How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Biomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Biomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bulinski, J.C., 2006. Cell biology. Actin discrimination. Science 313, 180–181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leinwand, L.A., Moss, R.L., 2011. Medicine. Chemically tuned myosin motors. Science 331, 1392–1393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turi, L., Sheu, W.-S., Rossky, P.J., 2005. Characterization of excess electrons in water-cluster anions by quantum simulations. Science 309, 914–917.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Quintyne, N.J., Reing, J.E., Hoffelder, D.R., Gollin, S.M., Saunders, W.S., 2005. Spindle multipolarity is prevented by centrosomal clustering. Science 307, 127–129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chapman, B.R., Bolen, E.G., 2015. Ecology of North America. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Butz, A., Fisher, B., Krüger, A., Olivier, P., Owada, S. (Eds.), 2007. Smart Graphics: 8th International Symposium, SG 2007, Kyoto, Japan, June 25-27, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Owen, J.P., Hawley, D.M., 2014. Host-Parasite Interactions, in: Malagoli, D., Ottaviani, E. (Eds.), Eco-Immunology: Evolutive Aspects and Future Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Biomedicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Is Venus Still Erupting? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. Utilization of Consultants, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (No. B-168033). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ochse, A.R., 2013. Targeted Killing, Drones and International Law: How U.S. Practice is Shaping International Law (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M., Rashbaum, W.K., 2017. Rikers Deemed Too Dangerous For Inmates Outside New York. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bulinski, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bulinski, 2006; Leinwand and Moss, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leinwand and Moss, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Quintyne et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Biomedicine
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Biomed.
ISSN (print)1214-021X
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine
General Neuroscience
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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