How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. Developing-World Health: The Fightback Starts Here. Nature 2003, 426, 754.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahn, N.G.; Resing, K.A. Cell Biology. Lessons in Rational Drug Design for Protein Kinases. Science 2005, 308, 1266–1267.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foley, S.; Tiepolo, M.; Vannucci, R. Growth of Early Continental Crust Controlled by Melting of Amphibolite in Subduction Zones. Nature 2002, 417, 837–840.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Luh, D.A.; Miller, T.; Paggel, J.J.; Chou, M.Y.; Chiang, T.C. Quantum Electronic Stability of Atomically Uniform Films. Science 2001, 292, 1131–1133.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Upreti, S.R. Process Modeling and Simulation for Chemical Engineers; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2017; ISBN 9781118914670.
An edited book
Herbal Insecticides, Repellents and Biomedicines: Effectiveness and Commercialization; Vijay, V., Gopalakrishnan, R., Eds.; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer India: New Delhi, 2016; ISBN 9788132227021.
A chapter in an edited book
Iwashita, M. A Framework for a Posteriori Method of Transitional Analysis to Diffuse ICT Services Based on Text Mining. In Advanced Techniques for Knowledge Engineering and Innovative Applications: 16th International Conference, KES 2012, San Sebastian, Spain, September 10-12, 2012, Revised Selected Papers; Tweedale, J.W., Jain, L.C., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 39–55 ISBN 9783642420160.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Why UPS Drivers Don’t Turn Left And You Probably Shouldn’t Either Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Information Technology: The Federal Enterprise Architecture and Agencies’ Enterprise Architectures Are Still Maturing; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patra, P. Image Scaling with Three Different Interpolation Techniques and Their Comparisons. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L. In Tacoma, A Residential Rebirth. New York Times 2007, BU15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis.
ISSN (online)2308-3425

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