How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, R. Genes versus Cancer. Nature 2007, 446, 826–827.
A journal article with 2 authors
West, S.A.; Gardner, A. Altruism, Spite, and Greenbeards. Science 2010, 327, 1341–1344.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elsner, J.B.; Kossin, J.P.; Jagger, T.H. The Increasing Intensity of the Strongest Tropical Cyclones. Nature 2008, 455, 92–95.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Banerjee, A.; Yang, W.; Karplus, M.; Verdine, G.L. Structure of a Repair Enzyme Interrogating Undamaged DNA Elucidates Recognition of Damaged DNA. Nature 2005, 434, 612–618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu, K. Materials in Energy Conversion, Harvesting, and Storage; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, New Jersey, 2014; ISBN 9781118892374.
An edited book
Electronic Government: 5th International Conference, EGOV 2006, Kraków, Poland, September 4-8, 2006. Proceedings; Wimmer, M.A., Scholl, H.J., Grönlund, Å., Andersen, K.V., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; Vol. 4084; ISBN 9783540376866.
A chapter in an edited book
Benesty, J.; Chen, J.; Huang, Y.; Cohen, I. Mean-Squared Error Criterion. In Noise Reduction in Speech Processing; Huang, Y., Chen, J., Benesty, J., Eds.; Springer Topics in Signal Processing; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 1–6 ISBN 9783642002953.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. Why Has Japan’s Massacre Of Disabled Gone Unnoticed? For Answers, Look To The Past Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Geospatial Data: Progress Needed on Identifying Expenditures, Building and Utilizing a Data Infrastructure, and Reducing Duplicative Efforts [Reissued March 18, 2015]; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung, J. Quasi-One-Dimensional Modeling of an Adiabatic-Compression Preheated Ludwieg Tube. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park: College Park, MD, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. Painting Brooklyn, Without a Brush. New York Times 2016, MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis.
ISSN (online)2308-3425

Other styles