How to format your references using the Journal of Anesthesia History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anesthesia History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stern A. Non-Abelian states of matter. Nature. 2010;464(7286):187-193.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hedges SB, Kumar S. Genomics. Vertebrate genomes compared. Science. 2002;297(5585):1283-1285.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
McElwain JC, Wade-Murphy J, Hesselbo SP. Changes in carbon dioxide during an oceanic anoxic event linked to intrusion into Gondwana coals. Nature. 2005;435(7041):479-482.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Calvert PD, Govardovskii VI, Krasnoperova N, Anderson RE, Lem J, Makino CL. Membrane protein diffusion sets the speed of rod phototransduction. Nature. 2001;411(6833):90-94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Griffin PM, Nembhard HB, DeFlitch CJ, Bastian ND, Kang H, Muñoz DA. Healthcare Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Heun MK. Beyond GDP: National Accounting in the Age of Resource Depletion. Vol 26. (Carbajales-Dale M, Haney BR, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fitzclarence L. Reflections on the Deakin Assemblage Of/For the Critical Project. In: Tinning R, Sirna K, eds. Education, Social Justice and the Legacy of Deakin University: Reflections of the Deakin Diaspora. SensePublishers; 2011:41-52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anesthesia History.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. NASA Still Plans To Practice Saving Earth From An Asteroid, Even Without ESA’s Help. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2009 Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Brient R. Performance considerations for Philippe Gaubert’s “Madrigal.” Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Baker AL, Santora M, Palmer E. Bronx Baby Thrown Out Window Dies; Mother Is Charged With Murder. New York Times. October 16, 2015:A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anesthesia History
AbbreviationJ. Anesth. Hist.
ISSN (print)2352-4529
Scope

Other styles