How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Biomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Biomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cannon, B., 2013. Sensation and loss. Nature 503, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shields, G.A., Kasting, J.F., 2007. Palaeoclimatology: evidence for hot early oceans? Nature 447, E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hess, K.L., Corda, C.J., Lanese, K.M., 2011. SPORE series winner. Science Buddies: advancing informal science education. Science 332, 550–551.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakanishi, H., Bishop, K.J.M., Kowalczyk, B., Nitzan, A., Weiss, E.A., Tretiakov, K.V., Apodaca, M.M., Klajn, R., Stoddart, J.F., Grzybowski, B.A., 2009. Photoconductance and inverse photoconductance in films of functionalized metal nanoparticles. Nature 460, 371–375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheringer, M., 2002. Persistence and Spatial Range of Environmental Chemicals. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Achourioti, T., Galinon, H., Martínez Fernández, J., Fujimoto, K. (Eds.), 2015. Unifying the Philosophy of Truth, Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Proctor, T., 2012. The Development of Cyber Security Warning, Advice and Report Points, in: Jøsang, A., Carlsson, B. (Eds.), Secure IT Systems: 17th Nordic Conference, NordSec 2012, Karlskrona, Sweden, October 31 – November 2, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 61–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Biomedicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Motion Dazzle: Spotting The Patterns That Help Animals Outsmart Predators On The Run [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Program To Increase Graduates From Health Professions Schools and Improve the Quality of Their Education (No. B-164031(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coles, J., 2017. The Balancing of Parental Support and Pressure in Fostering Collegiate Athletes (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2017. In Hearing, Puerto Rico Faces Scope Of Its Woes. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cannon, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cannon, 2013; Shields and Kasting, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shields and Kasting, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakanishi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Biomedicine
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Biomed.
ISSN (print)1214-021X
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine
General Neuroscience
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles