How to format your references using the Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edery, I. (2010). Circadian rhythms. Temperatures to communicate by. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6002), 329–330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dudney, N. J., & Li, J. (2015). Materials science. Using all energy in a battery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6218), 131–132.
A journal article with 3 authors
Isabel, G., Pascual, A., & Preat, T. (2004). Exclusive consolidated memory phases in Drosophila. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5673), 1024–1027.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koch, G. W., Sillett, S. C., Jennings, G. M., & Davis, S. D. (2004). The limits to tree height. Nature, 428(6985), 851–854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caban, S., Mehlführer, C., Rupp, M., & Wrulich, M. (2011). Evaluation of HSDPA and LTE. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Foscht, T., Morschett, D., Rudolph, T., Schnedlitz, P., Schramm-Klein, H., & Swoboda, B. (Eds.). (2015). European Retail Research: 2013, Volume 27, Issue II. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Karim, R., Parida, A., Candell, O., & Kumar, U. (2014). eMaintenance Industrial Applications: Issues and Challenges. In J. Lee, J. Ni, J. Sarangapani, & J. Mathew (Eds.), Engineering Asset Management 2011: Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (pp. 33–40). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 5). Aging of Brain and Muscles Reversed Through Protein Therapy. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Delivery of Key Benefits Hinges on States’ Achieving Compliance (No. T-AIMD/GGD-99-221). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsobrook, J. A. (2013). Music Education in America: A Content Analysis and National Perspective of Standards-Based Outcomes for K–8 General Music (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, March 28). Symbols for Satire. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edery, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Dudney & Li, 2015; Edery, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dudney & Li, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Isabel, Pascual, & Preat, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Koch, Sillett, Jennings, & Davis, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
AbbreviationJ. Biomol. Struct. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0739-1102
ISSN (online)1538-0254
ScopeMolecular Biology
Structural Biology
General Medicine

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