How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Polymer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Polymer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E. Nature 2003, 421, 456.
A journal article with 2 authors
Piou, T.; Rovis, T. Nature 2015, 527, 86.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, B.; Parquette, J. R.; RajanBabu, T. V. Science 2009, 326, 1662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kilpatrick, C. D.; Foley, R. J.; Kasen, D.; Murguia-Berthier, A.; Ramirez-Ruiz, E.; Coulter, D. A.; Drout, M. R.; Piro, A. L.; Shappee, B. J.; Boutsia, K.; Contreras, C.; Di Mille, F.; Madore, B. F.; Morrell, N.; Pan, Y.-C.; Prochaska, J. X.; Rest, A.; Rojas-Bravo, C.; Siebert, M. R.; Simon, J. D.; Ulloa, N. Science 2017, 358, 1583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lloret, J.; Shulman, G.; Love, R. M. Condition and Health Indicators of Exploited Marine Fishes; John Wiley & Sons: Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
Nuclear Oncology: Pathophysiology and Clinical Applications; Strauss, H. W.; Mariani, G.; Volterrani, D.; Larson, S. M., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Rolstadås, A.; Hetland, P. W.; Jergeas, G. F.; Westney, R. E. In Risk Navigation Strategies for Major Capital Projects: Beyond the Myth of Predictability; Hetland, P. W.; Jergeas, G. F.; Westney, R. E., Eds.; Springer Series in Reliability Engineering; Springer: London, 2011; pp 39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Polymer Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. Incredible Preservation Of 125-Million-Year-Old Mammal Shows Soft Tissues And Hair. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Inspectors General: Alleged Misconduct by NASA Inspector General; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Song, H. Systematics of Cyrtacanthacridinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae) with a Focus on the Genus Schistocerca Stål 1873: Evolution of Locust Phase Polyphenism and Study of Insect Genitalia. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. Scent Notes: The Citrus Aroma of the Season. New York Times 2016, ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Polymer Science
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Polym. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8995
ISSN (online)1097-4628
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles