How to format your references using the Annals of Nuclear Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Nuclear Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger, K., 2003. Access delayed. Nature 422, 96–97.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaughn, M.W., Martienssen, R., 2005. It’s a small RNA world, after all. Science 309, 1525–1526.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller, S.P., Lunzer, M., Dean, A.M., 2006. Direct demonstration of an adaptive constraint. Science 314, 458–461.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blanke, O., Ortigue, S., Landis, T., Seeck, M., 2002. Stimulating illusory own-body perceptions. Nature 419, 269–270.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lakshminarayana, B., 2007. Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Turbomachinery. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lagorio, S.L., 2016. Early Cretaceous Volcanism in Central and Eastern Argentina During Gondwana Break-Up, SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ciardiello, F., De Vita, F., 2005. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors in cancer therapy, in: Herrling, P.L., Matter, A., Schultz, R.M. (Eds.), Advances in Targeted Cancer Therapy. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp. 93–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Nuclear Energy.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Mountain Hens Lay Glossy, Color-Changing Eggs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Direct Student Loans: Selected Characteristics of Participating Schools (No. T-HEHS-95-123). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Partma, L., 2009. Media: Pretrial publicity and its effects (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Samuels, D., 2016. The Storyteller and the President. New York Times MM44.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger, 2003; Vaughn and Martienssen, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaughn and Martienssen, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Blanke et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Nuclear Energy
AbbreviationAnn. Nucl. Energy
ISSN (print)0306-4549
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering

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