How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Biomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Biomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dominissini, D., 2014. Genomics and Proteomics. Roadmap to the epitranscriptome. Science 346, 1192.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schuchmann, K., Müller, V., 2013. Direct and reversible hydrogenation of CO2 to formate by a bacterial carbon dioxide reductase. Science 342, 1382–1385.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfleiderer, C., Julian, S.R., Lonzarich, G.G., 2001. Non-Fermi-liquid nature of the normal state of itinerant-electron ferromagnets. Nature 414, 427–430.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Matsumoto, A., Odani, T., Sada, K., Miyata, M., Tashiro, K., 2000. Intercalation of alkylamines into an organic polymer crystal. Nature 405, 328–330.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bell, S., 2005. Lean Enterprise Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Korres, D.S. (Ed.), 2013. The Axis Vertebra. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Park, K.J.P., 2008. Assessing The Work Of Richard H. Popkin From The Vantage Point Of Comparative Philosophy, in: Popkin, J.D. (Ed.), The Legacies of Richard Popkin, Archives Internationales D’Histoire Des Idées / International Archives of The History of Ideas. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 39–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Biomedicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. This Guy Is Crazy Enough To Stick His Hand In Liquid Nitrogen [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. NAVSTAR Global Positioning System--A Program With Many Uncertainties (No. PSAD-79-16). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koh, S.A., 2010. A comparison of treatment integrity assessment methods for behavioral intervention (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, J., 2016. ’60s TV, Taxes and a Taste of Trump. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dominissini, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dominissini, 2014; Schuchmann and Müller, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schuchmann and Müller, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsumoto et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Biomedicine
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Biomed.
ISSN (print)1214-021X
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine
General Neuroscience
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles