How to format your references using the Drug Development Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Development Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang, X. 2004. “An Embryonic Nation.” Nature. 428(6979): 210–212.
A journal article with 2 authors
Osteryoung, K.W., and J. Nunnari. 2003. “The Division of Endosymbiotic Organelles.” Science (New York, N.Y.). 302(5651): 1698–1704.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloom, J.D., L.I. Gong, and D. Baltimore. 2010. “Permissive Secondary Mutations Enable the Evolution of Influenza Oseltamivir Resistance.” Science (New York, N.Y.). 328(5983): 1272–1275.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Crook, R., A.C. Graham, C.G. Smith, I. Farrer, H.E. Beere, and D.A. Ritchie. 2003. “Erasable Electrostatic Lithography for Quantum Components.” Nature. 424(6950): 751–754.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robertson, B., G.A. Vignaux, and C.E.H. Berger. 2016. Interpreting Evidence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, August 26.
An edited book
Ng, I., G. Parry, P. Wild, D. McFarlane, and P. Tasker, ed. 2011. Complex Engineering Service Systems: Concepts and Research. Decision Engineering. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Z.-S., Z.-Y. Hseu, and C.-C. Tsai. 2015. “Entisols.” In The Soils of Taiwan, edited by Z.-Y. Hseu and C.-C. Tsai. , pp.55–62. World Soils Book Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Development Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. “Mantis Shrimp-Inspired Material Is Stronger than Airplanes.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. “Computer Systems: Types and Sources of Department of State Lookout Records.” IMTEC-89-71FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jobanputra, M.C. 2002. Investigation of Organic Thin Films for Application in Electro-Optic Devices. Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M. 2014. “Bankruptcy Judge Gets View of Detroit Outside Courtroom.” New York Times, August 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Development Research
AbbreviationDrug Dev. Res.
ISSN (print)0272-4391
ISSN (online)1098-2299
ScopeDrug Discovery

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