How to format your references using the Journal of Biomedical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biomedical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Claeys M. Comment on “Unexpected epoxide formation in the gas-phase photooxidation of isoprene.” Science. 2010;327:644; author reply 644.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nagamatsu S, Ohara-Imaizumi M. Cell biology. IP7 debut in insulin release. Science. 2007;318:1249–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sekiguchi Y, Arai K, Kohshima S. Sleep behaviour: sleep in continuously active dolphins. Nature. 2006;441:E9-10; discussion E11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hansen CJ, Esposito LW, Stewart AIF, Meinke B, Wallis B, Colwell JE, et al. Water vapour jets inside the plume of gas leaving Enceladus. Nature. 2008;456:477–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Perini K, Sabbion P. Urban Sustainability and River Restoration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Nichol R, editor. Growing up Indigenous: Developing Effective Pedagogy for Education and Development. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Iacovides I. Water Management: Administration and Legislation. In: Koundouri P, editor. Water Resources Allocation: Policy and Socioeconomic Issues in Cyprus. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 45–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biomedical Science.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Record Breaking “Supermoon” Is The Biggest Seen In 68 Years [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Basic Agreements With Educational Institutions or Nonprofit Organizations for Award of Research and Development Contracts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Nov. Report No.: B-200941.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gaudet CJ. A General Approach to the Direct Detection of Dark Matter [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Harris EA, Seelye KQ. Choate Rosemary Hall, a Very Private School, Publicly Catalogs Its Sins. New York Times. 2017 Apr 15;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biomedical Science
AbbreviationJ. Biomed. Sci.
ISSN (online)1423-0127
ScopeCell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
General Medicine
Biochemistry, medical
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles