How to format your references using the Journal of Anesthesia History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anesthesia History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schratt G. Neurobiology: a molecular knife to dice depression. Nature. 2014;516(7529):45-46.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
McAdams HH, Shapiro L. A bacterial cell-cycle regulatory network operating in time and space. Science. 2003;301(5641):1874-1877.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Blum R, Kafitz KW, Konnerth A. Neurotrophin-evoked depolarization requires the sodium channel Na(V)1.9. Nature. 2002;419(6908):687-693.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Feske S, Gwack Y, Prakriya M, et al. A mutation in Orai1 causes immune deficiency by abrogating CRAC channel function. Nature. 2006;441(7090):179-185.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Crane S. Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Dao. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Sakama C, Sardina S, Vasconcelos W, Winikoff M, eds. Declarative Agent Languages and Technologies IX: 9th International Workshop, DALT 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, May 3, 2011, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Vol 7169. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Balaprakash P, Birattari M, Stützle T. Engineering Stochastic Local Search Algorithms: A Case Study in Estimation-Based Local Search for the Probabilistic Travelling Salesman Problem. In: Cotta C, Hemert J van, eds. Recent Advances in Evolutionary Computation for Combinatorial Optimization. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer; 2008:53-66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anesthesia History.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti C. Watch How These Elephants Respond To A Swarm Of Bees. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 5. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dias J. Factors associated with poor oral health among older adults. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. EVERYWHERE, “IN HONOR OF THE 300TH.” New York Times. April 20, 2003:57.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anesthesia History
AbbreviationJ. Anesth. Hist.
ISSN (print)2352-4529
Scope

Other styles