How to format your references using the Drug Development Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Development Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Junge, C. 2011. “Morbidity: A Personal Response.” Nature. 480(7376): S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Santolík, O., and J. Chum. 2009. “Planetary Science. The Origin of Plasmaspheric Hiss.” Science (New York, N.Y.). 324(5928): 729–730.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kühl, G., D.E.G. Briggs, and J. Rust. 2009. “A Great-Appendage Arthropod with a Radial Mouth from the Lower Devonian Hunsruck Slate, Germany.” Science (New York, N.Y.). 323(5915): 771–773.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Nimmo, F., S.D. Hart, D.G. Korycansky, and C.B. Agnor. 2008. “Implications of an Impact Origin for the Martian Hemispheric Dichotomy.” Nature. 453(7199): 1220–1223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Galwey, N.W. 2014. Introduction to Mixed Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, August 22.
An edited book
Martienssen, W., and H. Warlimont, ed. 2005. Springer Handbook of Condensed Matter and Materials Data. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kokilashvili, V., A. Meskhi, H. Rafeiro, and S. Samko. 2016. “One-Sided Operators.” In Integral Operators in Non-Standard Function Spaces: Volume 1: Variable Exponent Lebesgue and Amalgam Spaces, edited by A. Meskhi, H. Rafeiro, and S. Samko. , pp.297–354. Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Development Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “The Search For ‘Dark Matter’ And 'Dark Energy’ Just Got Interesting.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. “Airport Noise Grants: FAA Needs to Better Ensure Project Eligibility and Improve Strategic Goal and Performance Measures.” GAO-12-890. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prima, M.B. 2012. Waiting for Lefty: Adversity and the American Dream. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B. 2015. “Size of Manhunt Area for 2nd Prison Escapee Significantly Expanded.” New York Times, June 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Development Research
AbbreviationDrug Dev. Res.
ISSN (print)0272-4391
ISSN (online)1098-2299
ScopeDrug Discovery

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