How to format your references using the Drug Development Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Development Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vanclay, J.K. 2001. “The Effectiveness of Parks.” Science (New York, N.Y.). 293(5532): 1007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vogl, U., and M. Weitz. 2009. “Laser Cooling by Collisional Redistribution of Radiation.” Nature. 461(7260): 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Williamson, C.E., J.E. Saros, and D.W. Schindler. 2009. “Climate Change. Sentinels of Change.” Science (New York, N.Y.). 323(5916): 887–888.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Fontanari Krause, L.M., A.S. Japp, A. Krause, J. Mooster, M. Chopra, M. Müschen, and S.K. Bohlander. 2014. “Identification and Characterization of OSTL (RNF217) Encoding a RING-IBR-RING Protein Adjacent to a Translocation Breakpoint Involving ETV6 in Childhood ALL.” Scientific reports. 4: 6565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Powsner, R.A., M.R. Palmer, and E.R. Powsner. 2013. Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Physics and Instrumentation. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, April 24.
An edited book
Wiak, S., and E. Napieralska-Juszczak, ed. 2011. Computational Methods for the Innovative Design of Electrical Devices. . Vol. 327. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kerekes, R., and P. Walgenbach. 2016. “Don’t Be Unhappy, You Can Be Perfect! The Institutionalization of Aesthetic Surgery.” In Institutions Inc, edited by E. Weik and P. Walgenbach. , pp.63–93. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Development Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2015. “Your Cat’s Fur Color Is Linked To Its Aggressiveness.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. “Federal White-Collar Special Rate Program.” GGD-84-54. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gittens, B.E. 2009. Perceptions of the Applicability of Transformational Leadership Behavior to the Leader Role of Academic Department Chairs: A Study of Selected Universities in Virginia. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. 2017. “Dance Moves, Everywhere.” New York Times, April 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Development Research
AbbreviationDrug Dev. Res.
ISSN (print)0272-4391
ISSN (online)1098-2299
ScopeDrug Discovery

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