How to format your references using the International Review of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paul, G. S. (2010). Comment on “Narrow primary feather rachises in Confuciusornis and Archaeopteryx suggest poor flight ability.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6002), 320; author reply 320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brodribb, T. J., & McAdam, S. A. M. (2011). Passive origins of stomatal control in vascular plants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6017), 582–585.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, S. C., Rabinovitch, P. S., & Kaeberlein, M. (2013). mTOR is a key modulator of ageing and age-related disease. Nature, 493(7432), 338–345.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Treusch, S., Hamamichi, S., Goodman, J. L., Matlack, K. E. S., Chung, C. Y., Baru, V., et al. (2011). Functional links between Aβ toxicity, endocytic trafficking, and Alzheimer’s disease risk factors in yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6060), 1241–1245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Homès, B. (2012). Fundamentals of Software Testing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kegl, B. (2013). Green Diesel Engines: Biodiesel Usage in Diesel Engines. (M. Kegl & S. Pehan, Eds.) (Vol. 12). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Omar, H. A., & Zhuang, W. (2014). Conclusions and Future Works. In W. Zhuang (Ed.), Time Division Multiple Access For Vehicular Communications (pp. 59–60). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 19). “I Just Can’t Get You Out Of My Head”: How To Eradicate Earworms. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Review of Geomagnetic Activities (No. 093287). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lindeboom, T. N. (2014). A new home for transitioning youth: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2017, September 22). The Self-Aware Dog. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paul 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brodribb and McAdam 2011; Paul 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brodribb and McAdam 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Treusch et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Education
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Educ.
ISSN (print)0020-8566
ISSN (online)1573-0638

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