How to format your references using the Drug Development Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Development Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbs, R. 2005. “Deeper into the Genome.” Nature. 437(7063): 1233–1234.
A journal article with 2 authors
Devoret, M.H., and R.J. Schoelkopf. 2000. “Amplifying Quantum Signals with the Single-Electron Transistor.” Nature. 406(6799): 1039–1046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roscioli, J.R., L.R. McCunn, and M.A. Johnson. 2007. “Quantum Structure of the Intermolecular Proton Bond.” Science (New York, N.Y.). 316(5822): 249–254.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Jin, S., Y. Li, R. Pan, and X. Zou. 2014. “Characterizing and Controlling the Inflammatory Network during Influenza A Virus Infection.” Scientific reports. 4: 3799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franssen, J.-M., and P.V. Real. 2010. Fire Design of Steel Structures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, May 26.
An edited book
Schouten, B., S. Fedtke, M. Schijven, M. Vosmeer, and A. Gekker, ed. 2014. Games for Health 2014: Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Gaming and Playful Interaction in Healthcare. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Oubre, C.M., D.L. Pierson, and C.M. Ott. 2016. “Microbiology.” In Space Physiology and Medicine: From Evidence to Practice, edited by A.E. Nicogossian, R.S. Williams, C.L. Huntoon, C.R. Doarn, J.D. Polk, and V.S. Schneider. , pp.155–167. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Development Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “We’ve Only Monitored A Fraction Of The Barrier Reef’s Species.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. “Children’s Issues: A Decade of GAO Reports and Recent Activities.” HRD-90-162. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Portwood, B. 2017. Inclusive Special and General Education Secondary Teachers’ Attitudes towards the Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in the General Education Setting. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2009. “Potpies You Can Pocket.” New York Times, March 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Development Research
AbbreviationDrug Dev. Res.
ISSN (print)0272-4391
ISSN (online)1098-2299
ScopeDrug Discovery

Other styles