How to format your references using the Annals of Nuclear Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Nuclear Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grubb, M., 2012. Emissions trading: Cap and trade finds new energy. Nature 491, 666–667.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mongiat, L.A., Schinder, A.F., 2014. Neuroscience. A price to pay for adult neurogenesis. Science 344, 594–595.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raebiger, H., Lany, S., Zunger, A., 2008. Charge self-regulation upon changing the oxidation state of transition metals in insulators. Nature 453, 763–766.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Taleyarkhan, R.P., West, C.D., Cho, J.S., Lahey, R.T., Jr, Nigmatulin, R.I., Block, R.C., 2002. Evidence for nuclear emissions during acoustic cavitation. Science 295, 1868–1873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, S.-L., 2012. Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shirali, S., 2011. Multivariable Analysis. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu, Z., Cao, Z., Zeng, D.D., 2013. An Analysis of Beijing HFMD Patients Mobility Pattern during Seeking Treatment, in: Zeng, D., Yang, C.C., Tseng, V.S., Xing, C., Chen, H., Wang, F.-Y., Zheng, X. (Eds.), Smart Health: International Conference, ICSH 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-4, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 24–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Nuclear Energy.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Cancer-Detecting Dog Trials Approved By The NHS [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Public Transportation: Improvements Are Needed to More Fully Assess Predicted Impacts of New Starts Projects (No. GAO-08-844). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gill, G.J., 2009. The experience of family caregiving of the terminally ill: A phenomenological study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Music Distributor Helps Artists With a Tricky Part: Splitting Royalties. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grubb, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Grubb, 2012; Mongiat and Schinder, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mongiat and Schinder, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Taleyarkhan et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Nuclear Energy
AbbreviationAnn. Nucl. Energy
ISSN (print)0306-4549
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering

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