How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Logic. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
J. Bohannon, The Gonzo Scientist. Scientists, we need your swords!, Science. 320 (2008) 312.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
E.M. Rubin, A. Tall, Perspectives for vascular genomics, Nature. 407 (2000) 265–269.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
S. Yoshida, M. Sukeno, Y.-I. Nabeshima, A vasculature-associated niche for undifferentiated spermatogonia in the mouse testis, Science. 317 (2007) 1722–1726.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
B. Autran, G. Carcelain, B. Combadiere, P. Debre, Therapeutic vaccines for chronic infections, Science. 305 (2004) 205–208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
R.P. Pohanish, HazMat Data, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
[1]
M. Steinfeldt, Nanotechnologies, Hazards and Resource Efficiency: A Three-Tiered Approach to Assessing the Implications of Nanotechnology and Influencing its Development, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
V.W. Marek, M. Truszczynski, Rough Sets and Approximation Schemes, in: M. Kryszkiewicz, J.F. Peters, H. Rybinski, A. Skowron (Eds.), Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems Paradigms: International Conference, RSEISP 2007, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 22–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Logic.

Blog post
[1]
R. Andrews, Here Are 80 Falcons Enjoying Their Plane Journey, IFLScience. (2017).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Higher Education: Grants Effective at Increasing Minorities’ Chances of Graduating, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Y.-J. Lee, Copying and summarizing: Possible tools to develop English reading and writing for university students of different proficiency levels in Korea, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
J. Poniewozik, Fox Show Is Trump’s Two-Way Mirror, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Logic
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Log.
ISSN (print)1570-8683
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Logic

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