How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Electrochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Electrochemistry (J Appl Electrochem). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Diamond J (2014) Population history: Human melting pots in Southeast Asia. Nature 512:262–263
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stein S, Okal EA (2005) Seismology: speed and size of the Sumatra earthquake. Nature 434:581–582
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rignot E, Mouginot J, Scheuchl B (2011) Ice flow of the Antarctic ice sheet. Science 333:1427–1430
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Hoeflich KP, Luo J, Rubie EA, et al (2000) Requirement for glycogen synthase kinase-3beta in cell survival and NF-kappaB activation. Nature 406:86–90

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Popkin JD (2011) A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Bramer M (2008) Artificial Intelligence in Theory and Practice II: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, TC 12: IFIP AI 2008 Stream, September 7-10, 2008, Milano, Italy. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Donmez P, Carbonell JG (2010) From Active to Proactive Learning Methods. In: Koronacki J, Raś ZW, Wierzchoń ST, Kacprzyk J (eds) Advances in Machine Learning I: Dedicated to the Memory of Professor Ryszard S.Michalski. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 97–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Electrochemistry.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) First Ever Reported Case Of Anxiety-Induced Déjà Vu Described. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/first-ever-reported-case-anxiety-induced-d-j-vu-described/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2017) School Bus Safety: Crash Data Trends and Federal and State Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Abdeljaber SR (2015) High school mathematics teachers’ perceptions of mathematics education in northwest Florida. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J (2017) FX Plans a Commercial-Free Service With Comcast. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Electrochemistry
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Electrochem.
ISSN (print)0021-891X
ISSN (online)1572-8838
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Electrochemistry
Materials Chemistry

Other styles