How to format your references using the Drug Development Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Development Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jones, G. 2000. “Total Internal Reflection.” Nature. 403(6771): 707.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahn, S., and S.J. Lee. 2014. “Nanoparticle Role on the Repeatability of Stimuli-Responsive Nanocomposites.” Scientific reports. 4: 6624.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stone, L., R. Olinky, and A. Huppert. 2007. “Seasonal Dynamics of Recurrent Epidemics.” Nature. 446(7135): 533–536.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Behar, D.M., B. Yunusbayev, M. Metspalu, E. Metspalu, S. Rosset, J. Parik, S. Rootsi, G. Chaubey, I. Kutuev, G. Yudkovsky, E.K. Khusnutdinova, O. Balanovsky, O. Semino, L. Pereira, D. Comas, D. Gurwitz, B. Bonne-Tamir, T. Parfitt, M.F. Hammer, K. Skorecki, and R. Villems. 2010. “The Genome-Wide Structure of the Jewish People.” Nature. 466(7303): 238–242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang, S., J.-X. Xu, X. Li, and D. Shen. 2017. Iterative Learning Control for Multi-Agent Systems Coordination. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, May 16.
An edited book
Dolev, S., T. Haist, and M. Oltean, ed. 2008. Optical SuperComputing: First International Workshop, OSC 2008, Vienna, Austria, August 26, 2008. Proceedings. . Vol. 5172. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aucher, G., and A. Herzig. 2011. “Exploring the Power of Converse Events.” In Dynamic Formal Epistemology, edited by P. Girard, O. Roy, and M. Marion. , pp.51–74. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Development Research.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2015. “First Known Plant To Sync Pollen Release To The Light Of The Full Moon.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. “Airline Mergers: Issues Raised by the Proposed Merger of American Airlines and US Airways.” GAO-13-403T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spencer, K.H. 2008. Exploring the Impact of Problem -Focused Case Writing Pedagogy on Novice Teachers’ Beliefs and Practices Concerning Effective Instructional Intervention for Young Children and Families. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2010. “In Search of Flavors That Go Beyond The Deli Counter.” New York Times, April 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Development Research
AbbreviationDrug Dev. Res.
ISSN (print)0272-4391
ISSN (online)1098-2299
ScopeDrug Discovery

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