How to format your references using the International Review of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peng, C. (2011). Focus on quality, not just quantity. Nature, 475(7356), 267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wasan, D. T., & Nikolov, A. D. (2003). Spreading of nanofluids on solids. Nature, 423(6936), 156–159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, J. Y., Liu, G., & Sun, J. (2013). Crystallization-aided extraordinary plastic deformation in nanolayered crystalline Cu/amorphous Cu-Zr micropillars. Scientific reports, 3, 2324.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Quan, T., Zheng, T., Yang, Z., Ding, W., Li, S., Li, J., et al. (2013). NeuroGPS: automated localization of neurons for brain circuits using L1 minimization model. Scientific reports, 3, 1414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bâzu, M., & Băjenescu, T. (2011). Failure Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sanches, J. M., Micó, L., & Cardoso, J. S. (Eds.). (2013). Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: 6th Iberian Conference, IbPRIA 2013, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, June 5-7, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7887). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Le, H. N., & Nygård, M. (2007). A Mobile Database Sharing Protocol to Increase Data Availability in Mobile Environments. In K. C.-C. Chang, W. Wang, L. Chen, C. A. Ellis, C.-H. Hsu, A. C. Tsoi, & H. Wang (Eds.), Advances in Web and Network Technologies, and Information Management: APWeb/WAIM 2007 International Workshops: DBMAN 2007, WebETrends 2007, PAIS 2007 and ASWAN 2007, Huang Shan, China, June 16-18, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 50–61). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 17). A Man Can Hear Wi-Fi, And This Is What It Sounds Like. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Technology Transfer: Constraints Perceived by Federal Laboratory and Agency Officials (No. RCED-88-116BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaPorte, M. (2017). Depression and Rumination as a Predictor for Types of Substances Abused (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, J. (2017, May 4). University Presses. New York Times, p. BR31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peng 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Peng 2011; Wasan and Nikolov 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wasan and Nikolov 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Quan et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Education
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Educ.
ISSN (print)0020-8566
ISSN (online)1573-0638

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