How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meister, G. Molecular biology. RNA interference in the nucleus. Science 2008, 321, 496–497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuspa, S.H.; Epstein, E.H., Jr Cancer. An anchor for tumor cell invasion. Science 2005, 307, 1727–1728.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aziz, T.; Stein, J.; Yogeshwar, R. Animal testing: TV or not TV? Nature 2011, 470, 457–459.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, F.; Wang, Z.; Dong, W.; Sun, C.; Wang, H.; Song, A.; He, L.; Fang, W.; Chen, F.; Teng, N. Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis reveals mechanisms of embryo abortion during chrysanthemum cross breeding. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandrea, N.; Stănescu, N.-D. Dynamics of the Rigid Solid with General Constraints by a Multibody Approach; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781118954393.
An edited book
Villadsen, J. Bioreaction Engineering Principles; Nielsen, J., Lidén, G., Eds.; 3rd ed.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2011; ISBN 9781441996879.
A chapter in an edited book
Della Mea, V. Gödel’s Childhood and Other Algorithms. In Imagine Math 2: Between Culture and Mathematics; Emmer, M., Ed.; Springer: Milano, 2013; pp. 23–30 ISBN 9788847028883.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Why Having Thoughts That Aren’t Yours Doesn’t Make You Delusional (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office The Requirements Determination Process Can Be Improved at NASA’s Langley Research Center; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1982;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grass, D.S. Assessing the impacts of air pollution and extreme weather on human health in the urban environment. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University: New York, NY, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B.; Thomas, L., Jr Deutsche Bank to Settle U.S. Inquiry Into Mortgages for $7.2 Billion. New York Times 2016, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis.
ISSN (online)2308-3425

Other styles