrow regenerates liver by cell fusion. Nature 2003, 422, 901–904.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stickley, C.E.; St John, K.; Koç, N.; Jordan, R.W.; Passchier, S.; Pearce, R.B.; Kearns, L.E. Evidence for middle Eocene Arctic sea ice from diatoms and ice-rafted debris. Nature 2009, 460, 376–379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gleeson, K. The Personal Efficiency Program; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2008; ISBN 9781118256237.
An edited book
Psychotherapy Research: Foundations, Process, and Outcome; Gelo, O.C.G., Pritz, A., Rieken, B., Eds.; Springer: Vienna, 2015; ISBN 9783709113813.
A chapter in an edited book
Nisiforou, E.A.; Michailidou, E.; Laghos, A. Using Eye Tracking to Understand the Impact of Cognitive Abilities on Search Tasks. In Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice: 8th International Conference, UAHCI 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV; Stephanidis, C., Antona, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 46–57 ISBN 9783319075082.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease.

Blog post
Andrews, R. How Well Did Back To The Future Predict Our Lives In 2015? (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Weather Forecasting: NWS Has Not Demonstrated That New Processing System Will Improve Mission Effectiveness; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schenkelberg, V. Cultural competence training: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Etheredge, P. by G. Nighttime Windows. New York Times 2016, RE12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis.
ISSN (online)2308-3425

Other styles