How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Biomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Biomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zoback, M.D., 2000. Earth science. Strength of the San Andreas. Nature 405, 31–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan, F., Huang, L., 2014. Brittle to ductile transition in densified silica glass. Sci. Rep. 4, 5035.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grinberg, I., Cooper, V.R., Rappe, A.M., 2002. Relationship between local structure and phase transitions of a disordered solid solution. Nature 419, 909–911.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Watters, T.R., Leuschen, C.J., Plaut, J.J., Picardi, G., Safaeinili, A., Clifford, S.M., Farrell, W.M., Ivanov, A.B., Phillips, R.J., Stofan, E.R., 2006. MARSIS radar sounder evidence of buried basins in the northern lowlands of Mars. Nature 444, 905–908.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meiswinkel, R., Meyer, J., Schnell, J., 2013. Design and Construction of Nuclear Power Plants. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Jacko, J.A. (Ed.), 2007. Human-Computer Interaction. Interaction Design and Usability: 12th International Conference, HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ursula Rao, 2016. Urban Negotiations and Small-Scale Gentrification in a Delhi Resettlement Colony, in: Chakravarty, S., Negi, R. (Eds.), Space, Planning and Everyday Contestations in Delhi, Exploring Urban Change in South Asia. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 77–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Biomedicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why GM Food is so Hard to Sell to a Wary Public [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2017. Public-Safety Broadband Network: FirstNet Has Made Progress Establishing the Network, but Should Address Stakeholder Concerns and Workforce Planning (No. GAO-17-569). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor, W.A., 2010. Every citizen a soldier: The U.S. Army’s campaign for universal military training following World War II (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Wall Street Journal’s Editor in Chief Admonishes Reporters Over Trump Coverage. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zoback, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Yuan and Huang, 2014; Zoback, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yuan and Huang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Watters et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Biomedicine
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Biomed.
ISSN (print)1214-021X
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine
General Neuroscience
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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