How to format your references using the International Review of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lester, B. (2007). 2007 visualization challenge winners. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5846), 1858–1863.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tregenza, T., & Wedell, N. (2002). Polyandrous females avoid costs of inbreeding. Nature, 415(6867), 71–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palikaras, K., Lionaki, E., & Tavernarakis, N. (2015). Coordination of mitophagy and mitochondrial biogenesis during ageing in C. elegans. Nature, 521(7553), 525–528.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Minna, J. D., Gazdar, A. F., Sprang, S. R., & Herz, J. (2004). Cancer. A bull’s eye for targeted lung cancer therapy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5676), 1458–1461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Upreti, S. R. (2017). Process Modeling and Simulation for Chemical Engineers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wicks, A. (Ed.). (2014). Structural Health Monitoring, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 32nd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Song, I., & Diederich, J. (2014). Speech Analysis for Mental Health Assessment Using Support Vector Machines. In M. Lech, I. Song, P. Yellowlees, & J. Diederich (Eds.), Mental Health Informatics (pp. 79–105). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, November 4). Illegal Marijuana Farms In California Are Killing Rare Forest Mammals. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Army Transportation: Alleged Overcharges on Rail Shipments to and From Ft. Irwin, California (No. NSIAD-88-174). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tabellario, C. M. (2009). A plan to establish a financial counseling center on the campus of California State University, Long Beach (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowley, S. (2016, September 26). Wells Fargo Workers Claim Retaliation for Playing by the Rules. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lester 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lester 2007; Tregenza and Wedell 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tregenza and Wedell 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Minna et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Education
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Educ.
ISSN (print)0020-8566
ISSN (online)1573-0638

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