How to format your references using the Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hobert, O. (2008). Gene regulation by transcription factors and microRNAs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5871), 1785–1786.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conte, M. H., & Weber, J. C. (2002). Plant biomarkers in aerosols record isotopic discrimination of terrestrial photosynthesis. Nature, 417(6889), 639–641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Phelps, J., Webb, E. L., & Agrawal, A. (2010). Land use. Does REDD+ threaten to recentralize forest governance? Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5976), 312–313.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Samatey, F. A., Imada, K., Nagashima, S., Vonderviszt, F., Kumasaka, T., Yamamoto, M., & Namba, K. (2001). Structure of the bacterial flagellar protofilament and implications for a switch for supercoiling. Nature, 410(6826), 331–337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simpkins, A. M., & Simpkins, C. A. (2010). Meditation and Yoga in Psychotherapy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hong, S., Auciello, O., & Wouters, D. (Eds.). (2014). Emerging Non-Volatile Memories. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Viktorova, I., Fairchild, K., & Fischer, J. (2013). Modeling Heat Explosion for a Viscoelastic Material. In J. Rychtář, S. Gupta, R. Shivaji, & M. Chhetri (Eds.), Topics from the 8th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference (pp. 31–37). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 23). Peculiar Ancient Marine Reptile Reveals Life Evolved Rapidly After 'Great Dying” Apocalypse. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NASA’s Development of EOSDIS (IMTEC-92-42R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer, K. A. (2010). System for Identifying Plankton from the SIPPER Instrument Platform [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Berkman, S. (2017, May 7). After Harvey Is Disciplined, The Marlins Punish His Fill-In. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hobert, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Conte & Weber, 2002; Hobert, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conte & Weber, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Phelps et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Samatey et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
AbbreviationJ. Biomol. Struct. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0739-1102
ISSN (online)1538-0254
ScopeMolecular Biology
Structural Biology
General Medicine

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