How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Polymer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Polymer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubin, M. A. Nature 2015, 520, 290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vyleta, N. P.; Jonas, P. Science 2014, 343, 665.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bordenstein, S. R.; O’Hara, F. P.; Werren, J. H. Nature 2001, 409, 707.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rodriguez-Viciana, P.; Tetsu, O.; Tidyman, W. E.; Estep, A. L.; Conger, B. A.; Cruz, M. S.; McCormick, F.; Rauen, K. A. Science 2006, 311, 1287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holzman, G., CVT VTS De; Raffel, T., CVT VTS Su Surgical Patient Care for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Computer Science: The Hardware, Software and Heart of It; Blum, E. K.; Aho, A. V., Eds.; 1st ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerhold, T. In MEGAFLOW - Numerical Flow Simulation for Aircraft Design: Results of the second phase of the German CFD initiative MEGAFLOW, presented during its closing symposium at DLR, Braunschweig, Germany, December 10 and 11, 2002; Kroll, N.; Fassbender, J. K., Eds.; Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design (NNFM); Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; pp 81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Polymer Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. Only Three EU Countries On Track To Meet Paris Climate Agreement Targets. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Inspectors General: Actions Needed to Improve Audit Coverage of NASA; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, N. M. The influence of formal and informal support on the quality of life of individuals with a severe mental illness. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markowitz, J. C. There’s Such a Thing as Too Much Neuroscience. New York Times 2016, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Polymer Science
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Polym. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8995
ISSN (online)1097-4628
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles