How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Electrochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Electrochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Carroll S (2004) Insignificance. Nature 429:27
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ward DJ, MacKay DJC (2002) Artificial intelligence: fast hands-free writing by gaze direction. Nature 418:838
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Beldade P, Koops K, Brakefield PM (2002) Developmental constraints versus flexibility in morphological evolution. Nature 416:844–847
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Korb J, Weil T, Hoffmann K, et al (2009) A gene necessary for reproductive suppression in termites. Science 324:758

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Deuff D, Cosquer M (2013) User-Centered Agile Method. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
1.
Delgado JMPQ (2016) Recent Developments in Building Diagnosis Techniques, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Graf F, te Kamp L, Auer M, et al (2015) Soil Aggregate Stability in Eco-engineering: Comparison of Field and Laboratory Data with an Outlook on a New Modelling Approach. In: Wu W (ed) Recent Advances in Modeling Landslides and Debris Flows. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 29–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Electrochemistry.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Exactly How Big Is Pluto? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) Information Security: Software Change Controls at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tanner-Anderson SL (2014) “The Road Less Traveled”: The Female’s Journey to the State Superintendency. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L (2007) Board Renewing Searches By Trained Dogs at School. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Electrochemistry
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Electrochem.
ISSN (print)0021-891X
ISSN (online)1572-8838
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Electrochemistry
Materials Chemistry

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