How to format your references using the Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mueller, K. L. (2015). Cancer immunology and immunotherapy. Realizing the promise. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6230), 54–55.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao, X., & Wang, K. (2014). Strength of stick-slip and creeping subduction megathrusts from heat flow observations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6200), 1038–1041.
A journal article with 3 authors
Braunschweig, H., Radacki, K., & Schneider, A. (2010). Oxoboryl complexes: boron-oxygen triple bonds stabilized in the coordination sphere of platinum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5976), 345–347.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhu, L., Gibson, P., Currle, D. S., Tong, Y., Richardson, R. J., Bayazitov, I. T., Poppleton, H., Zakharenko, S., Ellison, D. W., & Gilbertson, R. J. (2009). Prominin 1 marks intestinal stem cells that are susceptible to neoplastic transformation. Nature, 457(7229), 603–607.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaltashov, I. A., & Eyles, S. J. (2005). Mass Spectrometry in Biophysics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mansuy, R. (2006). Random Times and Enlargements of Filtrations in a Brownian Setting (M. Yor, Ed.; Vol. 1873). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruiz, C., Richard, O., & Emeras, J. (2014). Reproducible Software Appliances for Experimentation. In V. C. M. Leung, M. Chen, J. Wan, & Y. Zhang (Eds.), Testbeds and Research Infrastructure: Development of Networks and Communities: 9th International ICST Conference, TridentCom 2014, Guangzhou, China, May 5-7, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 33–42). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, October 24). Virgin Birth Confirmed in World’s Longest Snake Species. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Comprehensive Strategy Can Draw on Year 2000 Experiences (AIMD-00-1). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, S. K. (2017). Data Transmission Using Image Steganography in Quick Response (QR) Code [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, March 16). Film Series. New York Times, C21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mueller, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gao & Wang, 2014; Mueller, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gao & Wang, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Braunschweig et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
AbbreviationJ. Biomol. Struct. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0739-1102
ISSN (online)1538-0254
ScopeMolecular Biology
Structural Biology
General Medicine

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