How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Electrochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Electrochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klar AJS (2002) Fibonacci’s flowers. Nature 417:595
A journal article with 2 authors
Fried SD, Boxer SG (2015) BIOPHYSICS. Response to Comments on “Extreme electric fields power catalysis in the active site of ketosteroid isomerase.” Science 349:936
A journal article with 3 authors
Våge S, Storesund JE, Thingstad TF (2013) SAR11 viruses and defensive host strains. Nature 499:E3-4
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zerrouki D, Baudry J, Pine D, et al (2008) Chiral colloidal clusters. Nature 455:380–382

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simiu E (2011) Design of Buildings for Wind. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
McSweeney PLH, Fox PF (2013) Advanced Dairy Chemistry: Volume 1A: Proteins: Basic Aspects, 4th Edition, 4th ed. 2013. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Blanchard P, Volchenkov D (2011) Embedding of Graphs in Probabilistic Euclidean Space. In: Volchenkov D (ed) Random Walks and Diffusions on Graphs and Databases: An Introduction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Electrochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Study Finds Gamers Have Greater Cognitive Function And More Grey Matter. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Multiyear Leasing and Government-Wide Purchasing of Automatic Data Processing Equipment Should Result in Significant Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hart MM (2013) R&D Characteristics and Organizational Structure: Case Studies of University-Industry Research Centers. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2007) From Town’s First Female Officer to County’s First Female Police Chief. New York Times WE5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Electrochemistry
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Electrochem.
ISSN (print)0021-891X
ISSN (online)1572-8838
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Materials Chemistry

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