How to format your references using the Annals of Nuclear Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Nuclear Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ye, J., 2011. Cell biology. Protease sets site-1 on lysosomes. Science 333, 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whalan, S., Webster, N.S., 2014. Sponge larval settlement cues: the role of microbial biofilms in a warming ocean. Sci. Rep. 4, 4072.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, J., Ewing, R.C., Becker, U., 2014. Average structure and local configuration of excess oxygen in UO(2+x). Sci. Rep. 4, 4216.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bulavin, D.V., Higashimoto, Y., Popoff, I.J., Gaarde, W.A., Basrur, V., Potapova, O., Appella, E., Fornace, A.J., Jr, 2001. Initiation of a G2/M checkpoint after ultraviolet radiation requires p38 kinase. Nature 411, 102–107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, B., Qiu, D., 2014. Sneak Circuits of Power Electronic Converters. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Gray, T., Silver-Pacuilla, H. (Eds.), 2011. Breakthrough Teaching and Learning: How Educational and Assistive Technologies are Driving Innovation. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Zawadzki, P., 2010. Improved Estimation of Success Probability of the Shor’s Algorithm, in: Kwiecień, A., Gaj, P., Stera, P. (Eds.), Computer Networks: 17th Conference, CN 2010, Ustroń, Poland, June 15-19, 2010. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Nuclear Energy.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. How The Horse Can Help Us Answer One Of Evolution’s Biggest Questions [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s Role in Major Airport Noise Programs (No. RCED-00-98). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin, R.L., 2017. Development of a Nutrition Program with Emphasis on Use of Social Media for Middle School Students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. A Cathedral-Like Home For a Church’s Peacocks. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ye, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Whalan and Webster, 2014; Ye, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whalan and Webster, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bulavin et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Nuclear Energy
AbbreviationAnn. Nucl. Energy
ISSN (print)0306-4549
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering

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