How to format your references using the Journal of Biomedical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biomedical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Solow AR. Global warming: A call for peace on climate and conflict. Nature. 2013;497:179–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sekkal W, Zaoui A. Nanoscale analysis of the morphology and surface stability of calcium carbonate polymorphs. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1587.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lourens LJ, Wehausen R, Brumsack HJ. Geological constraints on tidal dissipation and dynamical ellipticity of the Earth over the past three million years. Nature. 2001;409:1029–33.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Adams RB Jr, Gordon HL, Baird AA, Ambady N, Kleck RE. Effects of gaze on amygdala sensitivity to anger and fear faces. Science. 2003;300:1536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brown R. Rational Choice and Judgment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. dell’Isola F, Maier G, Perego U, Andreaus U, Esposito R, Forest S, editors. The complete works of Gabrio Piola: Volume I: Commented English Translation. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Parra A, Mendes JR, Valero P, Villavicencio Ubillús M. Mathematics Education in Multilingual Contexts for the Indigenous Population in Latin America. In: Barwell R, Clarkson P, Halai A, Kazima M, Moschkovich J, Planas N, et al., editors. Mathematics Education and Language Diversity: The 21st ICMI Study. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 67–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biomedical Science.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Could You Transfer Your Consciousness To Another Body? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/could-you-transfer-your-consciousness-another-body/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Native Hawaiian Education Act: Greater Oversight Would Increase Accountability and Enable Targeting of Funds to Areas with Greatest Need. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Mar. Report No.: GAO-08-422.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mier LM. Monitoring Electron Transfer Reactions using Ultrafast UV-Visible and Infrared Spectroscopy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Wheeler’s Solid Start Helps Mets Win. New York Times. 2017 Apr 13;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biomedical Science
AbbreviationJ. Biomed. Sci.
ISSN (online)1423-0127
ScopeCell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
General Medicine
Biochemistry, medical
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles